Buddy Holly

Charles Hardin Holley (September 7, 1936 – February 3, 1959), known as Buddy Holly, was an American singer and songwriter who was a central and pioneering figure of mid-1950s rock and roll. He was born to a musical family in Lubbock, Texas, during the Great Depression, and learned to play guitar and sing alongside his siblings. Holly's style was influenced by gospel music, country music, and rhythm and blues acts, which he performed in Lubbock with his friends from high school.

Holly made his first appearance on local television in 1952, and the following year he formed the group "Buddy and Bob" with his friend Bob Montgomery. In 1955, after opening for Elvis Presley, Holly decided to pursue a career in music. He opened for Presley three times that year; his band's style shifted from country and western to entirely rock and roll. In October that year, when Holly opened for Bill Haley & His Comets, he was spotted by Nashville scout Eddie Crandall, who helped him get a contract with Decca Records.

Holly's recording sessions at Decca were produced by Owen Bradley, who had become famous for producing orchestrated country hits for stars like Patsy Cline. Unhappy with Bradley's musical style and control in the studio, Holly went to producer Norman Petty in Clovis, New Mexico, and recorded a demo of "That'll Be the Day", among other songs. Petty became the band's manager and sent the demo to Brunswick Records, which released it as a single credited to "The Crickets", which became the name of Holly's band. In September 1957, as the band toured, "That'll Be the Day" topped the US and UK singles charts. Its success was followed in October by another major hit, "Peggy Sue."

The album The "Chirping" Crickets, released in November 1957, reached number five on the UK Albums Chart. Holly made his second appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show in January 1958 and soon after toured Australia and then the UK. In early 1959, he assembled a new band, consisting of future country music star Waylon Jennings (bass), famed session musician Tommy Allsup (guitar), and Carl Bunch (drums), and embarked on a tour of the midwestern US. After a show in Clear Lake, Iowa, Holly chartered an airplane to travel to his next show in Moorhead, Minnesota. Soon after takeoff, the plane crashed, killing Holly, Ritchie Valens, The Big Bopper, and pilot Roger Peterson in a tragedy later referred to by Don McLean as "The Day the Music Died" in his song "American Pie."

During his short career, Holly wrote and recorded many songs. He is often regarded as the artist who defined the traditional rock-and-roll lineup of two guitars, bass, and drums. Holly was a major influence on later popular music artists, including Bob Dylan, The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, Eric Clapton, The Hollies, Elvis Costello, Dave Edmunds, Marshall Crenshaw, and Elton John. Holly was among the first artists inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, in 1986. Rolling Stone magazine ranked him number 13 in its list of "100 Greatest Artists" in 2010.

Birth and Death Data: Born January 1, 1936 (Lubbock), Died February 3, 1959 (Clear Lake, Iowa)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1955 - 1970

Roles Represented in DAHR: vocalist, guitar, lead guitar, electric guitar, songwriter

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 26-50 of 139 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Decca 104203 12/19/1957 Look at me-1 Buddy Holly vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar  
Decca 104204 12/19/1957 Little baby Buddy Holly vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar  
Decca 104215 1/26/1958 That's my desire Buddy Holly vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar  
Decca 104738 4/7/1958 Take your time-1 Buddy Holly vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar  
Decca 104739 4/7/1958 Well ... all right Buddy Holly vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar  
Decca 104993 5/19/1958 Think it over Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar  
Decca 104994 5/19/1958 Fool's paradise Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar  
Decca 105182 6/19/1958 Early in the morning Buddy Holly vocalist  
Decca 105183 6/19/1958 Now we're one Buddy Holly vocalist  
Decca 105286 7/11/1958 Real wild child-1 Jerry Allison vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar, lead guitar  
Decca 105287 2/15/1958 Oh you beautiful doll-2 Jerry Allison vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar  
Decca 105511 8/14/1958 Heartbeat Buddy Holly vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar  
Decca 105562 8/26/1958 It's so easy Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar  
Decca 105563 8/26/1958 Lonesome tears Crickets, The ; Buddy Holly vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar  
Decca 105869 10/21/1958 True love ways Buddy Holly vocalist  
Decca 105870 10/21/1958 It doesn't matter anymore Buddy Holly vocalist  
Decca 105871 10/21/1958 Raining in my heart Buddy Holly vocalist  
Decca 105872 10/21/1958 Moondreams Buddy Holly vocalist  
Decca 106309 1/5/1959 Stay close to me Lou Giordano instrumentalist, guitar  
Decca 106310 1/5/1959 Don't cha know-1 Lou Giordano vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar  
Decca 107120 4/23/1959 When sin stops-1 Waylon Jennings instrumentalist, guitar  
Decca 107121 4/23/1959 Jole blon Waylon Jennings instrumentalist, guitar  
Decca 107694 6/30/1959 Peggy Sue got married Buddy Holly vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar  
Decca 107695 12/14/1958 Crying, waiting, hoping Buddy Holly vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar  
Decca 108598 1/19/1960 That's what they say Buddy Holly vocalist, instrumentalist, guitar  
(Results 26-50 of 139 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Holly, Buddy," accessed July 13, 2024, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/204633.

Holly, Buddy. (2024). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved July 13, 2024, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/204633.

"Holly, Buddy." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2024. Web. 13 July 2024.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/204633

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