Charles Hardin Holley (September 7, 1936 – February 3, 1959), known professionally as Buddy Holly, was an American musician and singer-songwriter who was a central and pioneering figure of mid-1950s rock and roll. He was born in Lubbock, Texas, to a musical family during the Great Depression, and learned to play guitar and sing alongside his siblings. His style was influenced by gospel music, country music, and rhythm and blues acts, which he performed in Lubbock with his friends from high school.
He made his first appearance on local television in 1952, and the following year he formed the group "Buddy and Bob" with his friend Bob Montgomery. In 1955, after opening for Elvis Presley, he decided to pursue a career in music. He opened for Presley three times that year; his band's style shifted from country and western to entirely rock and roll. In October that year, when he opened for Bill Haley & His Comets, he was spotted by Nashville scout Eddie Crandall, who helped him get a contract with Decca Records.
Holly's recording sessions at Decca were produced by Owen Bradley, who had become famous for producing orchestrated country hits for stars like Patsy Cline. Unhappy with Bradley's musical style and control in the studio, Holly went to producer Norman Petty in Clovis, New Mexico, and recorded a demo of "That'll Be the Day", among other songs. Petty became the band's manager and sent the demo to Brunswick Records, which released it as a single credited to "The Crickets", which became the name of Holly's band. In September 1957, as the band toured, "That'll Be the Day" topped the US and UK singles charts. Its success was followed in October by another major hit, "Peggy Sue".
The album Chirping Crickets, released in November 1957, reached number five on the UK Albums Chart. Holly made his second appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show in January 1958 and soon after, toured Australia and then the UK. In early 1959, he assembled a new band, consisting of future country music star Waylon Jennings (bass), famed session musician Tommy Allsup (guitar), and Carl Bunch (drums), and embarked on a tour of the midwestern U.S. After a show in Clear Lake, Iowa, he chartered an airplane to travel to his next show, in Moorhead, Minnesota. Soon after takeoff, the plane crashed, killing Holly, Ritchie Valens, The Big Bopper, and pilot Roger Peterson in a tragedy later referred to by Don McLean as "The Day the Music Died".
During his short career, Holly wrote and recorded several songs. He is often regarded as the artist who defined the traditional rock-and-roll lineup of two guitars, bass, and drums. He was a major influence on later popular music artists, including Elvis Presley, Bob Dylan, The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, Eric Clapton, Elvis Costello, Marshall Crenshaw (who later played Holly), and Elton John. He was among the first artists inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, in 1986. Rolling Stone magazine ranked him number 13 in its list of "100 Greatest Artists".
Birth and Death Data: Born September 7, 1936 (Lubbock), Died February 3, 1959 (Clear Lake, Iowa)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1955 - 1970
Roles Represented in DAHR: vocalist, guitar, lead guitar, electric guitar
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 138 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Decca||102021||3/18/1957||I'm looking for someone to love||Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly||vocalist, instrumentalist, lead guitar|
|Decca||102022||3/18/1957||That'll be the day||Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly||vocalist, instrumentalist, lead guitar|
|Decca||102255||4/15/1957||Words of love||Buddy Holly||vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar|
|Decca||102256||4/15/1957||Mailman bring me no more blues-1||Buddy Holly||vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar|
|Decca||103104||8/12/1957||Not fade away||Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly||vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar|
|Decca||103105||8/12/1957||Everyday||Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly||vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar|
|Decca||103179||8/26/1957||Oh boy (-1)||Buddy Holly||vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar|
|Decca||103180||8/26/1957||Peggy Sue||Buddy Holly||vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar|
|Decca||103257||9/12/1957||I'm gonna love you too||Buddy Holly||vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar|
|Decca||103258||9/12/1957||Listen to me||Buddy Holly||vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar|
|Decca||103259||9/16/1957||One faded rose-1||Charlie Phillips||vocalist, instrumentalist, lead guitar|
|Decca||103260||9/16/1957||Sugartime||Charlie Phillips||instrumentalist, lead guitar|
|Decca||103526||10/15/1957||You've got love||Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly||vocalist, instrumentalist, lead guitar|
|Decca||103527||10/15/1957||Maybe baby (MC 7452 MCA MCA-3040)-1||Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly||vocalist, instrumentalist, lead guitar|
|Decca||103528||10/15/1957||It's too late||Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly||vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar|
|Decca||103529||10/15/1957||Tell me how||Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly||vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar|
|Decca||103530||10/15/1957||An empty cup (and a broken date)||Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly||vocalist, instrumentalist, lead guitar|
|Decca||103531||10/15/1957||Send me some lovin||Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly||vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar|
|Decca||103532||10/15/1957||Last night||Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly||vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar|
|Decca||103533||10/15/1957||Rock me, my baby||Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly||vocalist, instrumentalist, lead guitar|
|Decca||104199||July 1957||Ready Teddy-2||Buddy Holly||vocalist, instrumentalist, lead guitar|
|Decca||104200||12/19/1957||(You're so square) Baby I don't care||Buddy Holly||vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar|
|Decca||104201||July 1957||Valley of tears-1||Buddy Holly||vocalist, instrumentalist, lead guitar|
|Decca||104202||1/26/1958||Rave on||Buddy Holly||vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar|
|Decca||104203||12/19/1957||Look at me-1||Buddy Holly||vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Holly, Buddy," accessed February 2, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/204633.
Holly, Buddy. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved February 2, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/204633.
"Holly, Buddy." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 2 February 2023.
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