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André Messager

André Charles Prosper Messager (French: [mɛsaʒe]; 30 December 1853 – 24 February 1929) was a French composer, organist, pianist and conductor. His compositions include eight ballets and thirty opéras comiques, opérettes and other stage works, among which his ballet Les Deux Pigeons (1886) and opéra comique Véronique (1898) have had lasting success; Les P'tites Michu (1897) and Monsieur Beaucaire (1919) were also popular internationally.

Messager took up the piano as a small child and later studied composition with, among others, Camille Saint-Saëns and Gabriel Fauré. He became a major figure in the musical life of Paris and later London, both as a conductor and a composer. Many of his Parisian works were also produced in the West End and some on Broadway; the most successful had long runs and numerous international revivals. He wrote two operatic works in English, and his later output included musical comedies for Sacha Guitry and Yvonne Printemps.

As a conductor, Messager held prominent positions in Paris and London, at the head of the Opéra-Comique, the Paris Opéra, the Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire, and the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. Although as a composer he is known chiefly for his light works, as a conductor he presented a wide range of operas, from Mozart to Richard Strauss, and he acquired a reputation as a conductor of Wagner. In Paris he conducted the world premieres of Debussy's Pelléas et Mélisande, Massenet's Grisélidis and Charpentier's Louise. At Covent Garden, he gave the British premieres of operas by Saint-Saëns and Massenet.

Messager's music became known for its melodic and orchestral invention, musical craftsmanship, and characteristically French elegance and grace. Although most of his works have been infrequently revived, historians of music consider him the last major figure in French opéra comique and opérette.

Birth and Death Data: Born December 30th, 1853 (Montluçon), Died February 24th, 1929 (Paris)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1902 - 1929

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, director, conductor

Recordings (Results 26-42 of 42 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Columbia 49540 12-in. 10/23/1918 Impressions of Italy : A mules André Messager ; Paris Conservatory Symphony Orchestra Orchestra director  
Columbia 49541 12-in. 10/24/1918 Les chasseresses French Symphony Orchestra ; André Messager Orchestra director  
Columbia 59632 12-in. approximately September 1920 Duo de l'escarpolette Louis Chartier ; Blanche Gonthier Female-male vocal duet, with orchestra composer  
Columbia 75314 12-in. between October 1916 and March 1917 Escena 1a Guardia Republicana de Paris Band composer  
Columbia 75315 12-in. between October 1916 and March 1917 Tema y variaciones Guardia Republicana de Paris Band composer  
Brunswick 15121-15122 10-in. 3/11/1925 La maison grise Giuseppe Danise Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Brunswick E20634-E20635 10-in. 11/4/1926 Duetto de l’âne Blanche Archambault ; Louis Chartier Vocal duet (soprano and baritone) composer  
Brunswick E23054-E23055 10-in. 5/9/1927 La maison grise Giuseppe Danise Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Edison 520 Not documented approximately Jan. 1911 Valse des cigales Aino Ackté Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Edison 548 Not documented approximately Jan. 1911 Si j'avais vos ailes Aino Ackté Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Edison 7098 10-in. 1/8/1920 Red rose Arthur Middleton Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Edison 9028 10-in. 6/13/1923 Long ago in Alcalá Charles Albert Baker ; Arthur Middleton Male vocal solo, with piano composer  
Gramophone 344y 10-in. 2/6/1909 Ysoline (Bailete mazurka) Banda del Real Cuerpo de Guardias Alabarderos de Madrid Band composer  
Gramophone 1293F[o] 10-in. Dec. 1902 Conte bleu Jean-François Delmas Bass vocal solo, with piano composer  
Gramophone 1303F[o] 10-in. Dec. 1902 Hélas! je ne dois plus entendre Albert Piccaluga Baritone vocal solo composer  
Gramophone 1772F[o] 10-in. 1903 Fantaisie Garde Républicaine Band Band composer  
Gramophone 15880u 10-in. 6/23/1910 Isoline ballet Orchestre Symphonique du Gramophone, Paris Orchestra composer  
(Results 26-42 of 42 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Messager, André," accessed November 25, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103767.

Messager, André. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved November 25, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103767.

"Messager, André." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 25 November 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103767

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