Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington (April 29, 1899 – May 24, 1974) was an American composer, pianist, and leader of a jazz orchestra, which he led from 1923 until his death over a career spanning more than six decades.
Born in Washington, D.C., Ellington was based in New York City from the mid-1920s onward and gained a national profile through his orchestra's appearances at the Cotton Club in Harlem. In the 1930s, his orchestra toured in Europe. Although widely considered a pivotal figure in the history of jazz, Ellington embraced the phrase "beyond category" as a liberating principle and referred to his music as part of the more general category of American Music.
Some of the jazz musicians who were members of Ellington's orchestra, such as saxophonist Johnny Hodges, are considered among the best players in the idiom. Ellington melded them into the best-known orchestral unit in the history of jazz. Some members stayed with the orchestra for several decades. A master at writing miniatures for the three-minute 78 rpm recording format, Ellington wrote more than one thousand compositions; his extensive body of work is the largest recorded personal jazz legacy, and many of his pieces have become standards. He also recorded songs written by his bandsmen, for example Juan Tizol's "Caravan", and "Perdido", which brought a Spanish tinge to big band jazz. In the early 1940s, Ellington began a nearly thirty-year collaboration with composer-arranger-pianist Billy Strayhorn, whom he called his writing and arranging companion. With Strayhorn, he composed many extended compositions, or suites, as well as additional short pieces. Following an appearance at the Newport Jazz Festival in July 1956, Ellington and his orchestra enjoyed a major revival and embarked on world tours. Ellington recorded for most American record companies of his era, performed in and scored several films, and composed a handful of stage musicals.
Ellington was noted for his inventive use of the orchestra, or big band, and for his eloquence and charisma. His reputation continued to rise after he died, and he was awarded a posthumous Pulitzer Prize Special Award for music in 1999.
Birth and Death Data: Born April 29th, 1899 (Washington, D.C.), Died May 24th, 1974 (New York City)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1924 - 1968
Roles Represented in DAHR: piano, composer, leader, director, arranger, songwriter, lyricist
Recordings (Results 226-250 of 329 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Columbia||W151766||10-in.||9/2/1931||Creole love call||Clyde McCoy Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Columbia||W151774||10-in.||9/4/1931||Mood indigo||Blue Grass Boys ; Lee Morse||Female vocal solo, with jazz/dance band||composer|
|Columbia||W152270||10-in.||8/18/1932||Mood indigo||Three Keys||Male vocal trio, with guitar and piano||songwriter|
|Columbia||W152320||10-in.||11/9/1932||It don't mean a thing (If it ain't got that swing)||Roger Wolfe Kahn Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal ensemble||composer|
|OKeh||S-72932||10-in.||Oct. 1924||Choo-choo (I gotta hurry home)||The Goofus Five||Jazz/dance ensemble||composer|
|OKeh||74019||10-in.||Feb. 1926||Jig walk||Okeh Syncopators||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|OKeh||W81775||10-in.||11/3/1927||What can a poor fellow do?||Duke Ellington Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||leader, instrumentalist, piano|
|OKeh||W81776||10-in.||11/3/1927||Black and tan fantasy||Duke Ellington Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer, instrumentalist, piano, leader|
|OKeh||W81777||10-in.||11/3/1927||Chicago stomp down||The Chicago Footwarmers||Jazz/dance band, with female vocal solo||instrumentalist, piano, leader|
|OKeh||W400030||10-in.||1/19/1928||Take it easy||Duke Ellington Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer, leader, instrumentalist, piano|
|OKeh||W400031||10-in.||1/19/1928||Jubilee stomp||Duke Ellington Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer, leader, instrumentalist, piano|
|OKeh||W400032||10-in.||1/19/1928||Harlem twist||Lonnie Johnson's Harlem Footwarmers||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, piano, leader, composer|
|OKeh||W400859||10-in.||7/10/1928||Diga diga doo||Duke Ellington Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||instrumentalist, piano, leader|
|OKeh||W400860||10-in.||7/10/1928||Doin' the new low down||Duke Ellington Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||instrumentalist, piano, leader|
|OKeh||W401172||10-in.||10/1/1928||Black beauty||Duke Ellington||Piano solo||instrumentalist, piano, composer|
|OKeh||W401173||10-in.||10/1/1928||Swampy river||Duke Ellington||Piano solo||instrumentalist, piano, composer|
|OKeh||W401174||10-in.||10/1/1928||Since you went away||Baby Cox ; Palmer Brothers Trio||Female vocal solo and male vocal trio, with jazz/dance band||leader, instrumentalist, piano|
|OKeh||W401175||10-in.||10/1/1928||The mooche||Duke Ellington Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with female vocal solo||composer, leader, instrumentalist, piano|
|OKeh||W401176||10-in.||10/1/1928||Move over||Lonnie Johnson's Harlem Footwarmers||Jazz/dance band||leader, instrumentalist, piano, composer|
|OKeh||W401177||10-in.||10/1/1928||Hot and bothered||Duke Ellington Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with female vocal solo||composer, instrumentalist, piano|
|OKeh||W401220||10-in.||10/13/1928||Birmingham breakdown||Chocolate Dandies||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|OKeh||W401350||10-in.||11/20/1928||The blues with a feelin'||Duke Ellington Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer, leader, instrumentalist, piano|
|OKeh||W401351||10-in.||11/20/1928||Goin' to town||Chicago Footwarmers||Jazz/dance band||composer, leader, instrumentalist, piano|
|OKeh||W401352||10-in.||11/20/1928||Misty mornin'||Duke Ellington Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer, leader, instrumentalist, piano|
|OKeh||W402551||10-in.||8/2/1929||Jungle jamboree||Harlem Footwarmers||Jazz/dance band||leader, instrumentalist, piano|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Ellington, Duke," accessed December 1, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102155.
Ellington, Duke. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 1, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102155.
"Ellington, Duke." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 1 December 2020.
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