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Coleman Hawkins

Coleman Randolph Hawkins (November 21, 1904 – May 19, 1969), nicknamed "Hawk" and sometimes "Bean", was an American jazz tenor saxophonist. One of the first prominent jazz musicians on his instrument, as Joachim E. Berendt explained: "there were some tenor players before him, but the instrument was not an acknowledged jazz horn". Hawkins biographer John Chilton described the prevalent styles of tenor saxophone solos prior to Hawkins as "mooing" and "rubbery belches." Hawkins cited as influences Happy Caldwell, Stump Evans, and Prince Robinson, although he was the first to tailor his method of improvisation to the saxophone rather than imitate the techniques of the clarinet. Hawkins' virtuosic, arpeggiated approach to improvisation, with his characteristic rich, emotional, loud, and vibrato-laden tonal style, was the main influence on a generation of tenor players that included Chu Berry, Charlie Barnet, Tex Beneke, Ben Webster, Vido Musso, Herschel Evans, Buddy Tate, and Don Byas, and through them the later tenormen, Arnett Cobb, Illinois Jacquet, Flip Phillips, Ike Quebec, Al Sears, Paul Gonsalves, and Lucky Thompson. While Hawkins became well known with swing music during the big band era, he had a role in the development of bebop in the 1940s.

Fellow saxophonist Lester Young, known as "Pres", commented in a 1959 interview with The Jazz Review: "As far as I'm concerned, I think Coleman Hawkins was the President first, right? As far as myself, I think I'm the second one." Miles Davis once said: "When I heard Hawk, I learned to play ballads."

Birth and Death Data: Born November 21st, 1904 (St. Joseph), Died May 19th, 1969 (New York City)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1924 - 1958

Roles Represented in DAHR: tenor saxophone, clarinet, baritone saxophone, saxophone, leader, composer, bass saxophone, director

Recordings (Results 76-100 of 100 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Decca 105805 10/13/1958 Body and soul-1 Tony Scott and the All Stars instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Decca 105806 10/13/1958 Unlisted blues Tony Scott and the All Stars instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Signature T-1905 10-in. 12/8/1943 Voodte Coleman Hawkins Orchestra instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Signature T-1906 10-in. 12/8/1943 How deep is the ocean Coleman Hawkins Orchestra instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Signature T-1907 10-in. 12/8/1943 Hawkins barrelhouse Coleman Hawkins Orchestra instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Signature T-1908 10-in. 12/8/1943 Stumpy Coleman Hawkins Orchestra instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Signature T-1917 12/18/1943 Lover come back to me Coleman Hawkins Quartet instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Signature T-1918 10-in. 12/18/1943 Indiana Coleman Hawkins Quartet instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Signature T-1923 10-in. 12/23/1943 Crazy rhythm Coleman Hawkins Swing Four instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Signature T-1924 10-in. 12/23/1943 Get happy Coleman Hawkins Swing Four instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Signature T-19001 12/18/1943 Blues changes Coleman Hawkins Quartet instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Signature T-19002 12/18/1943 These foolish things Coleman Hawkins Quartet instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Signature T-19005 12-in. 12/23/1943 The man I love Coleman Hawkins Swing Four instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Signature T-19006 12-in. 12/23/1943 Sweet Lorraine Coleman Hawkins Swing Four instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Decca AM 177 10-in. 8/26/1935 Chicago Coleman Hawkins instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Decca AM 178 10-in. 8/26/1935 Meditation Coleman Hawkins instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Decca AM 179 10-in. 8/26/1935 What Harlem is to me Coleman Hawkins instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Decca AM 180 10-in. 8/26/1935 Netcha's dream Coleman Hawkins instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Decca AM 397 10-in. 8/18/1937 Somebody loves me Benny Carter Orchestra instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Decca AM 399 10-in. 8/18/1937 Pardon me pretty baby Benny Carter Orchestra instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Decca AM 400 10-in. 8/18/1937 My buddy Benny Carter Orchestra instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Decca AM 401 10-in. 8/18/1937 Star dust Coleman Hawkins instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Decca AM 402 10-in. 8/18/1937 Well alright then Coleman Hawkins instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Decca CE 6741 10-in. 11/18/1934 Lost in a fog Coleman Hawkins instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
Decca CE 6742 10-in. 11/18/1934 Honeysuckle rose Coleman Hawkins instrumentalist, tenor saxophone  
(Results 76-100 of 100 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Hawkins, Coleman," accessed December 4, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103427.

Hawkins, Coleman. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 4, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103427.

"Hawkins, Coleman." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 4 December 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/103427

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