Martin Luther

Martin Luther (; German: [\u02c8ma\u0281ti\u02d0n \u02c8l\u028at\u0250] ; 10 November 1483\u00a0\u2013 18 February 1546) was a German priest, theologian, author, hymnwriter, professor, and Augustinian friar. He was the seminal figure of the Protestant Reformation, and his theological beliefs form the basis of Lutheranism.\n

Luther was ordained to the priesthood in 1507. He came to reject several teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church; in particular, he disputed the view on indulgences. Luther proposed an academic discussion of the practice and efficacy of indulgences in his Ninety-five Theses of 1517. His refusal to renounce all of his writings at the demand of Pope Leo\u00a0X in 1520 and the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms in 1521 resulted in his excommunication by the pope and condemnation as an outlaw by the Holy Roman Emperor. Luther died in 1546 with Pope Leo X's excommunication still in effect.\n

Luther taught that salvation and, consequently, eternal life are not earned by good deeds; rather, they are received only as the free gift of God's grace through the believer's faith in Jesus Christ, the redeemer from sin. His theology challenged the authority and office of the pope by teaching that the Bible is the only source of divinely revealed knowledge, and opposed sacerdotalism by considering all baptized Christians to be a holy priesthood. Those who identify with these, and all of Luther's wider teachings, are called Lutherans, though Luther insisted on Christian or Evangelic (German: evangelisch) as the only acceptable names for individuals who professed Christ. His translation of the Bible into the German vernacular (instead of Latin) made it more accessible to the laity, an event that had a tremendous impact on both the church and German culture. It fostered the development of a standard version of the German language, added several principles to the art of translation, and influenced the writing of an English translation, the Tyndale Bible. His hymns influenced the development of singing in Protestant churches. His marriage to Katharina von Bora, a former nun, set a model for the practice of clerical marriage, allowing Protestant clergy to marry.

In two of his later works, Luther expressed anti-Judaistic views, calling for the expulsion of Jews and the burning of synagogues. In addition, these works also targeted Roman Catholics, Anabaptists, and nontrinitarian Christians. Based upon his teachings, despite the fact that Luther did not advocate the murdering of Jews, the prevailing view among historians is that his rhetoric contributed significantly to the development of antisemitism in Germany and of the Nazi Party.

Birth and Death Data: Born 1483 (Lutherstadt Eisleben), Died February 28, 1546 (Lutherstadt Eisleben)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1904 - 1952

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, author

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 1-25 of 29 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor B-5058 10-in. 2/5/1908 A mighty fortress Trinity Choir Mixed vocal quartet, with orchestra composer  
Victor E-5058 8-in. 2/5/1908 A mighty fortress Trinity Choir Mixed vocal quartet, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-11342 12-in. 12/7/1911 Von Himmel hoch da komm' ich her Ernestine Schumann-Heink ; Victor Orchestra Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-19795 10-in. 5/15/1917 Vor Gud, han er saa fast en borg Christian Mathisen Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-22948 10-in. 7/1/1919 A mighty fortress is our God Carsten Woll Male vocal solo, with organ composer, author  
Victor B-23949 10-in. 4/21/1920 A mighty fortress St. Olaf Choir (St. Olaf College) Vocal chorus composer, author  
Victor B-25803 10-in. 11/14/1921 Ein' feste Burg Carl Schlegel Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor B-26290 10-in. 4/6/1922 A mighty fortress is our God Trinity Male Choir Male vocal chorus, with brass quintet composer  
Victor B-27640 10-in. 3/7/1923 Ein' feste Burg ist unser Gott Deutsches Opernhaus Quartett Male vocal quartet, with violin, organ, and chimes composer  
Victor BVE-35880 10-in. 9/24/1926 The Holy Child Mary Lewis Female vocal solo, with orchestra author  
Victor BVE-37147 10-in. 12/17/1926 The Holy Child John McCormack Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra author  
Victor BVE-41560 10-in. 1/17/1928 Holy Child Gloria Caruso Female vocal solo, with piano author  
Victor CVE-42595 12-in. 4/4/1928 A mighty fortress St. Olaf Quartet Male vocal quartet, with pipe organ composer  
Victor PBVE-165 10-in. 4/17/1926 Vår Gud är oss en väldig borg Joseph Lycell Male vocal solo, with organ composer  
Victor BS-046713 10-in. 1/24/1940 A mighty fortress Emile Coté ; Victor Chapel Choir Mixed vocal chorus, with organ composer, author  
Victor PD6VB-1807 10-in. 2/7/1946 Beneath the cross of Jesus Hymns of All Churches Choir Mixed vocal choir, with contralto vocal solo and instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor D7VB-1592 10-in. 8/27/1947 Joy to the world! Dick Leibert Organ solo author  
Columbia 38169 10-in. 7/29/1912 Great God, what do I see and hear? Chimes of Trinity Church, New York City Chimes solo composer  
Columbia 47137 10-in. 11/6/1916 A mighty fortress Columbia Stellar Quartette Male vocal quartet, unaccompanied composer, author  
Edison 5907 10-in. 12/5/1917 A mighty fortress is our God Calvary Choir Mixed vocal chorus, with orchestra author, composer  
Edison 6693 10-in. 3/27/1919 Vor Gud, han er saa fast en borg Carsten Woll Male vocal solo, with orchestra author, composer  
Gramophone 200h 10-in. ca. 1904 Vom Himmel hoch Cornet-Quartett Cornet quartet, with organ and church bells composer  
Gramophone BB297 10-in. 6/22/1921 Een vaste burcht is onze God Thom Denijs Male vocal solo, with organ composer  
Gramophone BE1532 10-in. 5/15/1929 Koraali 21 Oiva Soini Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Gramophone 0SB3604 10-in. before 7/1/1952 Vår gud är oss en väldig borg Arne Holm ; Gunnar Holm ; Maivor Rondin ; Malte Rondin ; Madeleine Uggla Mixed vocal quartet, with organ composer  
(Results 1-25 of 29 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Luther, Martin," accessed July 16, 2024, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102469.

Luther, Martin. (2024). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved July 16, 2024, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102469.

"Luther, Martin." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2024. Web. 16 July 2024.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102469

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