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Ludwig van Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770 – 26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist. Beethoven remains one of the most admired composers in the history of Western music; his works rank among the most performed of the classical music repertoire and span the transition from the Classical period to the Romantic era in classical music. His career has conventionally been divided into early, middle, and late periods. His early period, during which he forged his craft, is typically considered to have lasted until 1802. From 1802 to around 1812, his middle period showed an individual development from the styles of Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and is sometimes characterized as heroic. During this time, he began to grow increasingly deaf. In his late period, from 1812 to 1827, he extended his innovations in musical form and expression.

Beethoven was born in Bonn. His musical talent was obvious at an early age. He was initially harshly and intensively taught by his father, Johann van Beethoven. Beethoven was later taught by the composer and conductor Christian Gottlob Neefe, under whose tutelage he published his first work, a set of keyboard variations, in 1783. He found relief from a dysfunctional home life with the family of Helene von Breuning, whose children he loved, befriended, and taught piano. At age 21, he moved to Vienna, which subsequently became his base, and studied composition with Haydn. Beethoven then gained a reputation as a virtuoso pianist, and was soon patronized by Karl Alois, Prince Lichnowsky for compositions, which resulted in his three Opus 1 piano trios (the earliest works to which he accorded an opus number) in 1795.

His first major orchestral work, the First Symphony, premiered in 1800, and his first set of string quartets was published in 1801. Despite his hearing deteriorating during this period, he continued to conduct, premiering his Third and Fifth Symphonies in 1804 and 1808, respectively. His Violin Concerto appeared in 1806. His last piano concerto (No. 5, Op. 73, known as the Emperor), dedicated to his frequent patron Archduke Rudolf of Austria, premiered in 1811, without Beethoven as soloist. He was almost completely deaf by 1814, and he then gave up performing and appearing in public. He described his problems with health and his unfulfilled personal life in two letters, his Heiligenstadt Testament (1802) to his brothers and his unsent love letter to an unknown "Immortal Beloved" (1812).

After 1810, increasingly less socially involved, Beethoven composed many of his most admired works, including later symphonies, mature chamber music and the late piano sonatas. His only opera, Fidelio, first performed in 1805, was revised to its final version in 1814. He composed Missa solemnis between 1819 and 1823 and his final Symphony, No. 9, one of the first examples of a choral symphony, between 1822 and 1824. Written in his last years, his late string quartets, including the Grosse Fuge, of 1825–1826 are among his final achievements. After some months of bedridden illness, he died in 1827.

Birth and Death Data: Born December 16, 1770 (Bonn), Died March 26, 1827 (Vienna)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1902 - 1947

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 76-100 of 1004 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor B-20821 10-in. 10/4/1917 Symphony in A major : Finale Boston Symphony Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor C-20870 12-in. 10/17/1917 Nuit d'azur Florence Hinkle ; Herbert Witherspoon Vocal duet (soprano and bass), with orchestra composer  
Victor B-21073 10-in. 11/9/1917 Chorus of dervishes Jascha Heifetz Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-21074 10-in. 11/9/1917 Turkish march Jascha Heifetz Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor C-21223 12-in. 12/4/1917 Strings Victor Orchestra Instructional composer  
Victor C-21224 12-in. 12/4/1917 Percussion and full orchestra Victor Orchestra Instructional composer  
Victor B-21411 10-in. 1/10/1918 Minuet in G Ferdinand Himmelreich Celeste solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-21918 12-in. 5/10/1918 Quartet in C major : Fugue Flonzaley Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor C-22237 12-in. 9/11/1918 Romance in G Efrem Zimbalist Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-22637 10-in. 3/20/1919 Turkish march Mischa Elman Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor C-22818 12-in. 5/6/1919 Egmont overture, part 1 Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor C-22819 12-in. 5/6/1919 Egmont overture, part 2 Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor B-22934 10-in. 6/23/1919 Turkish march Guiomar Novaës Piano solo composer  
Victor B-23436 10-in. 10/24/1919 Country dance Mischa Elman Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-23961 10-in. 4/26/1920 F major sonata : Presto Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo composer  
Victor C-24127 12-in. 5/18/1920 Eighth symphony, in F major : Allegretto scherzando (2nd movement) Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor C-24751 12-in. 12/24/1920 Fourth movement : Finale Teatro alla Scala Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor C-24752 12-in. 12/24/1920 Fourth movement : Finale Teatro alla Scala Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor C-25119 12-in. 3/29/1921 Symphony no. 1, in C major : Finale Teatro alla Scala Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor C-25169 12-in. 4/21/1921 Sonata quais una fantasia Olga Samaroff Stokowski Piano solo composer  
Victor B-25170 10-in. 4/21/1921 Turkish march Olga Samaroff Stokowski Piano solo composer  
Victor B-25529 10-in. 8/23/1921 Menuett Victor Orchestra Orchestra, with instrumental solos composer  
Victor BVE-25529 10-in. 8/31/1926 Melodies for children Victor Orchestra Orchestra, with instrumental solos composer  
Victor B-25530 10-in. 8/23/1921 Badinage Victor Orchestra Orchestra, with piccolo, bell, violin, and bassoon solos composer  
Victor BVE-25530 10-in. 8/30/1926 Melodies for children Victor Orchestra Orchestra, with instrumental solos composer  
(Results 76-100 of 1004 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Beethoven, Ludwig van," accessed April 21, 2024, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102527.

Beethoven, Ludwig van. (2024). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved April 21, 2024, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102527.

"Beethoven, Ludwig van." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2024. Web. 21 April 2024.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102527

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