Carlo Curti (May 6, 1859 – 1926), also known as Carlos Curti, was an Italian musician, composer and bandleader. He moved to the United States whose most lasting contribution to American society was popularizing the mandolin in American music by starting a national "grass-roots mandolin orchestra craze" (that lasted from 1880 until the 1920s).
He also contributed to Mexican society in 1884 by creating one of Mexico's oldest orchestras, the Mexican Typical Orchestra. The orchestra under his leadership represented Mexico at the New Orleans Cotton Exhibition. As with his Spanish Students, Curti dressed his Mexican band in costumes, choosing the charro cowboy outfit. The patriotic value of having Mexico represented on the international stage gave a boost to mariachi bands (which had normally been repressed by social elites); the mariachis began using charro outfits as Curti's orchestra had done, expressing pride in being Mexican. Curti's Orquestra Típica Mexicana has been called the "predecessor of the Mariachi bands."
He was an orchestra leader, composer, educator at the Conservatorio Nacional de Música (Mexican National Conservatory of Music), xylophonist, violinist, mandolinist and author of a mandolin method. He directed the orchestra at the New York's Waldorf-Astoria hotel in his later career.
Also known as a composer of zarzuelas and dance music, among his most noted tunes are "La Tipica" and "Flower of Mexico". His brother was harpist Giovanni (Juan or John) Curti, who also was a member of his orchestra.
Birth and Death Data: Born May 6th, 1859 (Gallicchio), Died 1926 (Mexico City)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1902 - 1929
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, leader
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 26 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]1807||7-in.||11/29/1902||Saravia||Antonio Vargas||Baritone vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]1807||10-in.||11/29/1902||Saravia||Antonio Vargas||Baritone vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||B-1796||10-in.||10/20/1904||The flower of Mexico||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-2394||10-in.||3/22/1905||The flower of Mexico||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-6997||10-in.||4/16/1909||Tipica polka||W. Eugene Page ; D. F. Ramseyer||Mandolin and harp-guitar duet||composer|
|Victor||B-15114||10-in.||8/4/1914||Blue ribbon||Conway's Band||Band, with whistling||composer|
|Victor||C-25064||12-in.||4/29/1921||La tipica||Trio Romano[ i.e., Cibelli's Neapolitan Orchestra]||Instrumental trio||composer|
|Victor||118-Z||10-in.||July 1905||La cuarta plana||Banda de Zapadores||Band||composer|
|Victor||128-Z||10-in.||July 1905||La cuarta plana||Trío Arriaga||Instrumental trio||composer|
|Victor||O-281||10-in.||7/13/1907||Canción de la saravia||Esperanza Iris||Female vocal solo||composer|
|Columbia||5391||10-in.||approximately February 1905||Canción de la Benedictina||Banda Curti||Band||composer, leader|
|Columbia||5394||10-in.||between 1903 and 1908||Cuantas flores, un adios mas||Curti's Mexican Band||Band||composer, leader|
|Columbia||5396||10-in.||approximately Feb. 1905||Queen of the dance (Waltz)||Orquesta Mexicana de Curti||Orchestra||composer, leader|
|Columbia||5401||10-in.||February 1905||La bohème. Selections||Carlos Curti ; Instrumental ensemble (unidentified; Columbia Records)||Instrumental ensemble||leader|
|Columbia||5403||10-in.||February 1905||La paloma||Curti's Orchestra||Instrumental ensemble||leader|
|Columbia||5406||10-in.||between 1905 and 1907||El ángel caído||Orquesta Mexicana de Curti||Instrumental ensemble||leader|
|Columbia||5408||10-in.||between 1905 and 1907||Sonrisa de ángel||Orquesta Mexicana de Curti||Instrumental ensemble||leader|
|Columbia||5415||10-in.||between 1903 and 1908||Las hijas de Eva||Curti's Orchestra||Orchestra||leader|
|Columbia||5417||10-in.||between 1903 and 1907||Tipical girl||Columbia Mexican Band||Band||composer|
|Columbia||5419||10-in.||between 1903 and 1908||Himno nacional mexicano||Banda Curti||Band||leader|
|Columbia||5452||10-in.||between 1905 and 1907||Los parranderos||Banda Española [Orquesta Mexicana de Curti]||Band||leader|
|Columbia||5455||10-in.||January 1906||A los toros||Banda Española [Orquesta Mexicana de Curti]||Band||leader|
|Columbia||5665||10-in.||between 1903 and 1908||El gondolero||Banda Española||Band||composer|
|Columbia||21579||10-in.||approximately June 1912||Adiós, México||Orquesta Mexicana de Curti||Instrumental ensemble||composer, leader|
|Columbia||21580||10-in.||approximately June 1912||Carmelita||Orquesta Mexicana de Curti||Instrumental ensemble||composer, leader|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Curti, Carlos," accessed September 19, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/114033.
Curti, Carlos. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved September 19, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/114033.
"Curti, Carlos." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 19 September 2021.
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