Joseph Maurice Ravel (French: [ʒɔzɛf mɔʁis ʁavɛl]; 7 March 1875 – 28 December 1937) was a French composer, pianist and conductor. He is often associated with impressionism along with his elder contemporary Claude Debussy, although both composers rejected the term. In the 1920s and 1930s Ravel was internationally regarded as France's greatest living composer.
Born to a music-loving family, Ravel attended France's premier music college, the Paris Conservatoire; he was not well regarded by its conservative establishment, whose biased treatment of him caused a scandal. After leaving the conservatoire, Ravel found his own way as a composer, developing a style of great clarity and incorporating elements of modernism, baroque, neoclassicism and, in his later works, jazz. He liked to experiment with musical form, as in his best-known work, Boléro (1928), in which repetition takes the place of development. He made some orchestral arrangements of other composers' music, of which his 1922 version of Mussorgsky's Pictures at an Exhibition is the best known.
A slow and painstaking worker, Ravel composed fewer pieces than many of his contemporaries. Among his works to enter the repertoire are pieces for piano, chamber music, two piano concertos, ballet music, two operas and eight song cycles; he wrote no symphonies or church music. Many of his works exist in two versions: first, a piano score and later an orchestration. Some of his piano music, such as Gaspard de la nuit (1908), is exceptionally difficult to play, and his complex orchestral works such as Daphnis et Chloé (1912) require skilful balance in performance.
Ravel was among the first composers to recognise the potential of recording to bring their music to a wider public. From the 1920s, despite limited technique as a pianist or conductor, he took part in recordings of several of his works; others were made under his supervision.
Birth and Death Data: Born March 7th, 1875 (Ciboure), Died December 28th, 1937 (Paris)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1917 - 1939
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, orchestrator, arranger, conductor
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 83 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||B-20086||10-in.||6/25/1917||Chanson Hebraique||Alma Gluck||Soprano vocal solo, with violin obbligato and orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-23705||12-in.||1/27/1920||The fountain||Alfred Cortot||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||CVE-32140||12-in.||4/6/1925||Ondine||Alfred Cortot||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||CVE-43705||12-in.||4/6/1928||Kaddish||Nina Koshetz||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||arranger|
|Victor||MVE-46275||16-in.||7/23/1928||Jeux d'eau (Frolic of the waters)||Myrtle C. Eaver ; Elizabeth Harrison||Piano solo; female vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||CVE-47916||12-in.||11/15/1928||Daphnis et Chloé, suite no. 2||Boston Symphony Orchestra ; Serge Koussevitzky||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-47917||12-in.||11/15/1928||Daphnis et Chloé, suite no. 2||Boston Symphony Orchestra ; Serge Koussevitzky||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-47918||12-in.||11/15/1928||Daphnis et Chloé, suite no. 2||Boston Symphony Orchestra ; Serge Koussevitzky||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-47919||12-in.||11/15/1928||Daphnis et Chloé, suite no. 2||Boston Symphony Orchestra ; Serge Koussevitzky||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-49168||10-in.||12/6/1928||Pièce (en forme de habanera)||Fritz Kreisler||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||PCVE-54786||12-in.||5/7/1930||Kaddish||Reuben B. Bindler||Male vocal solo, with piano||arranger|
|Victor||CVE-56820||12-in.||4/14/1930||Bolero||Boston Symphony Orchestra ; Serge Koussevitzky||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-56821||12-in.||4/14/1930||Bolero||Boston Symphony Orchestra ; Serge Koussevitzky||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-56822||12-in.||4/14/1930||Bolero||Boston Symphony Orchestra ; Serge Koussevitzky||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-56865||12-in.||10/27/1930||Pavanne de la belle au bois dormant (Pavanne of the sleeping beauty)||Boston Symphony Orchestra ; Serge Koussevitzky||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-56866||12-in.||10/27/1930||Petit poucet (Hop-o'-my-thumb), concluded||Boston Symphony Orchestra ; Serge Koussevitzky||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-56867||12-in.||10/27/1930||Les entretiens de la bell et de la bête (Conversations of Beauty and the Beast)||Boston Symphony Orchestra ; Serge Koussevitzky||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-56868||12-in.||10/28/1930||Pictures at an exhibition||Boston Symphony Orchestra ; Serge Koussevitzky||Orchestra||orchestrator|
|Victor||CVE-56869||12-in.||10/28/1930||Pictures at an exhibition||Boston Symphony Orchestra ; Serge Koussevitzky||Orchestra||orchestrator|
|Victor||CVE-56870||12-in.||10/28/1930||Pictures at an exhibition||Boston Symphony Orchestra ; Serge Koussevitzky||Orchestra||orchestrator|
|Victor||CVE-56871||12-in.||10/28/1930||Pictures at an exhibition||Boston Symphony Orchestra ; Serge Koussevitzky||Orchestra||orchestrator|
|Victor||CVE-56872||12-in.||10/29/1930||Pictures at an exhibition||Boston Symphony Orchestra ; Serge Koussevitzky||Orchestra||orchestrator|
|Victor||CVE-56873||12-in.||10/29/1930||Pictures at an exhibition||Boston Symphony Orchestra ; Serge Koussevitzky||Orchestra||orchestrator|
|Victor||CVE-56874||12-in.||10/29/1930||Pictures at an exhibition||Boston Symphony Orchestra ; Serge Koussevitzky||Orchestra||orchestrator|
|Victor||CVE-56875||12-in.||10/29/1930||Le jardin féerique (The fairy garden)||Boston Symphony Orchestra ; Serge Koussevitzky||Orchestra||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Ravel, Maurice," accessed March 6, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102534.
Ravel, Maurice. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved March 6, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102534.
"Ravel, Maurice." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 6 March 2021.
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