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Miguel Fleta

Miguel Burro Fleta (28 December 1897, Albalate de Cinca, Huesca Province, Aragon, Spain - 29 May 1938, A Coruña) was a Spanish operatic tenor.

Despite his short stage career, lasting from 1919 to 1935, Fleta has been described as one of the most significant Iberian opera singers of the 20th century. Among the important international venues at which he sang were La Scala, Milan, (in 1923-26) and the New York Metropolitan Opera (in 1923-25). Additionally, in 1926, he had the honour of creating the role of Calaf in Puccini's posthumously-premiered final opera, Turandot, at the insistence of La Scala's principal conductor, Arturo Toscanini. But this taxing dramatic role took him to the limit of his resources and he did not attempt it again.

Fleta made his operatic debut in Trieste in 1919, having previously studied voice at the Madrid conservatory. Successful engagements in Rome followed, leading to his La Scala and Met debuts. He quit the Met in acrimonious circumstances, however, and the resultant legal action stopped him performing again in the United States.

He was celebrated during his best years for the finesse with which he used his rich, flexible voice. The most notable aspect of his performance style was the nimbleness of his bel canto technique. This enabled him to produce spectacular messa di voce and pianissimo effects. Unfortunately, Fleta's singing became increasingly self-indulgent as his career progressed. By the late 1920s, as recordings show, his voice had deteriorated badly, with his vibrato loosening to an undesirable extent.

Fleta died in straitened circumstances in 1938. He nonetheless left a legacy of sometimes fascinating records, many of which are available on CD reissues.

Birth and Death Data: Born January 1st, 1897 (Albalate de Cinca), Died January 1st, 1938 (A Coruña)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1922 - 1928

Roles Represented in DAHR: tenor vocal

Recordings

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor B-29265 10-in. 1/9/1924 E lucevan le stelle Miguel Fleta Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Victor B-29266 10-in. 1/9/1924 La donna è mobile Miguel Fleta Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Victor B-29267 10-in. 1/9/1924 ¡Adiós trigueña! Miguel Fleta Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Victor B-29284 10-in. 1/14/1924 Mi tierra Miguel Fleta Tenor vocal solo, with violin, flute, and orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Victor C-29285 12-in. 1/14/1924 Duetto delle ciliege Lucrezia Bori ; Miguel Fleta Vocal duet (soprano and tenor), with piano and orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Victor C-29286 12-in. 1/14/1924 Parle-moi de ma mère Lucrezia Bori ; Miguel Fleta Vocal duet (soprano and tenor), with piano, harp, and orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Victor B-31577 10-in. 1/6/1925 Amapola Miguel Fleta Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Victor B-31578 10-in. 1/6/1925 Bimba, non t'avvicinar Miguel Fleta Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Gramophone BE388 10-in. 4/14/1922 Te quiero Miguel Fleta Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Gramophone CJ1234 12-in. 2/15/1928 No sabes tú que yo tenía Miguel Fleta ; Matilde Revenga ; Emilio Sagi-Barba Vocal trio (soprano, tenor, and baritone), with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Gramophone CJ1235 12-in. 2/15/1928 Tú que lo sabes ... En las alas del deseo Miguel Fleta ; Matilde Revenga ; Emilio Sagi-Barba Vocal trio (soprano, tenor, and baritone), with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Gramophone BS1249 10-in. 4/5/1924 La fematera Miguel Fleta Tenor vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble vocalist, tenor vocal  
Gramophone BS1250 10-in. 4/5/1924 Jota Miguel Fleta Tenor vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble vocalist, tenor vocal  
Gramophone Cs1674 12-in. 4/15/1924 Flor roja Miguel Fleta Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Gramophone Cs1675 12-in. 4/16/1924 Mujer fatal Miguel Fleta Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Gramophone Bb2843 10-in. 4/17/1923 A te, o cara, amore talora Miguel Fleta Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  
Gramophone Bb2844 10-in. 4/17/1923 La donna è mobile Miguel Fleta Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra vocalist, tenor vocal  

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Fleta, Miguel," accessed November 24, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/105084.

Fleta, Miguel. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved November 24, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/105084.

"Fleta, Miguel." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 24 November 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/105084

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