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Carlos Curti

Carlo Curti (May 6, 1859 – 1926), also known as Carlos Curti, was an Italian musician, composer and bandleader. He moved to the United States whose most lasting contribution to American society was popularizing the mandolin in American music by starting a national "grass-roots mandolin orchestra craze" (that lasted from 1880 until the 1920s).

He also contributed to Mexican society in 1884 by creating one of Mexico's oldest orchestras, the Mexican Typical Orchestra. The orchestra under his leadership represented Mexico at the New Orleans Cotton Exhibition. As with his Spanish Students, Curti dressed his Mexican band in costumes, choosing the charro cowboy outfit. The patriotic value of having Mexico represented on the international stage gave a boost to mariachi bands (which had normally been repressed by social elites); the mariachis began using charro outfits as Curti's orchestra had done, expressing pride in being Mexican. Curti's Orquestra Típica Mexicana has been called the "predecessor of the Mariachi bands."

He was an orchestra leader, composer, educator at the Conservatorio Nacional de Música (Mexican National Conservatory of Music), xylophonist, violinist, mandolinist and author of a mandolin method. He directed the orchestra at the New York's Waldorf-Astoria hotel in his later career.

Also known as a composer of zarzuelas and dance music, among his most noted tunes are "La Tipica" and "Flower of Mexico". His brother was harpist Giovanni (Juan or John) Curti, who also was a member of his orchestra.

Birth and Death Data: Born May 6th, 1859 (Gallicchio), Died 1926 (Mexico City)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1902 - 1929

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, leader

Recordings (Results 1-25 of 26 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]1807 7-in. 11/29/1902 Saravia Antonio Vargas Baritone vocal solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]1807 10-in. 11/29/1902 Saravia Antonio Vargas Baritone vocal solo composer  
Victor B-1796 10-in. 10/20/1904 The flower of Mexico Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor B-2394 10-in. 3/22/1905 The flower of Mexico Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor B-6997 10-in. 4/16/1909 Tipica polka W. Eugene Page ; D. F. Ramseyer Mandolin and harp-guitar duet composer  
Victor B-15114 10-in. 8/4/1914 Blue ribbon Conway's Band Band, with whistling composer  
Victor C-25064 12-in. 4/29/1921 La tipica Trio Romano[ i.e., Cibelli's Neapolitan Orchestra] Instrumental trio composer  
Victor 118-Z 10-in. July 1905 La cuarta plana Banda de Zapadores Band composer  
Victor 128-Z 10-in. July 1905 La cuarta plana Trío Arriaga Instrumental trio composer  
Victor O-281 10-in. 7/13/1907 Canción de la saravia Esperanza Iris Female vocal solo composer  
Columbia 5391 10-in. approximately February 1905 Canción de la Benedictina Banda Curti Band composer, leader  
Columbia 5394 10-in. between 1903 and 1908 Cuantas flores, un adios mas Curti's Mexican Band Band composer, leader  
Columbia 5396 10-in. approximately Feb. 1905 Queen of the dance (Waltz) Orquesta Mexicana de Curti Orchestra composer, leader  
Columbia 5401 10-in. February 1905 La bohème. Selections Carlos Curti ; Instrumental ensemble (unidentified; Columbia Records) Instrumental ensemble leader  
Columbia 5403 10-in. February 1905 La paloma Curti's Orchestra Instrumental ensemble leader  
Columbia 5406 10-in. between 1905 and 1907 El ángel caído Orquesta Mexicana de Curti Instrumental ensemble leader  
Columbia 5408 10-in. between 1905 and 1907 Sonrisa de ángel Orquesta Mexicana de Curti Instrumental ensemble leader  
Columbia 5415 10-in. between 1903 and 1908 Las hijas de Eva Curti's Orchestra Orchestra leader  
Columbia 5417 10-in. between 1903 and 1907 Tipical girl Columbia Mexican Band Band composer  
Columbia 5419 10-in. between 1903 and 1908 Himno nacional mexicano Banda Curti Band leader  
Columbia 5452 10-in. between 1905 and 1907 Los parranderos Banda Española [Orquesta Mexicana de Curti] Band leader  
Columbia 5455 10-in. January 1906 A los toros Banda Española [Orquesta Mexicana de Curti] Band leader  
Columbia 5665 10-in. between 1903 and 1908 El gondolero Banda Española Band composer  
Columbia 21579 10-in. approximately June 1912 Adiós, México Orquesta Mexicana de Curti Instrumental ensemble composer, leader  
Columbia 21580 10-in. approximately June 1912 Carmelita Orquesta Mexicana de Curti Instrumental ensemble composer, leader  
(Results 1-25 of 26 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Curti, Carlos," accessed September 19, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/114033.

Curti, Carlos. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved September 19, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/114033.

"Curti, Carlos." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 19 September 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/114033

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