Charles Adams Prince
Charles Adams Prince (1869 – October 10, 1937) was an American conductor, bandleader, pianist and organist known for conducting the Columbia Orchestra and, later, Prince's Band and Orchestra. He made his first recordings, as a pianist, in 1891 for the New York Phonograph Company. Later in the 1890s he worked as a musical director for Columbia Records. He also conducted the Columbia Orchestra and Columbia Band starting in 1904 as the successor of the cornetist Tom Clark.
In 1905, Prince assembled the ensembles Prince's Band, Prince's Orchestra, and the Banda Espanola. They principally recorded for Columbia's disc releases and performed much of the same music as the Columbia Band, which was given over for cylinder recording to the veteran flutist and conductor George Schweinfest. Prince's own composition, "The Barbary Rag", was recorded by the band in 1913.
Prince's Band was the first to record many compositions that became jazz standards. Their version of W. C. Handy's "Saint Louis Blues" in 1915 is the first known recording of the song. It took the band two sessions to record a successful take, which was considered unusual considering the talent of the band and its leader. Another song by Handy, "The Memphis Blues", was recorded by Prince's Band in 1914, a week after its first recording by the Victor Military Band. Other standards introduced by the band are Porter Steele's "High Society" (1911) and Lew Pollack and Ray Gilbert's "That's a Plenty" (1914). His band also played the popular instrumental "Too Much Mustard" released by Columbia and Sears's Oxford Records.
Prince recorded as a solo celeste player under the name Charles Adams. As such, his recording of "Silver Threads Among the Gold" was popular.
At Columbia, Prince also showed initiative in expanding the company's "classical" orchestral catalogue and in experimenting with the size of ensembles that acoustic recording equipment could capture. In October 1910 he conducted an abbreviated version of Franz Schubert's Symphony No. 8 in B Minor, popularly known as the Unfinished Symphony, on two sides of a 12-inch disc (released as Columbia A 5267), which was the first orchestral recording of any part of a symphony. He assembled a 90-piece orchestra to record the overture to Richard Wagner's opera Rienzi in February 1917 (released as Columbia A 6006), which was the largest ensemble commercially recorded to that date. Prince's last recording for Columbia was in 1922. He then changed labels to Puritan Records and later to Victor Records, where he worked as associate musical director.
Prince was related to the U.S. presidents John Adams and John Quincy Adams.
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Birth and Death Data: Born 1869, Died October 10, 1937
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1903 - 1927
Roles Represented in DAHR: conductor, director, piano, arranger, composer, celeste, lyricist, xylophone, organ
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 553 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||C-9638||12-in.||11/11/1910||Murmuring zephyrs||John Barnes Wells||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Victor||B-13776||10-in.||9/15/1913||Sun of my soul||Helen Clark||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||conductor|
|Victor||BVE-14513||10-in.||4/10/1925||Serenade||Florentine Quartet||Instrumental quartet||director|
|Victor||BVE-15465||10-in.||6/9/1925||Abide with me||Elsie Baker ; Olive Kline||Female vocal duet, with orchestra||director|
|Victor||CVE-16128||12-in.||3/25/1925||Dream faces||Clarence Whitehill||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||director|
|Victor||C-16128||12-in.||6/22/1915||Dream faces||Clarence Whitehill||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||conductor|
|Victor||CVE-16129||12-in.||3/25/1925||Some day||Clarence Whitehill||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||director|
|Victor||C-16129||12-in.||6/22/1915||Some day||Clarence Whitehill||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||conductor|
|Victor||B-20341||10-in.||7/16/1917||'Tis but a little faded flower||Clarence Whitehill||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||conductor|
|Victor||B-20605||10-in.||8/8/1917||Clancy's minstrels||Avon Comedy Four||Comic scene and male vocal quartet, with orchestra||conductor|
|Victor||BVE-21697||10-in.||5/22/1925||I need Thee every hour||Henry Burr ; Albert Campbell||Male vocal duet, with orchestra||director|
|Victor||B-22699||10-in.||4/22/1919||The meeting of the waters||Merle Alcock||Female vocal solo, with harp and orchestra||conductor|
|Victor||B-28493||10-in.||9/21/1923||Pesca d'ammore||Tito Schipa||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||conductor|
|Victor||B-29459||10-in.||2/11/1924||Afterwards||Kathryn Meisle||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||conductor|
|Victor||B-29460||10-in.||2/11/1924||Three fishers went sailing||Kathryn Meisle||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||conductor|
|Victor||B-29615||10-in.||3/3/1924||For you alone||Richard Crooks||Tenor vocal solo, with violin and orchestra||conductor|
|Victor||B-29616||10-in.||3/3/1924||Love is mine||Richard Crooks||Tenor vocal solo, with violin and orchestra||conductor|
|Victor||B-29618||10-in.||3/4/1924||The rosary||Shannon Quartet||Male vocal quartet, with celeste and chimes||conductor|
|Victor||C-29637||12-in.||5/5/1924||Vieni la mia vendetta||José Mardones||Bass vocal solo, with orchestra||conductor|
|Victor||B-29662||10-in.||3/13/1924||Anchored||Wilfred Glenn||Male vocal solo, with harp and orchestra||conductor|
|Victor||B-29895||10-in.||4/18/1924||Heav'n, Heav'n||Marian Anderson||Contralto vocal solo, with harp and orchestra||conductor|
|Victor||B-29896||10-in.||4/18/1924||Go down Moses||Marian Anderson||Contralto vocal solo, with harp and orchestra||conductor|
|Victor||B-30033||10-in.||5/1/1924||Crnogorac, crnogorki||Josip Batistić||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||conductor|
|Victor||B-30034||10-in.||5/1/1924||Tiho noći||Josip Batistić||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||conductor|
|Victor||B-30035||10-in.||5/2/1924||Mantellied||Harry Steier||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||conductor|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Prince, Charles Adams," accessed March 29, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/111328.
Prince, Charles Adams. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved March 29, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/111328.
"Prince, Charles Adams." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 29 March 2023.
DAHR Persistent Identifier
Wikipedia: Charles A. Prince
Discogs: Charles Adams Prince
Linked Open Data Sources
LCNAR: Prince, Charles Adams - http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no99030668
Wikidata: Charles A. Prince - http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q5074894
MusicBrainz: Charles A. Prince - https://musicbrainz.org/artist/f1174845-718f-499e-bef7-73bc7273efac
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