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Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov

Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov (Russian: Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков, IPA: [nʲɪkəˈlaj ɐnˈdrʲejɪvʲɪtɕ ˈrʲimskʲɪj ˈkorsəkəf] (listen); 18 March [O.S. 6 March] 1844 – 21 June [O.S. 8 June] 1908) was a Russian composer, and a member of the group of composers known as The Five. He was a master of orchestration. His best-known orchestral compositions—Capriccio Espagnol, the Russian Easter Festival Overture, and the symphonic suite Scheherazade—are staples of the classical music repertoire, along with suites and excerpts from some of his 15 operas. Scheherazade is an example of his frequent use of fairy-tale and folk subjects.

Rimsky-Korsakov believed in developing a nationalistic style of classical music, as did his fellow-composer Mily Balakirev and the critic Vladimir Stasov. This style employed Russian folk song and lore along with exotic harmonic, melodic and rhythmic elements in a practice known as musical orientalism, and eschewed traditional Western compositional methods. Rimsky-Korsakov appreciated Western musical techniques after he became a professor of musical composition, harmony, and orchestration at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory in 1871. He undertook a rigorous three-year program of self-education and became a master of Western methods, incorporating them alongside the influences of Mikhail Glinka and fellow members of The Five. Rimsky-Korsakov's techniques of composition and orchestration were further enriched by his exposure to the works of Richard Wagner.

For much of his life, Rimsky-Korsakov combined his composition and teaching with a career in the Russian military—at first as an officer in the Imperial Russian Navy, then as the civilian Inspector of Naval Bands. He wrote that he developed a passion for the ocean in childhood from reading books and hearing of his older brother's exploits in the navy. This love of the sea may have influenced him to write two of his best-known orchestral works, the musical tableau Sadko (not to be confused with his later opera of the same name) and Scheherazade. As Inspector of Naval Bands, Rimsky-Korsakov expanded his knowledge of woodwind and brass playing, which enhanced his abilities in orchestration. He passed this knowledge to his students, and also posthumously through a textbook on orchestration that was completed by his son-in-law, Maximilian Steinberg.

Rimsky-Korsakov left a considerable body of original Russian nationalist compositions. He prepared works by The Five for performance, which brought them into the active classical repertoire (although there is controversy over his editing of the works of Modest Mussorgsky), and shaped a generation of younger composers and musicians during his decades as an educator. Rimsky-Korsakov is therefore considered "the main architect" of what the classical-music public considers the "Russian style" of composition. His influence on younger composers was especially important, as he served as a transitional figure between the autodidactism exemplified by Glinka and The Five, and professionally trained composers which would become the norm in Russia by the closing years of the 19th century. While Rimsky-Korsakov's style was based on those of Glinka, Balakirev, Hector Berlioz, Franz Liszt and, for a brief period, Wagner, he "transmitted this style directly to two generations of Russian composers" and influenced non-Russian composers including Maurice Ravel, Claude Debussy, Paul Dukas, and Ottorino Respighi.

Birth and Death Data: Born March 18th, 1844 (Tikhvin), Died June 21st, 1908 (Lyubensk)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1902 - 1950

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, orchestrator, lyricist

Recordings (Results 51-75 of 208 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor CVE-39350 12-in. 10/10/1927 Scheherazade : Symphonic suite Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-39351 12-in. 10/10/1927 Scheherazade : Symphonic suite Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-39352 12-in. 10/10/1927 Scheherazade : Symphonic suite Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-39353 12-in. 10/11/1927 Scheherazade : Symphonic suite Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-39480 10-in. 8/26/1927 Song of India Clarence Kohlmann Organ solo composer  
Victor CVE-42963 12-in. 9/20/1928 Czar Berendey's cavatine José Mojica Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-43727 12-in. 4/13/1928 Berceuse Nina Koshetz Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-43959 10-in. 5/8/1928 Canción de la India Hermanos Hernández Vocal and instrumental trio composer  
Victor CVE-48923 12-in. 1/26/1929 Overture (La grande Pâque Russe) Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-48924 12-in. 1/26/1929 Overture (La grande Pâque Russe) Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-48925 12-in. 1/26/1929 Overture (La grande Pâque Russe) Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-48926 12-in. 1/28/1929 Overture (La grande Pâque Russe) Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-51805 10-in. 4/16/1929 Bumble bee Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo composer  
Victor BVE-51907 10-in. 4/23/1929 Hebrew love song Motion Picture Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-53533 12-in. 6/3/1929 Hymn to the sun Mischa Elman Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor BVE-55180 10-in. 7/31/1929 El vuelo de la abeja (Flight of the bumble bee) Alfredo San Malo Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor BAVE-60905 10-in. Aug. 1931 Chanson indoue Tito Schipa Tenor vocal solo composer  
Victor LBRC-70139 10-in. (33-1/3 rpm) 7/30/1931 The Meistersinger von Nürnberg : Prelude Nathaniel Shilkret ; Victor Symphony Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor BRC-72211 10-in. 3/28/1932 Song of India Pauline Alpert Piano solo composer  
Victor BSHQ-72832 10-in. 5/31/1932 Chanson Indoue Beniamino Gigli Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor PBS-79411 10-in. 10/17/1934 Twinkle toes Mary Adams ; Loraine Mullen Piano duet composer  
Victor BS-81352 10-in. 2/3/1934 Sea murmurs Jascha Heifetz ; Arpad Sandor Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor CS-84513 12-in. 10/8/1934 Scheherazade Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-84514 12-in. 10/8/1934 Scheherazade Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-84515 12-in. 10/8/1934 Scheherazade Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
(Results 51-75 of 208 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolay," accessed October 24, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102531.

Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolay. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 24, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102531.

"Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolay." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 24 October 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102531

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