Alberto Villalón Morales
Alberto Villalón Morales (Santiago de Cuba, 7 June 1882 – Havana, 16 July 1955) was one of the greatest musicians in the Cuban trova style.
He was the only one of the 'four greats' of the trova to come from a well-to-do family. Villalón and his sister América studied guitar with Pepe Sánchez, the father of the trova movement. Later, he studied classical guitar to achieve a really excellent technique. He composed his first canciones and boleros at fourteen, and moved to Havana in 1900. In 1907 he recorded on Edison cylinders. In 1908 he formed the Cuarteto Villalón with Adolfo Colombo (tenor), Claudio García (baritone), Emilio Reinoso (mandolin), and Alberto Villalón (guitar). Colombo and García were regular members of the Teatro Alhambra company; Colombo was the most recorded singer of the age.
A difference between Villalón and the other early trovadors was in his guitar technique. With his training he preferred picking (punteado) instead of strumming (rasgueado), which had been the main technique previously. This gave him a wider range of harmonic possibilities and a characteristic style. He had a second career in 1927 when he became a founding member of the Septeto Nacional de Ignacio Piñeiro. Alberto brought into the septet Juan de la Cruz and Benvenido León, who had been playing with him in a trio. The addition of the first really great sonero, Abelardo Barroso (1905 – 1972), made the Nacional the best group in Cuba for its time.
Villalón's career, then, connected the world of trova with the world of son which became central to Cuba's popular music for the rest of the century.
Birth and Death Data: Born June 7th, 1882 (Santiago de Cuba), Died July 16th, 1955
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1907 - 1928
Roles Represented in DAHR: guitar, composer, lyricist
Recordings (Results 201-225 of 244 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Columbia||W96634||10-in.||July 1928||¡Ay! Mamá Inés||Sexteto Nacional||Vocal and instrumental ensemble||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Columbia||W96635||10-in.||July 1928||Ay, guarina||Sexteto Nacional||Vocal and instrumental ensemble||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Columbia||W96638||10-in.||July 1928||No te preocupes del mundo||Sexteto Nacional||Vocal and instrumental ensemble||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Columbia||W96639||10-in.||July 1928||Siboney||Sexteto Nacional||Vocal and instrumental ensemble||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Columbia||W96640||10-in.||July 1928||Canta pajarito||Sexteto Nacional||Vocal and instrumental ensemble||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Columbia||W96641||10-in.||July 1928||Sierra morena||Sexteto Nacional||Vocal and instrumental ensemble||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Columbia||W96642||10-in.||August 1928||Adolorido||Sexteto Nacional||Vocal and instrumental ensemble||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Columbia||W96644||10-in.||August 1928||Oye mi dulce tres||Sexteto Nacional||Vocal and instrumental ensemble||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Columbia||W96666||10-in.||July 1928||¡Pepillito!...||Sexteto Nacional||Vocal and instrumental ensemble||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Brunswick||11398-11400||10-in.||9/24/1923||Juramento sagrado||Villalon Trio||Instrumental trio||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Brunswick||11401-11403||10-in.||9/24/1923||Pesares y alegria||Villalon Trio||Instrumental trio||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Brunswick||11404-11405||10-in.||9/24/1923||Querete simpre||Villalon Trio||Instrumental trio||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Brunswick||11406-11407||10-in.||9/24/1923||Rita||Villalon Trio||Instrumental trio||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Brunswick||11408-11409||10-in.||9/24/1923||Esperanza||Villalon Trio||Instrumental trio||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Brunswick||11410-11411||10-in.||9/24/1923||Punto carretero||Villalon Trio||Instrumental trio||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Brunswick||11412-11413||10-in.||9/25/1923||March carbali||Villalon Trio||Instrumental trio||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Brunswick||11414-11415||10-in.||9/25/1923||El esclavo||Villalon Trio||Instrumental trio||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Brunswick||11416-11417||10-in.||9/25/1923||Tus lindos ojos||Villalon Trio||Instrumental trio||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Brunswick||11418-11419||10-in.||9/25/1923||Pensamiento||Villalon Trio||Instrumental trio||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Brunswick||11420-11421||10-in.||9/25/1923||Amparo||Villalon Trio||Orchestra||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Brunswick||11422-11423||10-in.||9/25/1923||Eso es un cuento||Villalon Trio||Instrumental trio||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Brunswick||11442-11444||10-in.||9/26/1923||Camaron apaga la luz||Villalon Trio||Instrumental trio||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Brunswick||11445-11446||10-in.||9/26/1923||Al son de la Loma||Villalon Trio||Instrumental trio||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Brunswick||11447-11448||10-in.||9/26/1923||Si viene la China me voy||Villalon Trio||Instrumental trio||instrumentalist, guitar|
|Brunswick||11449-11450||10-in.||9/26/1923||Amor immenso||Villalon Trio||Instrumental trio||instrumentalist, guitar|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Villalón Morales, Alberto," accessed October 17, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/113130.
Villalón Morales, Alberto. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 17, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/113130.
"Villalón Morales, Alberto." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 17 October 2021.
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