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Ludwig van Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770 – 26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist. Beethoven remains one of the most admired composers in the history of Western music; his works rank among the most performed of the classical music repertoire and span the transition from the Classical period to the Romantic era in classical music. His career has conventionally been divided into early, middle, and late periods. His early period, during which he forged his craft, is typically considered to have lasted until 1802. From 1802 to around 1812, his middle period showed an individual development from the styles of Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and is sometimes characterized as heroic. During this time, he began to grow increasingly deaf. In his late period, from 1812 to 1827, he extended his innovations in musical form and expression.

Beethoven was born in Bonn. His musical talent was obvious at an early age. He was initially harshly and intensively taught by his father, Johann van Beethoven. Beethoven was later taught by the composer and conductor Christian Gottlob Neefe, under whose tutelage he published his first work, a set of keyboard variations, in 1783. He found relief from a dysfunctional home life with the family of Helene von Breuning, whose children he loved, befriended, and taught piano. At age 21, he moved to Vienna, which subsequently became his base, and studied composition with Haydn. Beethoven then gained a reputation as a virtuoso pianist, and was soon patronized by Karl Alois, Prince Lichnowsky for compositions, which resulted in his three Opus 1 piano trios (the earliest works to which he accorded an opus number) in 1795.

His first major orchestral work, the First Symphony, premiered in 1800, and his first set of string quartets was published in 1801. Despite his hearing deteriorating during this period, he continued to conduct, premiering his Third and Fifth Symphonies in 1804 and 1808, respectively. His Violin Concerto appeared in 1806. His last piano concerto (No. 5, Op. 73, known as the Emperor), dedicated to his frequent patron Archduke Rudolf of Austria, premiered in 1811, without Beethoven as soloist. He was almost completely deaf by 1814, and he then gave up performing and appearing in public. He described his problems with health and his unfulfilled personal life in two letters, his Heiligenstadt Testament (1802) to his brothers and his unsent love letter to an unknown "Immortal Beloved" (1812).

After 1810, increasingly less socially involved, Beethoven composed many of his most admired works, including later symphonies, mature chamber music and the late piano sonatas. His only opera, Fidelio, first performed in 1805, was revised to its final version in 1814. He composed Missa solemnis between 1819 and 1823 and his final Symphony, No. 9, one of the first examples of a choral symphony, between 1822 and 1824. Written in his last years, his late string quartets, including the Grosse Fuge, of 1825–1826 are among his final achievements. After some months of bedridden illness, he died in 1827.

Birth and Death Data: Born December 16, 1770 (Bonn), Died March 26, 1827 (Vienna)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1902 - 1947

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 26-50 of 1004 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor C-13205 12-in. 4/28/1913 Sixth symphony (Pastorale) : Allegro ma non troppo Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor C-13206 12-in. 4/28/1913 Sixth symphony : Pastorale : Andante molto moto Victor Concert Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor C-13316 12-in. 5/15/1913 Sixth symphony : Pastorale : Andante molto moto Victor Concert Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor C-13317 12-in. 5/15/1913 Sixth symphony : Pastorale : Allegro Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor B-13460 10-in. 6/19/1913 Moonlight sonata : First movement Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor C-13584 12-in. 7/15/1913 Adelaide Evan Williams Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-14205 12-in. 12/16/1913 Prisoners' chorus Victor Male Chorus Male vocal chorus, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-14241 10-in. 12/22/1913 Menuetto Flonzaley Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor B-14319 10-in. 1/13/1914 Moonlight sonata Vessella's Italian Band Band composer  
Victor C-14387 12-in. 1/28/1914 Funeral march Vessella's Italian Band Band composer  
Victor C-14388 12-in. 1/28/1914 Funeral march Vessella's Italian Band Band composer  
Victor B-14744 10-in. 4/22/1914 Ich liebe Dich Margarethe Arndt-Ober Contralto vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor C-15638 12-in. 1/27/1915 Symphony no. 3, 'Eroica' : 2nd movement (Marcia funebre) Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor C-15639 12-in. 1/27/1915 Symphony no. 3, 'Eroica' : 3rd movement (Allegro vivace) Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor B-15644 10-in. 1/29/1915 The ivy-green Reinald Werrenrath Baritone vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor C-15670 12-in. 2/4/1915 Egmont overture Victor Concert Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor C-15732 12-in. 2/24/1915 Adagio de la sonate en Ut # mineur Venetian Trio (Victor Records ensemble) Instrumental trio composer  
Victor C-15817 12-in. 3/19/1915 Faithfu' Johnie Julia Culp Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-15818 10-in. 3/19/1915 The cottage maid Julia Culp Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-16083 12-in. 6/8/1915 Menuett in G Efrem Zimbalist Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor C-16334 12-in. 8/6/1915 Angel's dream Conway's Band Band composer  
Victor B-16685 10-in. 10/18/1915 Rondino on a theme by Beethoven Mischa Elman Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor C-16719 12-in. 10/26/1915 Quartet in C minor, op. 18, no. 4 : Scherzo Victor String Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor B-16720 10-in. 10/26/1915 Quartet in C minor : Menuetto Victor String Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor B-16802 10-in. 11/23/1915 Menuett in G Natalie Boshko Violin solo, with piano composer  
(Results 26-50 of 1004 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Beethoven, Ludwig van," accessed April 21, 2024, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102527.

Beethoven, Ludwig van. (2024). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved April 21, 2024, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102527.

"Beethoven, Ludwig van." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2024. Web. 21 April 2024.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102527

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