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Art Tatum

Arthur Tatum Jr. (, October 13, 1909 – November 5, 1956) was an American jazz pianist.

Tatum grew up in Toledo, Ohio, where he began playing piano professionally and had his own radio program, rebroadcast nationwide, while still in his teens. He left Toledo in 1932 and had residencies as a solo pianist at clubs in major urban centers including New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles. Throughout his career, Tatum also played for long periods at night in after-hours venues – at which he was said to be more spontaneous and creative than in his regular paid performances. Tatum drank large quantities of alcohol when performing, and although it did not negatively affect his playing, it did damage his health. In the 1940s, Tatum led a commercially successful trio for a short time and began playing in more formal jazz concert settings, including at Norman Granz-produced Jazz at the Philharmonic events. Granz recorded Tatum extensively in solo and small group formats in the mid-1950s, with the last session occurring only two months before the pianist's death from uremia at the age of 47.

Tatum is widely regarded as one of the greatest jazz pianists. His playing encompassed the styles of earlier greats, while adding harmonic and rhythmic imagination and complexity. Often playing passages at high velocity, he extended what was considered possible in jazz piano and established new ground in jazz more broadly through innovative use of reharmonization, voicing, and bitonality.

Birth and Death Data: Born October 13th, 1909 (Toledo), Died November 5th, 1956 (Los Angeles)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1934 - 1944

Roles Represented in DAHR: piano, celeste

Recordings (Results 1-25 of 57 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Decca 38387 10-in. 8/22/1934 Moonglow Art Tatum instrumentalist, piano  
Decca 38388 10-in. 8/22/1934 I would do anything for you Art Tatum instrumentalist, piano  
Decca 38389 10-in. 8/22/1934 When a woman loves a man Art Tatum instrumentalist, piano  
Decca 38390 10-in. 8/22/1934 Emaline Art Tatum instrumentalist, piano  
Decca 38391 10-in. 8/22/1934 Love me Art Tatum instrumentalist, piano  
Decca 38392 10-in. 8/22/1934 Cocktails for two Art Tatum instrumentalist, piano  
Decca 38426 10-in. 8/24/1934 After you've gone Art Tatum instrumentalist, piano  
Decca 38427 10-in. 8/24/1934 Stardust Art Tatum instrumentalist, piano  
Decca 38428 10-in. 8/24/1934 I ain't got nobody Art Tatum instrumentalist, piano  
Decca 38429 10-in. 8/24/1934 Ill wind Art Tatum instrumentalist, piano  
Decca 38430 10-in. 8/24/1934 The shout Art Tatum instrumentalist, piano  
Decca 38431 10-in. 8/24/1934 Beautiful love Art Tatum instrumentalist, piano  
Decca 38432 10-in. 8/24/1934 Liza Art Tatum instrumentalist, piano  
Decca 62822 10-in. 11/29/1937 Gone with the wind Art Tatum instrumentalist, piano  
Decca 62823 10-in. 11/29/1937 Stormy weather Art Tatum instrumentalist, piano  
Decca 62824 10-in. 11/29/1937 Chloe Art Tatum instrumentalist, piano  
Decca 62825 10-in. 11/29/1937 The Sheik of Araby Art Tatum instrumentalist, piano  
Decca 68605 10-in. 1/21/1941 Wee baby blues Art Tatum and his Band instrumentalist, piano  
Decca 68606 10-in. 1/21/1941 Stompin' at the Savoy Art Tatum and his Band instrumentalist, piano  
Decca 68607 10-in. 1/21/1941 Last goodbye blues Art Tatum and his Band instrumentalist, piano  
Decca 68608 10-in. 1/21/1941 Battery bounce Art Tatum and his Band instrumentalist, piano  
Decca 69356 10-in. 6/13/1941 Lucille Art Tatum and his Band instrumentalist, piano  
Decca 69357 10-in. 6/13/1941 Rock me Mama Art Tatum and his Band instrumentalist, piano  
Decca 69358 10-in. 6/13/1941 Corrine, Corrina Art Tatum and his Band instrumentalist, piano  
Decca 69359 10-in. 6/13/1941 Lonesome graveyard blues Art Tatum and his Band instrumentalist, piano  
(Results 1-25 of 57 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Tatum, Art," accessed January 22, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/104444.

Tatum, Art. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved January 22, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/104444.

"Tatum, Art." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 22 January 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/104444

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