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Joe Garland

Joseph Copeland Garland (August 15, 1903, Norfolk, Virginia – April 21, 1977, Teaneck, New Jersey) was an American jazz saxophonist, composer, and arranger, best known for writing "In the Mood".

Garland studied music at Shaw University and the Aeolian Conservatory. He started by playing classical music but joined a jazz band, Graham Jackson's Seminole Syncopators, in 1924, where he first recorded. He had a long run of associations as a sideman on saxophone and clarinet, with Elmer Snowden (1925), Joe Steele, Henri Saparo, Leon Abbey (including a tour of South America), Charlie Skeete and Jelly Roll Morton in the 1920s. The 1930s saw him playing with Bobby Neal (1931) and the Mills Blue Rhythm Band; he was both a performer and an arranger for the Blue Rhythm Band from 1932 to 1936, when Lucky Millinder replaced him. Following this he played with Edgar Hayes (1937), Don Redman (1938), and Louis Armstrong (1939–42). In the 1940s he played with Claude Hopkins and others, and then returned to Armstrong's band from 1945-47. Following this he played with Herbie Fields, Hopkins again, and Earl Hines (1948). In the 1950s, he went into semi-retirement.

Garland wrote a number of well-known swing jazz hits, including "Serenade To A Savage" for Artie Shaw (one of Shaw's gold records) and "Leap Frog" for bandleader Les Brown.

Joe had a Daughter named Joanne Garland-Tyler born October 27, 1943 she moved to Kalamazoo, Michigan in the late 60's.

Birth and Death Data: Born August 15th, 1903 (Norfolk), Died April 21st, 1977 (Teaneck)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1928 - 1942

Roles Represented in DAHR: tenor saxophone, saxophone, baritone saxophone, bass saxophone, clarinet, arranger, composer

Recordings (Results 1-25 of 69 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor BVE-48433 10-in. 12/6/1928 Everybody loves my honey now Jelly Roll Morton ; Red Hot Peppers Jazz/dance band instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Victor BVE-48434 10-in. 12/6/1928 Red hot pepper Jelly Roll Morton ; Red Hot Peppers Jazz/dance band instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Victor BVE-48435 10-in. 12/6/1928 Deep creek Jelly Roll Morton ; Red Hot Peppers Jazz/dance band instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Victor BVE-48436 10-in. 12/6/1928 You oughter see my gal Jelly Roll Morton ; Red Hot Peppers Jazz/dance band instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Victor BS-78096 10-in. 10/5/1933 Harlem after mid-night Mills Blue Rhythm Band Jazz/dance band composer  
Victor BS-80278 10-in. 2/20/1934 The stuff is here Mills Blue Rhythm Band Jazz/dance band composer  
Victor BS-030354 10-in. 12/6/1938 I got ya Don Redman Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, saxophone  
Victor BS-030355 10-in. 12/6/1938 I'm playing solitaire Don Redman Orchestra ; Quentin Jackson Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, saxophone  
Victor BS-030356 10-in. 12/6/1938 Auld lang syne Don Redman Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with vocal ensemble instrumentalist, saxophone  
Victor BS-030357 10-in. 12/6/1938 Sweet Leilani Don Redman Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with vocal ensemble instrumentalist, saxophone  
Victor BS-030358 10-in. 12/6/1938 'Deed I do Don Redman Orchestra ; Laurel Watson Jazz/dance band, with female vocal solo and vocal ensemble instrumentalist, saxophone  
Victor BS-030359 10-in. 12/6/1938 Down home rag Don Redman Orchestra Jazz/dance band instrumentalist, saxophone  
Victor PBS-036269 10-in. 6/12/1939 Serenade to a savage Artie Shaw Orchestra Jazz/dance band composer  
Victor BS-038170 10-in. 8/1/1939 In the mood Glenn Miller Orchestra Jazz/dance band composer  
Victor BAVE-039527 10-in. before 11/25/1940 De buen humor Marimba "Alma Salvadoreña" Marimba band, with saxophone trio composer  
Victor PBS-042247 10-in. 11/13/1939 In the mood Four King Sisters ; Alvino Rey Female vocal quartet, with jazz/dance band composer  
Decca 62217 10-in. 5/25/1937 Caravan Edgar Hayes Orchestra instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Decca 62218 10-in. 5/25/1937 Edgar steps out Edgar Hayes Orchestra instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Decca 62219 10-in. 5/25/1937 Laughing at life Edgar Hayes Orchestra instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Decca 62220 10-in. 5/25/1937 Stomping at the Renny Edgar Hayes Orchestra instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Decca 62450 10-in. 7/27/1937 Laughing at life Edgar Hayes Orchestra instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Decca 62451 10-in. 7/27/1937 High, wide and handsome Edgar Hayes Orchestra instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Decca 62452 10-in. 7/27/1937 Satan takes a holiday Edgar Hayes Orchestra instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Decca 62675 10-in. 10/11/1937 Queen Isabella Edgar Hayes Orchestra instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Decca 62676 10-in. 10/11/1937 Old King Cole Edgar Hayes Orchestra instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
(Results 1-25 of 69 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Garland, Joe," accessed November 30, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/110565.

Garland, Joe. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved November 30, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/110565.

"Garland, Joe." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 30 November 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/110565

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