Martin Luther, , (; German: [ˈmaʁtiːn ˈlʊtɐ]; 10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.
Luther was ordained to the priesthood in 1507. He came to reject several teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church; in particular, he disputed the view on indulgences. Luther proposed an academic discussion of the practice and efficacy of indulgences in his Ninety-five Theses of 1517. His refusal to renounce all of his writings at the demand of Pope Leo X in 1520 and the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms in 1521 resulted in his excommunication by the pope and condemnation as an outlaw by the Holy Roman Emperor.
Luther taught that salvation and, consequently, eternal life are not earned by good deeds but are received only as the free gift of God's grace through the believer's faith in Jesus Christ as redeemer from sin. His theology challenged the authority and office of the Pope by teaching that the Bible is the only source of divinely revealed knowledge, and opposed sacerdotalism by considering all baptized Christians to be a holy priesthood. Those who identify with these, and all of Luther's wider teachings, are called Lutherans, though Luther insisted on Christian or Evangelical (German: evangelisch) as the only acceptable names for individuals who professed Christ.
His translation of the Bible into the German vernacular (instead of Latin) made it more accessible to the laity, an event that had a tremendous impact on both the church and German culture. It fostered the development of a standard version of the German language, added several principles to the art of translation, and influenced the writing of an English translation, the Tyndale Bible. His hymns influenced the development of singing in Protestant churches. His marriage to Katharina von Bora, a former nun, set a model for the practice of clerical marriage, allowing Protestant clergy to marry.
In two of his later works, Luther expressed antagonistic, violent views towards Jews, and called for the burnings of their synagogues and their deaths. His rhetoric was not directed at Jews alone, but also towards Roman Catholics, Anabaptists, and nontrinitarian Christians. Luther died in 1546 with Pope Leo X's excommunication still effective.
Birth and Death Data: Born November 19th, 1483 (Lutherstadt Eisleben), Died February 28th, 1546 (Lutherstadt Eisleben)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1904 - 1940
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, author
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||B-5058||10-in.||2/5/1908||A mighty fortress||Trinity Choir||Mixed vocal quartet, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||E-5058||8-in.||2/5/1908||A mighty fortress||Trinity Choir||Mixed vocal quartet, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-11342||12-in.||12/7/1911||Von Himmel hoch da komm' ich her||Ernestine Schumann-Heink ; Victor Orchestra||Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-19795||10-in.||5/15/1917||Vor Gud, han er saa fast en borg||Christian Mathisen||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-22948||10-in.||7/1/1919||A mighty fortress is our God||Carsten Woll||Male vocal solo, with organ||composer, author|
|Victor||B-23949||10-in.||4/21/1920||A mighty fortress||St. Olaf Choir (St. Olaf College)||Vocal chorus||composer, author|
|Victor||B-25803||10-in.||11/14/1921||Ein' feste Burg||Carl Schlegel||Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Victor||B-26290||10-in.||4/6/1922||A mighty fortress is our God||Trinity Male Choir||Male vocal chorus, with brass quintet||composer|
|Victor||B-27640||10-in.||3/7/1923||Ein' feste Burg ist unser Gott||Deutsches Opernhaus Quartett||Male vocal quartet, with violin, organ, and chimes||composer|
|Victor||BVE-35880||10-in.||9/24/1926||The holy child||Mary Lewis||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||BVE-37147||10-in.||12/17/1926||The holy child||John McCormack||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||BVE-41560||10-in.||1/17/1928||Holy child||Gloria Caruso||Female vocal solo, with piano||author|
|Victor||CVE-42595||12-in.||4/4/1928||A mighty fortress||St. Olaf Quartet||Male vocal quartet, with pipe organ||composer|
|Victor||PBVE-165||10-in.||4/17/1926||Vår Gud är oss en väldig borg||Joseph Lycell||Male vocal solo, with organ||composer|
|Victor||BS-046713||10-in.||1/24/1940||A mighty fortress||Emile Coté ; Victor Chapel Choir||Mixed vocal chorus, with organ||composer, author|
|Columbia||38169||10-in.||7/29/1912||Great God, what do I see and hear?||Chimes of Trinity Church, New York City||Chimes solo||composer|
|Columbia||47137||10-in.||11/6/1916||A mighty fortress||Columbia Stellar Quartette||Male vocal quartet, unaccompanied||composer, author|
|Edison||5907||10-in.||12/5/1917||A mighty fortress is our God||Calvary Choir||Mixed vocal chorus, with orchestra||composer, author|
|Edison||6693||10-in.||3/27/1919||Vor Gud, han er saa fast en borg||Carsten Woll||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer, author|
|Gramophone||200h||10-in.||ca. 1904||Vom Himmel hoch||Cornet-Quartett||Cornet quartet, with organ and church bells||composer|
|Gramophone||BDR4582||10-in.||5/11/1927||Vom Himmel hoch, da komm’ ich her||Bläserchor||Brass ensemble||composer|
|Gramophone||BDR4583||10-in.||5/11/1927||Lobt Gott ihr Christen allzugleich||Bläserchor||Brass ensemble||composer|
|Gramophone||4679l||10-in.||ca. Oct. 1906||Vor Gud han er så fast en borg||Hans Hedemark||Tenor vocal solo, with organ||composer|
|Gramophone||7686r||10-in.||8/20/1910||Vom Himmel hoch||Posaunen-Quartett||Trombone quartet||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Luther, Martin," accessed October 22, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102469.
Luther, Martin. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 22, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102469.
"Luther, Martin." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 22 October 2020.
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