Martin Luther

Martin Luther (; German: [\u02c8ma\u0281ti\u02d0n \u02c8l\u028at\u0250] ; 10 November 1483\u00a0\u2013 18 February 1546) was a German priest, theologian, author, hymnwriter, professor, and Augustinian friar. He was the seminal figure of the Protestant Reformation, and his theological beliefs form the basis of Lutheranism.\n

Luther was ordained to the priesthood in 1507. He came to reject several teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church; in particular, he disputed the view on indulgences. Luther proposed an academic discussion of the practice and efficacy of indulgences in his Ninety-five Theses of 1517. His refusal to renounce all of his writings at the demand of Pope Leo\u00a0X in 1520 and the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms in 1521 resulted in his excommunication by the pope and condemnation as an outlaw by the Holy Roman Emperor. Luther died in 1546 with Pope Leo X's excommunication still in effect.\n

Luther taught that salvation and, consequently, eternal life are not earned by good deeds; rather, they are received only as the free gift of God's grace through the believer's faith in Jesus Christ, the redeemer from sin. His theology challenged the authority and office of the pope by teaching that the Bible is the only source of divinely revealed knowledge, and opposed sacerdotalism by considering all baptized Christians to be a holy priesthood. Those who identify with these, and all of Luther's wider teachings, are called Lutherans, though Luther insisted on Christian or Evangelic (German: evangelisch) as the only acceptable names for individuals who professed Christ. His translation of the Bible into the German vernacular (instead of Latin) made it more accessible to the laity, an event that had a tremendous impact on both the church and German culture. It fostered the development of a standard version of the German language, added several principles to the art of translation, and influenced the writing of an English translation, the Tyndale Bible. His hymns influenced the development of singing in Protestant churches. His marriage to Katharina von Bora, a former nun, set a model for the practice of clerical marriage, allowing Protestant clergy to marry.

In two of his later works, Luther expressed anti-Judaistic views, calling for the expulsion of Jews and the burning of synagogues. In addition, these works also targeted Roman Catholics, Anabaptists, and nontrinitarian Christians. Based upon his teachings, despite the fact that Luther did not advocate the murdering of Jews, the prevailing view among historians is that his rhetoric contributed significantly to the development of antisemitism in Germany and of the Nazi Party.

Birth and Death Data: Born 1483 (Lutherstadt Eisleben), Died February 28, 1546 (Lutherstadt Eisleben)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1904 - 1952

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, author

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 26-29 of 29 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Gramophone BDR4582 10-in. 5/11/1927 Vom Himmel hoch, da komm’ ich her Bläserchor Brass ensemble composer  
Gramophone BDR4583 10-in. 5/11/1927 Lobt Gott ihr Christen allzugleich Bläserchor Brass ensemble composer  
Gramophone 4679l 10-in. ca. Oct. 1906 Vor Gud han er så fast en borg Hans Hedemark Tenor vocal solo, with organ composer  
Gramophone 7686r 10-in. 8/20/1910 Vom Himmel hoch Posaunen-Quartett Trombone quartet composer  
(Results 26-29 of 29 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Luther, Martin," accessed June 17, 2024, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102469.

Luther, Martin. (2024). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved June 17, 2024, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102469.

"Luther, Martin." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2024. Web. 17 June 2024.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102469

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