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Ludwig van Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770 – 26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist. Beethoven remains one of the most admired composers in the history of Western music; his works rank among the most performed of the classical music repertoire and span the transition from the Classical period to the Romantic era in classical music. His career has conventionally been divided into early, middle, and late periods. His early period, during which he forged his craft, is typically considered to have lasted until 1802. From 1802 to around 1812, his middle period showed an individual development from the styles of Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and is sometimes characterized as heroic. During this time, he began to grow increasingly deaf. In his late period, from 1812 to 1827, he extended his innovations in musical form and expression.

Beethoven was born in Bonn. His musical talent was obvious at an early age. He was initially harshly and intensively taught by his father, Johann van Beethoven. Beethoven was later taught by the composer and conductor Christian Gottlob Neefe, under whose tutelage he published his first work, a set of keyboard variations, in 1783. He found relief from a dysfunctional home life with the family of Helene von Breuning, whose children he loved, befriended, and taught piano. At age 21, he moved to Vienna, which subsequently became his base, and studied composition with Haydn. Beethoven then gained a reputation as a virtuoso pianist, and was soon patronized by Karl Alois, Prince Lichnowsky for compositions, which resulted in his three Opus 1 piano trios (the earliest works to which he accorded an opus number) in 1795.

His first major orchestral work, the First Symphony, premiered in 1800, and his first set of string quartets was published in 1801. Despite his hearing deteriorating during this period, he continued to conduct, premiering his Third and Fifth Symphonies in 1804 and 1808, respectively. His Violin Concerto appeared in 1806. His last piano concerto (No. 5, Op. 73, known as the Emperor), dedicated to his frequent patron Archduke Rudolf of Austria, premiered in 1811, without Beethoven as soloist. He was almost completely deaf by 1814, and he then gave up performing and appearing in public. He described his problems with health and his unfulfilled personal life in two letters, his Heiligenstadt Testament (1802) to his brothers and his unsent love letter to an unknown "Immortal Beloved" (1812).

After 1810, increasingly less socially involved, Beethoven composed many of his most admired works, including later symphonies, mature chamber music and the late piano sonatas. His only opera, Fidelio, first performed in 1805, was revised to its final version in 1814. He composed Missa solemnis between 1819 and 1823 and his final Symphony, No. 9, one of the first examples of a choral symphony, between 1822 and 1824. Written in his last years, his late string quartets, including the Grosse Fuge, of 1825–1826 are among his final achievements. After some months of bedridden illness, he died in 1827.

Birth and Death Data: Born December 16, 1770 (Bonn), Died March 26, 1827 (Vienna)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1902 - 1947

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 126-150 of 1004 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor CVE-32153 12-in. 3/12/1925 Sonata : Allegretto and presto Olga Samaroff Stokowski Piano solo composer  
Victor CVE-32506 12-in. 4/13/1925 Variations in C minor Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo composer  
Victor CVE-32507 12-in. 4/13/1925 Variations in C minor Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo composer  
Victor BVE-34236 10-in. 12/22/1925 Quartet no. 2 in G major Flonzaley Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor BVE-34237 10-in. 12/22/1925 Quartet no. 2 in G major Flonzaley Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor BVE-34238 10-in. 12/22/1925 Quartet no. 2 in G major Flonzaley Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor BVE-34239 10-in. 12/22/1925 Quartet no. 2 in G major Flonzaley Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor BVE-34240 10-in. 12/22/1925 Quartet no. 2 in G major Flonzaley Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor BVE-34242 10-in. 12/22/1925 Quartet no. 2 in G major Flonzaley Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor BVE-34243 10-in. 12/22/1925 Quartet no. 2 in G major Flonzaley Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor BVE-34244 10-in. 12/22/1925 Quartet no. 2 in G major Flonzaley Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor BVE-35016 10-in. 3/7/1926 Do nocy Filareci Male vocal chorus, unaccompanied composer  
Victor CVE-35130 12-in. 4/26/1926 Moonlight sonata Harold Bauer Piano solo composer  
Victor CVE-35131 12-in. 4/26/1926 Moonlight sonata Harold Bauer Piano solo composer  
Victor CVE-35132 12-in. 4/26/1926 Moonlight sonata Harold Bauer Piano solo composer  
Victor BVE-35165 10-in. 6/1/1926 Instrumental combinations, no. 3 Victor Orchestra Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BVE-35534 10-in. 6/21/1926 Die Ehre Gottes Northeastern Saengerbund of America Male vocal chorus, with orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-35808 12-in. 7/14/1926 Egmont overture Victor Symphony Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-35809 12-in. 7/14/1926 Egmont overture Victor Symphony Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-36126 10-in. 8/23/1926 Variations on "Là ci darem la mano" Hart House String Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor BVE-36127 10-in. 8/24/1926 Variations on "Là ci darem la mano" Hart House String Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor CVE-37140 12-in. 12/16/1926 Moonlight sonata : Adagio sostenuto Ignace Jan Paderewski Piano solo composer  
Victor BVE-37292 10-in. 12/30/1926 Quartet no. 16, in F major Flonzaley Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor BVE-37293 10-in. 12/30/1926 Quartet no. 16, in F major Flonzaley Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor BVE-37294 10-in. 12/30/1926 Quartet no. 16, in F major Flonzaley Quartet String quartet composer  
(Results 126-150 of 1004 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Beethoven, Ludwig van," accessed April 21, 2024, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102527.

Beethoven, Ludwig van. (2024). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved April 21, 2024, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102527.

"Beethoven, Ludwig van." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2024. Web. 21 April 2024.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102527

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