Arthur Tatum Jr. (, October 13, 1909 – November 5, 1956) was an American jazz pianist.
Tatum grew up in Toledo, Ohio, where he began playing piano professionally and had his own radio program, rebroadcast nationwide, while still in his teens. He left Toledo in 1932 and had residencies as a solo pianist at clubs in major urban centers including New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles. Throughout his career, Tatum also played for long periods at night in after-hours venues – at which he was said to be more spontaneous and creative than in his regular paid performances. Tatum drank large quantities of alcohol when performing, and although it did not negatively affect his playing, it did damage his health. In the 1940s, Tatum led a commercially successful trio for a short time and began playing in more formal jazz concert settings, including at Norman Granz-produced Jazz at the Philharmonic events. Granz recorded Tatum extensively in solo and small group formats in the mid-1950s, with the last session occurring only two months before the pianist's death from uremia at the age of 47.
Tatum is widely regarded as one of the greatest jazz pianists. His playing encompassed the styles of earlier greats, while adding harmonic and rhythmic imagination and complexity. Often playing passages at high velocity, he extended what was considered possible in jazz piano and established new ground in jazz more broadly through innovative use of reharmonization, voicing, and bitonality.
Birth and Death Data: Born October 13th, 1909 (Toledo), Died November 5th, 1956 (Los Angeles)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1934 - 1944
Roles Represented in DAHR: piano, celeste
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 57 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Decca||38387||10-in.||8/22/1934||Moonglow||Art Tatum||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||38388||10-in.||8/22/1934||I would do anything for you||Art Tatum||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||38389||10-in.||8/22/1934||When a woman loves a man||Art Tatum||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||38390||10-in.||8/22/1934||Emaline||Art Tatum||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||38391||10-in.||8/22/1934||Love me||Art Tatum||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||38392||10-in.||8/22/1934||Cocktails for two||Art Tatum||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||38426||10-in.||8/24/1934||After you've gone||Art Tatum||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||38427||10-in.||8/24/1934||Stardust||Art Tatum||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||38428||10-in.||8/24/1934||I ain't got nobody||Art Tatum||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||38429||10-in.||8/24/1934||Ill wind||Art Tatum||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||38430||10-in.||8/24/1934||The shout||Art Tatum||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||38431||10-in.||8/24/1934||Beautiful love||Art Tatum||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||38432||10-in.||8/24/1934||Liza||Art Tatum||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||62822||10-in.||11/29/1937||Gone with the wind||Art Tatum||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||62823||10-in.||11/29/1937||Stormy weather||Art Tatum||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||62824||10-in.||11/29/1937||Chloe||Art Tatum||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||62825||10-in.||11/29/1937||The Sheik of Araby||Art Tatum||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||68605||10-in.||1/21/1941||Wee baby blues||Art Tatum and his Band||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||68606||10-in.||1/21/1941||Stompin' at the Savoy||Art Tatum and his Band||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||68607||10-in.||1/21/1941||Last goodbye blues||Art Tatum and his Band||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||68608||10-in.||1/21/1941||Battery bounce||Art Tatum and his Band||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||69356||10-in.||6/13/1941||Lucille||Art Tatum and his Band||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||69357||10-in.||6/13/1941||Rock me Mama||Art Tatum and his Band||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||69358||10-in.||6/13/1941||Corrine, Corrina||Art Tatum and his Band||instrumentalist, piano|
|Decca||69359||10-in.||6/13/1941||Lonesome graveyard blues||Art Tatum and his Band||instrumentalist, piano|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Tatum, Art," accessed January 22, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/104444.
Tatum, Art. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved January 22, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/104444.
"Tatum, Art." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 22 January 2021.
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