Kalākaua (November 16, 1836 – January 20, 1891), born David Laʻamea Kamananakapu Mahinulani Naloiaehuokalani Lumialani Kalākaua and sometimes called The Merrie Monarch, was the last king and penultimate monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi. Succeeding Lunalilo, he was elected to the vacant throne of Hawaiʻi against Queen Emma. He reigned from February 12, 1874, until his death in San Francisco, California, on January 20, 1891. Kalākaua had a convivial personality and enjoyed entertaining guests with his singing and ukulele playing. At his coronation and his birthday jubilee, the hula that had been banned from public in the kingdom became a celebration of Hawaiian culture.
During his reign, the Reciprocity Treaty of 1875 brought great prosperity to the kingdom. Its renewal continued the prosperity but allowed the United States to have exclusive use of Pearl Harbor. In 1881, he took a trip around the world to encourage the immigration of contract sugar plantation workers. Kalākaua wanted Hawaiians to broaden their education beyond their nation. He instituted a government-financed program to sponsor qualified students to be sent abroad to further their education. Two of Kalākaua's projects, the statue of Kamehameha I and the rebuilding of ʻIolani Palace, were expensive endeavors but are popular tourist attractions today.
Extravagant expenditures and his plans for a Polynesian confederation played into the hands of annexationists who were already working towards a United States takeover of Hawaiʻi. In 1887, he was pressured to sign a new constitution that made the monarchy little more than a figurehead position. He had faith in his sister Liliʻuokalani's abilities to rule as regent when he named her as his heir-apparent following the death of their brother, William Pitt Leleiohoku, in 1877. After his death, she became the last monarch of Hawaiʻi.
Birth and Death Data: Born 1836 (Honolulu), Died 1891 (San Francisco)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1908 - 1935
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, lyricist, songwriter
Notes: King David Kalakaua wrote some songs under the pseudonym "Figgs"
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||B-6555||10-in.||10/16/1908||Akahi hoi||Genevra Johnstone-Bishop||Female vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-13140||10-in.||4/16/1913||Akahi hoi||Hawaiian Quintette||Male vocal quintet, with instrumental quintet (Hawaiian)||composer|
|Victor||B-15342||10-in.||11/5/1914||Huila o Kilauea||Toots Paka Hawaiian Troupe||Vocal and instrumental ensemble (Hawaiian)||composer, lyricist|
|Victor||B-15354||10-in.||11/6/1914||Akahi hoi||Toots Paka Hawaiian Troupe||Vocal and instrumental ensemble (Hawaiian)||composer|
|Victor||B-19192||10-in.||2/19/1917||Hawaiian medley no. 1||E. K. Rose||Guitar solo (Hawaiian)||composer|
|Victor||B-19193||10-in.||2/19/1917||Hawaiian medley no. 2||E. K. Rose||Guitar solo (Hawaiian)||lyricist|
|Victor||PBVE-42047||10-in.||3/2/1928||Alekoki||Kane's Hawaiians||Vocal and instrumental ensemble (Hawaiian)||lyricist|
|Victor||BS-75276||10-in.||2/22/1933||Alekoki||Noi Lane Hawaiian Orchestra||Instrumental ensemble, with female vocal solo and vocal trio (Hawaiian)||lyricist|
|Victor||BVE-89003||10-in.||3/13/1935||Alekoki||Royal Hawaiian Girls Glee Club||Female vocal chorus, with instrumental ensemble (Hawaiian)||lyricist|
|Victor||BVE-89133||10-in.||4/10/1935||Hawaii ponoi||Royal Hawaiian Band||Band (Hawaiian)||lyricist|
|Columbia||W145908||10-in.||3/24/1928||Alekoki||Sol Hoopii's Novelty Trio||Instrumental trio, with male vocal ensemble (Hawaiian)||lyricist|
|Columbia||W146663||10-in.||5/20/1928||Sweet lei lehua||Ernest Halbron||Male vocal solo, with male vocal chorus||composer|
|Columbia||W146709||10-in.||5/29/1928||Alekoki||Lizzie Alohikea||Female vocal solo, with vocal chorus and instrumental ensemble (Hawaiian)||lyricist|
|Columbia||W147454||10-in.||11/9/1928||Sweet lei lehua||Frank Ferera's Hawaiian Trio ; Annette Hanshaw||Instrumental trio (Hawaiian), with female vocal solo||composer|
|Columbia||W149813||10-in.||2/11/1930||Koni e koni au||Keaumoku Louis and his Tropical Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo and male vocal ensemble (Hawaiian)||composer|
|OKeh||S-71001||10-in.||Nov. 1922||Hawaii ponoi||Prince Lei Lani||Male vocal solo, with instrumental trio||lyricist|
|OKeh||[OK cat 1171-A]||10-in.||approximately 1918-1919||Sweet Lei Lehua||Hawaiian Troupe||Instrumental ensemble (Hawaiian)||composer|
|Brunswick||LAE113||10-in.||Mar. 1928||Sweet lei lehua||David Burrows Trio ; Johnny Noble's Hawaiians ; Ray Kinney||Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo and steel guitar trio||lyricist, composer|
|Brunswick||[Br cat 55022-b]||10-in.||Mar. 1928||Sweet lei lehua||Johnny Noble's Hawaiians ; Kamakau Glee Club ; Ray Kinney||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo and vocal chorus (Hawaiian)||lyricist, composer|
|Edison||2931||10-in.||4/6/1914||Akahi hoi||Toots Paka's Hawaiians||Vocal and instrumental ensemble (Hawaiian)||composer|
|Edison||5104||10-in.||10/27/1916||Akahi hoi||Ford Hawaiians||Male vocal solo and male vocal ensemble, with instrumental ensemble (Hawaiian)||composer|
|Edison||9640||10-in.||7/23/1924||Sweet lei lehua||Anna Case||Soprano vocal solo, with instrumental duet||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Kalakaua, David," accessed December 3, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/106947.
Kalakaua, David. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 3, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/106947.
"Kalakaua, David." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 3 December 2020.
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