Afro-Cubans

The Afro-Cubans were a Latin jazz band founded by Machito in 1940; often billed as Machito and his Afro-Cubans. Their musical director, and an important musical innovator, was Mario Bauzá, Machito's brother-in-law.

The Afro-Cubans combined Cuban music with orchestrations derived from swing. As well, the Afro-Cubans played with and incorporated the music of many important figures in contemporary jazz, including Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Flip Phillips, and Buddy Rich; but the association went both ways, as the Latin rhythms of the Afro-Cubans strongly influenced the jazz scene in New York.

After making some early 78s for Decca, the Afro-Cubans began to increase in popularity towards the end of World War II, appearing with—and no doubt influencing -- Stan Kenton's orchestra. (Machito played maracas on Kenton's recordings of "The Peanut Vendor" and "Cuban Carnival") and recorded for Mercury and Clef. On Bauzá's urging, Machito's band featured a galaxy of American jazz soloists on its recordings from 1948 to 1960, including Charlie Parker (heard memorably on "No Noise"), Dizzy Gillespie, Flip Phillips, Howard McGhee, Buddy Rich, Harry "Sweets" Edison, Cannonball Adderley, Herbie Mann, Curtis Fuller and Johnny Griffin. Playing regularly at New York's Palladium, Machito's band reached its peak of popularity during the mambo craze of the 1950s, survived the upheavals of the '60s and despite the loss of Bauzá in 1976, continued to work frequently in the '60s, '70s, and early '80s when the term "salsa" came into use. The band recorded for Pablo (in tandem with Gillespie) and Timeless in its later years.


Birth and Death Data: Born 1940

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1941 - 1958

Roles Represented in DAHR: Musical group

Notes: Sometimes listed as Machito y sus Afro-Cubans.

Recordings (Results 1-25 of 44 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Decca 69433 10-in. 6/27/1941 Intermezzo (Provost) Afro-Cubans ; Machito Musical group  
Decca 69434 10-in. 6/27/1941 Parabola negra Afro-Cubans ; Machito Musical group  
Decca 69435 10-in. 6/27/1941 Yambu Afro-Cubans ; Machito Musical group  
Decca 69436 10-in. 6/27/1941 La rumbantela Afro-Cubans ; Machito Musical group  
Decca 70557 10-in. 3/23/1942 Chacumbele Afro-Cubans ; Machito Musical group  
Decca 70558 10-in. 3/23/1942 Sopa de pichon Afro-Cubans ; Machito Musical group  
Decca 70559 10-in. 3/23/1942 Rascando siempre rascando Afro-Cubans ; Machito Musical group  
Decca 70560 10-in. 3/23/1942 El muerto se fue de rumba Afro-Cubans ; Machito Musical group  
Decca 71034 10-in. 7/10/1942 Tinge talando Afro-Cubans ; Machito Musical group  
Decca 71035 10-in. 7/10/1942 Paella Afro-Cubans ; Machito Musical group  
Decca 71036 10-in. 7/10/1942 Que vengan los rumberos Afro-Cubans Musical group  
Decca 71037 10-in. 7/10/1942 Nague Afro-Cubans ; Machito Musical group  
Decca 71093 10-in. 7/17/1942 Enlloro Miguelito Valdés Musical group  
Decca 71094 10-in. 7/17/1942 Letargo Miguelito Valdés Musical group  
Decca 71095 10-in. 7/17/1942 Tabu Miguelito Valdés Musical group  
Decca 71096 10-in. 7/17/1942 La rumba soy yo Miguelito Valdés Musical group  
Decca 71110 10-in. 7/20/1942 El comprador de botellas Miguelito Valdés Musical group  
Decca 71111 10-in. 7/20/1942 Guadalajara Miguelito Valdés Musical group  
Decca 71112 10-in. 7/20/1942 Yo saluda Miguelito Valdés Musical group  
Decca 71113 10-in. 7/20/1942 Eco Miguelito Valdés Musical group  
Decca 71199 10-in. 7/27/1942 Carambu Miguelito Valdés Musical group  
Decca 71200 10-in. 7/27/1942 Drume negrita Miguelito Valdés Musical group  
Decca 71201 10-in. 7/27/1942 Zarabanda Miguelito Valdés Musical group  
Decca 71202 10-in. 7/27/1942 Bim bam boom Miguelito Valdés Musical group  
Decca 71203 10-in. 7/27/1942 Rica pulpa Miguelito Valdés Musical group  
(Results 1-25 of 44 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Afro-Cubans," accessed October 27, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/328825.

Afro-Cubans. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 27, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/328825.

"Afro-Cubans." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 27 October 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/328825

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