Oskar Merikanto

Frans Oskar Merikanto (pronunciation ) (5 August 1868, Helsinki  – 17 February 1924) was a Finnish musician and composer.

He was the son of Frans Ferdinand Kanto from Jalasjärvi, Southern Ostrobothnia. Frans got a Swedish-language surname, Mattsson, when he joined the Finnish army. He changed the name in 1882. Meri means "sea" and refers to his voyage from Vaasa to Helsinki; Kanto refers to his origins from the estate Kanto.

He studied for some time at the Leipzig Conservatory in Germany, where his teachers were Carl Reinecke, Theodor Coccius, Robert Papperitz, Willy Rechenberg and Gustav Schreck.

He was notable for his variety of talents – he gave concerts all around Finland, performing on the piano and organ, conducting orchestras, and composing original music. Some of his most beloved compositions are Där björkarna susa, and the waltz Kesäilta (Summernight's Waltz).

Merikanto's style is reminiscent of Finnish folk songs, but has its basis in Italian bel canto.

He died in Hausjärvi-Oitti.

His son Aarre Merikanto is one of the most notable Finnish composers.

Birth and Death Data: Born August 5th, 1868 (Helsinki), Died February 17th, 1924 (Oitti)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1907 - 1930

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

Recordings (Results 1-25 of 36 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor B-4655 10-in. 7/9/1907 Tula tuulan tula tuli tei John M. Eriksen Male vocal solo, unaccompanied composer  
Victor B-9174 10-in. 7/18/1910 Soi vienosti murheeni soitto Juho Koskelo Male vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-9184 10-in. 7/18/1910 Itkevä huilu Juho Koskelo Male vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-9185 10-in. 7/18/1910 Miksi laulan Juho Koskelo Male vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-9186 10-in. 7/18/1910 Kun päivä paistaa Juho Koskelo Male vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-9198 10-in. 7/20/1910 Oi muistatko vielä sen virren Juho Koskelo Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-9318 10-in. 7/21/1910 Reppurin laulu Juho Koskelo Male vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-17920 10-in. 6/23/1916 Pai pai paitaressu Elli Suokas Female vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-17921 10-in. 6/23/1916 Tuuti, mun vauvani, nukkukaa! [Baby go to sleep] Elli Suokas Female vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-20113 10-in. 6/13/1917 Sommarkväll Fritz Aase ; Hugo Johnson Accordion duet composer  
Victor B-23154 10-in. 9/15/1919 Lauluja Tukkijoella Juho Koskelo Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-23155 10-in. 9/15/1919 Vallinkorvan laulu Juho Koskelo Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-25874 10-in. 12/16/1921 Pai, pai, paitaressu Maikki Järnefelt-Palmgren Female vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-27045 10-in. 10/20/1922 A fairy story by the fire John McCormack Tenor vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor BVE-35048 10-in. 3/11/1926 Där björkorna susa H. William Nordin Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-38692 10-in. 6/14/1927 Der björkarna susa Folke Andersson Male vocal solo, with violin, cello, and piano composer  
Victor BVE-40473 10-in. 11/30/1927 Merellä Aino Saari Female vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-45207 10-in. 5/24/1928 Hennan keinulaulu Lilly Leeman-Lehtimäki Female vocal solo, with violin, cello, and piano composer  
Victor BVE-46918 10-in. 8/20/1928 Vanha mummo Volpi Leuto Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BVE-50920 10-in. 3/7/1929 Soipa kieli Volpi Leuto ; Margherita Violante Female-male vocal duet, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BVE-50921 10-in. 3/7/1929 Aiti ja kulkuripoika Volpi Leuto ; Margherita Violante Female-male vocal duet, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BVE-50923 10-in. 3/7/1929 Oi kiitos sa luojani armollinen Volpi Leuto ; Margherita Violante Female-male vocal duet, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BVE-58596 10-in. 2/21/1930 A fairy story by the fire John McCormack Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor [Trial 1928-04-19-02] 10-in. 4/19/1928 Hennan keinulaulu Lilly Leeman-Lehtimäki Female vocal solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 19157 10-in. 12/12/1910 Itkevä huilu Juho Koskelo Male vocal solo composer  
(Results 1-25 of 36 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Merikanto, Oskar," accessed June 18, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/104709.

Merikanto, Oskar. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved June 18, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/104709.

"Merikanto, Oskar." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 18 June 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/104709

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