André Charles Prosper Messager (French: [mɛsaʒe]; 30 December 1853 – 24 February 1929) was a French composer, organist, pianist and conductor. His compositions include eight ballets and thirty opéras comiques, opérettes and other stage works, among which his ballet Les Deux Pigeons (1886) and opéra comique Véronique (1898) have had lasting success; Les P'tites Michu (1897) and Monsieur Beaucaire (1919) were also popular internationally.
Messager took up the piano as a small child and later studied composition with, among others, Camille Saint-Saëns and Gabriel Fauré. He became a major figure in the musical life of Paris and later London, both as a conductor and a composer. Many of his Parisian works were also produced in the West End and some on Broadway; the most successful had long runs and numerous international revivals. He wrote two operatic works in English, and his later output included musical comedies for Sacha Guitry and Yvonne Printemps.
As a conductor, Messager held prominent positions in Paris and London, at the head of the Opéra-Comique, the Paris Opéra, the Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire, and the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. Although as a composer he is known chiefly for his light works, as a conductor he presented a wide range of operas, from Mozart to Richard Strauss, and he acquired a reputation as a conductor of Wagner. In Paris he conducted the world premieres of Debussy's Pelléas et Mélisande, Massenet's Grisélidis and Charpentier's Louise. At Covent Garden, he gave the British premieres of operas by Saint-Saëns and Massenet.
Messager's music became known for its melodic and orchestral invention, musical craftsmanship, and characteristically French elegance and grace. Although most of his works have been infrequently revived, historians of music consider him the last major figure in French opéra comique and opérette.
Birth and Death Data: Born December 30th, 1853 (Montluçon), Died February 24th, 1929 (Paris)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1902 - 1929
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, director, conductor
Recordings (Results 26-42 of 42 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Columbia||49540||12-in.||10/23/1918||Impressions of Italy : A mules||André Messager ; Paris Conservatory Symphony Orchestra||Orchestra||director|
|Columbia||49541||12-in.||10/24/1918||Les chasseresses||French Symphony Orchestra ; André Messager||Orchestra||director|
|Columbia||59632||12-in.||approximately September 1920||Duo de l'escarpolette||Louis Chartier ; Blanche Gonthier||Female-male vocal duet, with orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||75314||12-in.||between October 1916 and March 1917||Escena 1a||Guardia Republicana de Paris||Band||composer|
|Columbia||75315||12-in.||between October 1916 and March 1917||Tema y variaciones||Guardia Republicana de Paris||Band||composer|
|Brunswick||15121-15122||10-in.||3/11/1925||La maison grise||Giuseppe Danise||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Brunswick||E20634-E20635||10-in.||11/4/1926||Duetto de l’âne||Blanche Archambault ; Louis Chartier||Vocal duet (soprano and baritone)||composer|
|Brunswick||E23054-E23055||10-in.||5/9/1927||La maison grise||Giuseppe Danise||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||520||Not documented||approximately Jan. 1911||Valse des cigales||Aino Ackté||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||548||Not documented||approximately Jan. 1911||Si j'avais vos ailes||Aino Ackté||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||7098||10-in.||1/8/1920||Red rose||Arthur Middleton||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||9028||10-in.||6/13/1923||Long ago in Alcalá||Charles Albert Baker ; Arthur Middleton||Male vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Gramophone||344y||10-in.||2/6/1909||Ysoline (Bailete mazurka)||Banda del Real Cuerpo de Guardias Alabarderos de Madrid||Band||composer|
|Gramophone||1293F[o]||10-in.||Dec. 1902||Conte bleu||Jean-François Delmas||Bass vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Gramophone||1303F[o]||10-in.||Dec. 1902||Hélas! je ne dois plus entendre||Albert Piccaluga||Baritone vocal solo||composer|
|Gramophone||1772F[o]||10-in.||1903||Fantaisie||Garde Républicaine Band||Band||composer|
|Gramophone||15880u||10-in.||6/23/1910||Isoline ballet||Orchestre Symphonique du Gramophone, Paris||Orchestra||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Messager, André," accessed November 25, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103767.
Messager, André. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved November 25, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103767.
"Messager, André." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 25 November 2020.
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