Buddy Holly

Charles Hardin Holley (September 7, 1936 – February 3, 1959), known professionally as Buddy Holly, was an American musician and singer-songwriter who was a central and pioneering figure of mid-1950s rock and roll. He was born in Lubbock, Texas, to a musical family during the Great Depression, and learned to play guitar and sing alongside his siblings. His style was influenced by gospel music, country music, and rhythm and blues acts, which he performed in Lubbock with his friends from high school.

He made his first appearance on local television in 1952, and the following year he formed the group "Buddy and Bob" with his friend Bob Montgomery. In 1955, after opening for Elvis Presley, he decided to pursue a career in music. He opened for Presley three times that year; his band's style shifted from country and western to entirely rock and roll. In October that year, when he opened for Bill Haley & His Comets, he was spotted by Nashville scout Eddie Crandall, who helped him get a contract with Decca Records.

Holly's recording sessions at Decca were produced by Owen Bradley, who had become famous for producing orchestrated country hits for stars like Patsy Cline. Unhappy with Bradley's musical style and control in the studio, Holly went to producer Norman Petty in Clovis, New Mexico, and recorded a demo of "That'll Be the Day", among other songs. Petty became the band's manager and sent the demo to Brunswick Records, which released it as a single credited to "The Crickets", which became the name of Holly's band. In September 1957, as the band toured, "That'll Be the Day" topped the US and UK singles charts. Its success was followed in October by another major hit, "Peggy Sue".

The album Chirping Crickets, released in November 1957, reached number five on the UK Albums Chart. Holly made his second appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show in January 1958 and soon after, toured Australia and then the UK. In early 1959, he assembled a new band, consisting of future country music star Waylon Jennings (bass), famed session musician Tommy Allsup (guitar), and Carl Bunch (drums), and embarked on a tour of the midwestern U.S. After a show in Clear Lake, Iowa, he chartered an airplane to travel to his next show, in Moorhead, Minnesota. Soon after takeoff, the plane crashed, killing Holly, Ritchie Valens, The Big Bopper, and pilot Roger Peterson in a tragedy later referred to by Don McLean as "The Day the Music Died".

During his short career, Holly wrote and recorded several songs. He is often regarded as the artist who defined the traditional rock-and-roll lineup of two guitars, bass, and drums. He was a major influence on later popular music artists, including Elvis Presley, Bob Dylan, The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, Eric Clapton, Elvis Costello, Marshall Crenshaw (who later played Holly), and Elton John. He was among the first artists inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, in 1986. Rolling Stone magazine ranked him number 13 in its list of "100 Greatest Artists".

Birth and Death Data: Born September 7th, 1936 (Lubbock), Died February 3rd, 1959 (Clear Lake, Iowa)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1955 - 1970

Roles Represented in DAHR: vocalist, guitar, lead guitar, electric guitar

Recordings (Results 1-25 of 138 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Decca 102021 3/18/1957 I'm looking for someone to love Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly instrumentalist, lead guitar, vocalist  
Decca 102022 3/18/1957 That'll be the day (MC 7446 MCA MCA-3040) Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly instrumentalist, lead guitar, vocalist  
Decca 102255 4/15/1957 Words of love (MC 7448 MCA MCA-3040) Buddy Holly vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar  
Decca 102256 4/15/1957 Mailman bring me no more blues-1 Buddy Holly vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar  
Decca 103104 8/12/1957 Not fade away (MC 7450 MCA MCA-3040) Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly instrumentalist, guitar, vocalist  
Decca 103105 8/12/1957 Everyday (MC 7449 MCA-3040) Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly instrumentalist, guitar, vocalist  
Decca 103179 8/26/1957 Oh boy (MC 7451 MCA-40905)-1 Buddy Holly instrumentalist, guitar, vocalist  
Decca 103180 8/26/1957 Peggy Sue (MC 7447 MCA-40905) Buddy Holly instrumentalist, guitar, vocalist  
Decca 103257 9/12/1957 I'm gonna love you too Buddy Holly instrumentalist, guitar, vocalist  
Decca 103258 9/12/1957 Listen to me (MC 7453 MCA MCA-3040) Buddy Holly instrumentalist, guitar, vocalist  
Decca 103259 9/16/1957 One faded rose-1 Charlie Phillips vocalist, instrumentalist, lead guitar  
Decca 103260 9/16/1957 Sugartime Charlie Phillips instrumentalist, lead guitar  
Decca 103526 10/15/1957 You've got love Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly instrumentalist, lead guitar, vocalist  
Decca 103527 10/15/1957 Maybe baby (MC 7452 MCA MCA-3040)-1 Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly vocalist, instrumentalist, lead guitar  
Decca 103528 10/15/1957 It's too late Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly instrumentalist, guitar, vocalist  
Decca 103529 10/15/1957 Tell me how Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly instrumentalist, guitar, vocalist  
Decca 103530 10/15/1957 An empty cup (and a broken date) Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly vocalist, instrumentalist, lead guitar  
Decca 103531 10/15/1957 Send me some lovin Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly instrumentalist, guitar, vocalist  
Decca 103532 10/15/1957 Last night Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly instrumentalist, guitar, vocalist  
Decca 103533 10/15/1957 Rock me, my baby Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly vocalist, instrumentalist, lead guitar  
Decca 104199 July 1957 Ready Teddy-2 Buddy Holly instrumentalist, lead guitar, vocalist  
Decca 104200 12/19/1957 (You're so square) Baby I don't care-1 Buddy Holly vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar  
Decca 104201 July 1957 Valley of tears-1 Buddy Holly instrumentalist, lead guitar, vocalist  
Decca 104202 1/26/1958 Rave on (MC 7459 MCA MCA-3040) Buddy Holly instrumentalist, guitar, vocalist  
Decca 104203 12/19/1957 Look at me-1 Buddy Holly instrumentalist, guitar, vocalist  
(Results 1-25 of 138 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Holly, Buddy," accessed May 16, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/204633.

Holly, Buddy. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved May 16, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/204633.

"Holly, Buddy." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 16 May 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/204633

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