Horace W. Henderson (November 22, 1904 – August 29, 1988), the younger brother of Fletcher Henderson, was an American jazz pianist, organist, arranger, and bandleader.
Henderson was born in Cuthbert, Georgia. While later attending Wilberforce University he formed a band called the Collegians, which included Benny Carter and Rex Stewart. This band was later known as the Horace Henderson Orchestra and then as the Dixie Stompers. Henderson left it to work with Sammy Stewart, then in 1928 organized a new band called the Collegians. Don Redman took over this band in 1931; Henderson continued to work as the band's pianist and arranger before leaving to work for his brother.
Fletcher Henderson's book contained about as many of Horace's arrangements as of Fletcher's. Although Horace worked continually, led bands, arranged, recorded, and composed into the 1980s, and although he is considered by many the more talented and skillful of the Henderson brothers, Fletcher remained more popular and accomplished more in the field.
Horace Henderson arranged for many other jazz musicians of the era. Among his other clients for arrangements were Charlie Barnet, the Casa Loma Orchestra, Tommy Dorsey, Benny Goodman, Earl Hines, and Jimmie Lunceford. His best-known arrangements were of his own "Hot and Anxious" (part of which became the main theme of "In The Mood") and "Christopher Columbus", of which he was one of the writers (but never received credit). He also wrote another popular instrumental of the big band era titled "Big John's Special". These were three important compositions of the period.
At different times in his career, Horace was pianist and musical director for both Lena Horne and Billie Holiday.
Birth and Death Data: Born November 22nd, 1904 (Cuthbert), Died August 29th, 1988 (Denver)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1930 - 1952
Roles Represented in DAHR: piano, arranger, composer, lyricist
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 67 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||BS-100360||10-in.||4/9/1936||I'm a fool for loving you||Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||BS-100361||10-in.||4/9/1936||Moonrise on the lowlands||Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||BS-100362||10-in.||4/9/1936||I'll always be in love with you||Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||BS-100363||10-in.||4/9/1936||Jangled nerves||Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||BS-100560||10-in.||5/23/1936||Riffin'||Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||BS-100885||10-in.||8/4/1936||Knock, knock, who's there?||Ed Cuffee ; Roy Eldridge ; Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal duet||arranger|
|Victor||BS-023508||10-in.||5/28/1938||Big John special||Benny Goodman Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||BS-046738||10-in.||1/29/1940||Rug cutter's swing||Glenn Miller Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||BS-063833||10-in.||4/29/1941||Ponce de Leon||Charlie Barnet Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||BS-063834||10-in.||4/29/1941||Little dip||Charlie Barnet Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Columbia||W151443||10-in.||3/19/1931||Hot and anxious||Baltimore Bell Hops||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Columbia||W151444||10-in.||3/19/1931||Comin' and going||Baltimore Bell Hops||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Columbia||W265135||10-in.||9/22/1933||Queer notions-1||Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra||instrumentalist, piano, arranger|
|Columbia||W265136||10-in.||9/22/1933||It's the talk of the town||Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra||arranger|
|Columbia||W265137||10-in.||9/22/1933||Night life-3||Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra||arranger|
|Columbia||W265138||10-in.||9/22/1933||Nagasaki-2||Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra||arranger|
|Columbia||W265144||10-in.||9/29/1933||Jamaica shout-1||Coleman Hawkins Orchestra||instrumentalist, piano, arranger|
|Columbia||W265150||10-in.||10/3/1933||Happy feet||Horace Henderson Orchestra||arranger|
|Columbia||W265151||10-in.||10/3/1933||I'm rhythm crazy now-1||Horace Henderson Orchestra||instrumentalist, piano, arranger|
|Columbia||W265152||10-in.||10/3/1933||Old man river||Horace Henderson Orchestra||arranger|
|Columbia||W265153||10-in.||10/3/1933||Minnie the moocher's wedding day-1||Horace Henderson Orchestra||instrumentalist, piano, arranger|
|Columbia||W265154||10-in.||10/3/1933||Ain't cha glad?-1||Horace Henderson Orchestra||instrumentalist, piano, arranger|
|Columbia||W265155||10-in.||10/3/1933||I've got to sing a torch song||Horace Henderson Orchestra||arranger|
|OKeh||W404566||10-in.||12/4/1930||Goodbye blues||Chocolate Dandies||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||instrumentalist, piano|
|OKeh||W404596||10-in.||12/30/1930||Cloudy skies||Chocolate Dandies||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, piano|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Henderson, Horace," accessed July 23, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/106935.
Henderson, Horace. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved July 23, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/106935.
"Henderson, Horace." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 23 July 2021.
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