Coleman Randolph Hawkins (November 21, 1904 – May 19, 1969), nicknamed "Hawk" and sometimes "Bean", was an American jazz tenor saxophonist. One of the first prominent jazz musicians on his instrument, as Joachim E. Berendt explained: "there were some tenor players before him, but the instrument was not an acknowledged jazz horn". Hawkins biographer John Chilton described the prevalent styles of tenor saxophone solos prior to Hawkins as "mooing" and "rubbery belches". Hawkins cited as influences Happy Caldwell, Stump Evans, and Prince Robinson, although he was the first to tailor his method of improvisation to the saxophone rather than imitate the techniques of the clarinet. Hawkins' virtuosic, arpeggiated approach to improvisation, with his characteristic rich, emotional, and vibrato-laden tonal style, was the main influence on a generation of tenor players that included Chu Berry, Charlie Barnet, Tex Beneke, Ben Webster, Vido Musso, Herschel Evans, Buddy Tate, and Don Byas, and through them the later tenormen, Arnett Cobb, Illinois Jacquet, Flip Phillips, Ike Quebec, Al Sears, Paul Gonsalves, and Lucky Thompson. While Hawkins became known with swing music during the big band era, he had a role in the development of bebop in the 1940s.
Fellow saxophonist Lester Young, known as the "President of the Tenor Saxophone", commented, in a 1959 interview with The Jazz Review: "As far as I'm concerned, I think Coleman Hawkins was the president, first, right? As far as myself, I think I'm the second one." Miles Davis once said: "When I heard Hawk, I learned to play ballads."
Birth and Death Data: Born November 21, 1904 (St. Joseph), Died May 19, 1969 (New York City)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1924 - 1958
Roles Represented in DAHR: tenor saxophone, clarinet, baritone saxophone, leader, composer, saxophone, bass saxophone, director, alto saxophone
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
Recordings (Results 51-75 of 108 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Columbia||W265175||10-in.||3/19/1934||On the sunny side of the street||Coleman Hawkins ; Buck Washington||Saxophone||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Columbia||W351052||10-in.||6/30/1931||Darktown Strutters' Ball||Mound City Blue Blowers||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Columbia||W365050||10-in.||6/30/1931||You rascal you||Mound City Blue Blowers||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal duet||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|OKeh||73738||10-in.||10/26/1925||Squeeze me||Clarence Williams’ Blue Five ; Eva Taylor||Instrumental sextet, with female vocal solo||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|OKeh||73739||10-in.||10/26/1925||You can't shush Katie (The gabbiest girl in town)||Eva Taylor||Female vocal solo, with instrumental sextet||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|OKeh||W404566||10-in.||12/4/1930||Goodbye blues||Chocolate Dandies||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|OKeh||W404596||10-in.||12/30/1930||Cloudy skies||Chocolate Dandies||Jazz/dance band||composer, instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|OKeh||W404597||10-in.||12/30/1930||Got another sweetie now||Chocolate Dandies ; Jimmy Harrison||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|OKeh||W404598||10-in.||12/30/1930||Bugle call rag||Chocolate Dandies||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|OKeh||W404599||10-in.||12/30/1930||Dee blues||Chocolate Dandies||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Gramophone||0LA1742||10-in.||4/28/1937||Honeysuckle rose||Coleman Hawkins All-Star Jam Band||Jazz/dance band||director|
|Gramophone||0LA1743||10-in.||4/28/1937||Crazy rhythm||Coleman Hawkins All-Star Jam Band||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone, director|
|Decca||81483||10/19/1951||(It's a) Sin||Coleman Hawkins Orchestra||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Decca||81484||10/19/1951||And so to sleep again||Coleman Hawkins Orchestra||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Decca||82231||1/31/1952||Spellbound||Coleman Hawkins Orchestra||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Decca||82232||1/31/1952||Amber||Coleman Hawkins Orchestra||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Decca||82233||1/31/1952||Lost in a fog||Coleman Hawkins Orchestra||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Decca||82234||1/31/1952||Carioca||Coleman Hawkins Orchestra||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Decca||82327||2/26/1952||Trust in me||Coleman Hawkins Orchestra||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Decca||82328||2/26/1952||Wishin'||Coleman Hawkins Orchestra||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Decca||82329||2/26/1952||Lonely wine||Coleman Hawkins Orchestra||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Decca||82330||2/26/1952||Midnight sun||Coleman Hawkins Orchestra||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Decca||83245||7/30/1952||If I could be with you||Coleman Hawkins||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Decca||83246||7/30/1952||I can't get started||Coleman Hawkins||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
|Decca||84387||4/27/1953||Ruby||Coleman Hawkins||instrumentalist, tenor saxophone|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Hawkins, Coleman," accessed September 30, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103427.
Hawkins, Coleman. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved September 30, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103427.
"Hawkins, Coleman." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 30 September 2023.
DAHR Persistent Identifier
Wikipedia content provided under the terms of the Creative Commons BY-SA license
Send the Editors a message about this record.