Martin Luther

Martin Luther, , (; German: [ˈmaʁtiːn ˈlʊtɐ]; 10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.

Luther was ordained to the priesthood in 1507. He came to reject several teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church; in particular, he disputed the view on indulgences. Luther proposed an academic discussion of the practice and efficacy of indulgences in his Ninety-five Theses of 1517. His refusal to renounce all of his writings at the demand of Pope Leo X in 1520 and the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms in 1521 resulted in his excommunication by the pope and condemnation as an outlaw by the Holy Roman Emperor.

Luther taught that salvation and, consequently, eternal life are not earned by good deeds but are received only as the free gift of God's grace through the believer's faith in Jesus Christ as redeemer from sin. His theology challenged the authority and office of the Pope by teaching that the Bible is the only source of divinely revealed knowledge, and opposed sacerdotalism by considering all baptized Christians to be a holy priesthood. Those who identify with these, and all of Luther's wider teachings, are called Lutherans, though Luther insisted on Christian or Evangelical (German: evangelisch) as the only acceptable names for individuals who professed Christ.

His translation of the Bible into the German vernacular (instead of Latin) made it more accessible to the laity, an event that had a tremendous impact on both the church and German culture. It fostered the development of a standard version of the German language, added several principles to the art of translation, and influenced the writing of an English translation, the Tyndale Bible. His hymns influenced the development of singing in Protestant churches. His marriage to Katharina von Bora, a former nun, set a model for the practice of clerical marriage, allowing Protestant clergy to marry.

In two of his later works, Luther expressed antagonistic, violent views towards Jews, and called for the burnings of their synagogues and their deaths. His rhetoric was not directed at Jews alone, but also towards Roman Catholics, Anabaptists, and nontrinitarian Christians. Luther died in 1546 with Pope Leo X's excommunication still effective.

Birth and Death Data: Born November 19th, 1483 (Lutherstadt Eisleben), Died February 28th, 1546 (Lutherstadt Eisleben)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1904 - 1940

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, author

Recordings

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor B-5058 10-in. 2/5/1908 A mighty fortress Trinity Choir Mixed vocal quartet, with orchestra composer  
Victor E-5058 8-in. 2/5/1908 A mighty fortress Trinity Choir Mixed vocal quartet, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-11342 12-in. 12/7/1911 Von Himmel hoch da komm' ich her Ernestine Schumann-Heink ; Victor Orchestra Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-19795 10-in. 5/15/1917 Vor Gud, han er saa fast en borg Christian Mathisen Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-22948 10-in. 7/1/1919 A mighty fortress is our God Carsten Woll Male vocal solo, with organ composer, author  
Victor B-23949 10-in. 4/21/1920 A mighty fortress St. Olaf Choir (St. Olaf College) Vocal chorus composer, author  
Victor B-25803 10-in. 11/14/1921 Ein' feste Burg Carl Schlegel Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor B-26290 10-in. 4/6/1922 A mighty fortress is our God Trinity Male Choir Male vocal chorus, with brass quintet composer  
Victor B-27640 10-in. 3/7/1923 Ein' feste Burg ist unser Gott Deutsches Opernhaus Quartett Male vocal quartet, with violin, organ, and chimes composer  
Victor BVE-35880 10-in. 9/24/1926 The holy child Mary Lewis Female vocal solo, with orchestra author  
Victor BVE-37147 10-in. 12/17/1926 The holy child John McCormack Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra author  
Victor BVE-41560 10-in. 1/17/1928 Holy child Gloria Caruso Female vocal solo, with piano author  
Victor CVE-42595 12-in. 4/4/1928 A mighty fortress St. Olaf Quartet Male vocal quartet, with pipe organ composer  
Victor PBVE-165 10-in. 4/17/1926 Vår Gud är oss en väldig borg Joseph Lycell Male vocal solo, with organ composer  
Victor BS-046713 10-in. 1/24/1940 A mighty fortress Emile Coté ; Victor Chapel Choir Mixed vocal chorus, with organ composer, author  
Columbia 38169 10-in. 7/29/1912 Great God, what do I see and hear? Chimes of Trinity Church, New York City Chimes solo composer  
Columbia 47137 10-in. 11/6/1916 A mighty fortress Columbia Stellar Quartette Male vocal quartet, unaccompanied composer, author  
Edison 5907 10-in. 12/5/1917 A mighty fortress is our God Calvary Choir Mixed vocal chorus, with orchestra composer, author  
Edison 6693 10-in. 3/27/1919 Vor Gud, han er saa fast en borg Carsten Woll Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer, author  
Gramophone 200h 10-in. ca. 1904 Vom Himmel hoch Cornet-Quartett Cornet quartet, with organ and church bells composer  
Gramophone BDR4582 10-in. 5/11/1927 Vom Himmel hoch, da komm’ ich her Bläserchor Brass ensemble composer  
Gramophone BDR4583 10-in. 5/11/1927 Lobt Gott ihr Christen allzugleich Bläserchor Brass ensemble composer  
Gramophone 4679l 10-in. ca. Oct. 1906 Vor Gud han er så fast en borg Hans Hedemark Tenor vocal solo, with organ composer  
Gramophone 7686r 10-in. 8/20/1910 Vom Himmel hoch Posaunen-Quartett Trombone quartet composer  

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Luther, Martin," accessed October 22, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102469.

Luther, Martin. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 22, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102469.

"Luther, Martin." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 22 October 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102469

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