Francisca Edwiges Neves Gonzaga, better known as Chiquinha Gonzaga (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʃiˈkiɲɐ ɡõˈzaɡɐ]; October 17, 1847, Rio de Janeiro – February 28, 1935, Rio de Janeiro) was a Brazilian composer, pianist and the first woman conductor in Brazil.
Chiquinha Gonzaga was the first pianist of "choro" and author of the first carnival march, "Ó Abre Alas "(1899). Her plays and operettas, such as Forrobodó and Jurití, were a great success with the public because they used elements of Brazilian popular culture of the time.
In the Passeio Público of Rio de Janeiro, there is a herm in her honor by the sculptor Honorius Peçanha. In May 2012, law 12624 was enacted establishing the National Day of Brazilian Popular Music, celebrated on the day of her birthday, October 17.
Birth and Death Data: Born October 17, 1847 (Rio de Janeiro), Died February 28, 1935 (Rio de Janeiro)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1907 - 1930
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, songwriter, leader
Notes: Name also appears as Francisca Gonzaga.
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 36 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||B-9260||10-in.||6/30/1910||Os namorados da lua||Mário Pinheiro||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-9262||10-in.||6/30/1910||Menina faceira||Mário Pinheiro||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-9263||10-in.||6/30/1910||D. Adelaide||Mário Pinheiro||Male vocal solo, with guitar||composer|
|Victor||50369||10-in.||7/5/1930||Sou morena||Helena de Carvalho||Female vocal solo||songwriter|
|Victor||50370||10-in.||7/5/1930||Chinelinha do meu amor||Helena de Carvalho||Female vocal solo||songwriter|
|Victor||50371||10-in.||7/5/1930||Fogo foguinho||Helena de Carvalho||Female vocal solo||songwriter|
|Victor||50405||10-in.||7/18/1930||Canção da viola||Ubirajara||Male vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||50415||10-in.||7/22/1930||Prateia a serra||Ubirajara||Male vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||[Vi cat 98811]||10-in.||Nov. 1907||Menina faceira||João Barros||Male vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||[Vi cat 98870]||10-in.||Nov. 1907 (unconfirmed)||Machuca||Olympio Nogueira ; Medina de Souza||Female-male vocal duet||composer|
|Victor||[Vi cat 98904]||10-in.||Nov. 1907||A morena||João Barros||Male vocal solo||composer|
|Columbia||11542||10-in.||between 1908 and 1912||Ondas||Mário Pinheiro||Male vocal solo||composer|
|Columbia||11650||10-in.||between 1908 and 1912||Corta-jaca||Banda do Corpo de Bombeiros do Rio de Janeiro||Band||composer|
|Columbia||11732||10-in.||between 1908 and 1912||Não perguntes||Pepa Delgado||Female vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Columbia||11769||10-in.||between 1908 and 1912||Corta-jaca (O gaúcho)||Banda do 52° de Caçadores||Band||composer|
|Columbia||11773||10-in.||between 1908 and 1912||Atraente||Chiquinha Gonzaga ; Grupo Chiquinha Gonzaga||Instrumental ensemble||composer, leader|
|Columbia||11780||10-in.||between 1908 and 1912||Sultana||Grupo Chiquinha Gonzaga||Instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Columbia||11781||10-in.||between 1908 and 1912||Corta-jaca (O gaúcho)||Grupo Chiquinha Gonzaga||Instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Columbia||11782||10-in.||between 1908 and 1912||Passos no choro||Grupo Chiquinha Gonzaga||Instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Columbia||11824||10-in.||between 1908 and 1912||Te amo!||Grupo Chiquinha Gonzaga||Instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Columbia||11825||10-in.||between 1908 and 1912||Plangente||Grupo Chiquinha Gonzaga||Instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Columbia||11828||10-in.||between 1908 and 1912||Catita||Grupo Chiquinha Gonzaga||Instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Columbia||11829||10-in.||between 1908 and 1912||Cubanita||Grupo Chiquinha Gonzaga||Instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Columbia||11878||10-in.||between 1908 and 1912||Trigueira||Almeida Cruz||Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Columbia||11886||10-in.||between 1908 and 1912||Manobras do amor||Almeida Cruz||Male vocal solo, with violão and guitar||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Gonzaga, Chiquinha," accessed October 3, 2022, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/104059.
Gonzaga, Chiquinha. (2022). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 3, 2022, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/104059.
"Gonzaga, Chiquinha." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2022. Web. 3 October 2022.
DAHR Persistent Identifier
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