Joseph Copeland Garland (August 15, 1903, Norfolk, Virginia – April 21, 1977, Teaneck, New Jersey) was an American jazz saxophonist, composer, and arranger, best known for writing "In the Mood".
Garland studied music at Shaw University and the Aeolian Conservatory. He started by playing classical music but joined a jazz band, Graham Jackson's Seminole Syncopators, in 1924, where he first recorded. He had a long run of associations as a sideman on saxophone and clarinet, with Elmer Snowden (1925), Joe Steele, Henri Saparo, Leon Abbey (including a tour of South America), Charlie Skeete and Jelly Roll Morton in the 1920s. The 1930s saw him playing with Bobby Neal (1931) and the Mills Blue Rhythm Band; he was both a performer and an arranger for the Blue Rhythm Band from 1932 to 1936, when Lucky Millinder replaced him. Following this he played with Edgar Hayes (1937), Don Redman (1938), and Louis Armstrong (1939–42). In the 1940s he played with Claude Hopkins and others, and then returned to Armstrong's band from 1945-47. Following this he played with Herbie Fields, Hopkins again, and Earl Hines (1948). In the 1950s, he went into semi-retirement.
Garland wrote a number of well-known swing jazz hits, including "Serenade To A Savage" for Artie Shaw (one of Shaw's gold records) and "Leap Frog" for bandleader Les Brown.
Joe had a Daughter named Joanne Garland-Tyler born October 27, 1943 she moved to Kalamazoo, Michigan in the late 60's.
Birth and Death Data: Born August 15th, 1903 (Norfolk), Died April 21st, 1977 (Teaneck)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1928 - 1942
Roles Represented in DAHR: tenor saxophone, saxophone, baritone saxophone, bass saxophone, clarinet, arranger, composer
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 69 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||BVE-48433||10-in.||12/6/1928||Everybody loves my honey now||Jelly Roll Morton ; Red Hot Peppers||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Victor||BVE-48434||10-in.||12/6/1928||Red hot pepper||Jelly Roll Morton ; Red Hot Peppers||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Victor||BVE-48435||10-in.||12/6/1928||Deep creek||Jelly Roll Morton ; Red Hot Peppers||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Victor||BVE-48436||10-in.||12/6/1928||You oughter see my gal||Jelly Roll Morton ; Red Hot Peppers||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Victor||BS-78096||10-in.||10/5/1933||Harlem after mid-night||Mills Blue Rhythm Band||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||BS-80278||10-in.||2/20/1934||The stuff is here||Mills Blue Rhythm Band||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||BS-030354||10-in.||12/6/1938||I got ya||Don Redman Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||instrumentalist, saxophone|
|Victor||BS-030355||10-in.||12/6/1938||I'm playing solitaire||Don Redman Orchestra ; Quentin Jackson||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||instrumentalist, saxophone|
|Victor||BS-030356||10-in.||12/6/1938||Auld lang syne||Don Redman Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with vocal ensemble||instrumentalist, saxophone|
|Victor||BS-030357||10-in.||12/6/1938||Sweet Leilani||Don Redman Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with vocal ensemble||instrumentalist, saxophone|
|Victor||BS-030358||10-in.||12/6/1938||'Deed I do||Don Redman Orchestra ; Laurel Watson||Jazz/dance band, with female vocal solo and vocal ensemble||instrumentalist, saxophone|
|Victor||BS-030359||10-in.||12/6/1938||Down home rag||Don Redman Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, saxophone|
|Victor||PBS-036269||10-in.||6/12/1939||Serenade to a savage||Artie Shaw Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||BS-038170||10-in.||8/1/1939||In the mood||Glenn Miller Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||BAVE-039527||10-in.||before 11/25/1940||De buen humor||Marimba "Alma Salvadoreña"||Marimba band, with saxophone trio||composer|
|Victor||PBS-042247||10-in.||11/13/1939||In the mood||Four King Sisters ; Alvino Rey||Female vocal quartet, with jazz/dance band||composer|
|Decca||62217||10-in.||5/25/1937||Caravan||Edgar Hayes Orchestra||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Decca||62218||10-in.||5/25/1937||Edgar steps out||Edgar Hayes Orchestra||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Decca||62219||10-in.||5/25/1937||Laughing at life||Edgar Hayes Orchestra||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Decca||62220||10-in.||5/25/1937||Stomping at the Renny||Edgar Hayes Orchestra||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Decca||62450||10-in.||7/27/1937||Laughing at life||Edgar Hayes Orchestra||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Decca||62451||10-in.||7/27/1937||High, wide and handsome||Edgar Hayes Orchestra||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Decca||62452||10-in.||7/27/1937||Satan takes a holiday||Edgar Hayes Orchestra||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Decca||62675||10-in.||10/11/1937||Queen Isabella||Edgar Hayes Orchestra||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Decca||62676||10-in.||10/11/1937||Old King Cole||Edgar Hayes Orchestra||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Garland, Joe," accessed September 19, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/110565.
Garland, Joe. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved September 19, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/110565.
"Garland, Joe." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 19 September 2021.
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