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Maurice Ravel

Joseph Maurice Ravel (7 March 1875 – 28 December 1937) was a French composer, pianist and conductor. He is often associated with Impressionism along with his elder contemporary Claude Debussy, although both composers rejected the term. In the 1920s and 1930s Ravel was internationally regarded as France's greatest living composer.

Born to a music-loving family, Ravel attended France's premier music college, the Paris Conservatoire; he was not well regarded by its conservative establishment, whose biased treatment of him caused a scandal. After leaving the conservatoire, Ravel found his own way as a composer, developing a style of great clarity and incorporating elements of modernism, baroque, neoclassicism and, in his later works, jazz. He liked to experiment with musical form, as in his best-known work, Boléro (1928), in which repetition takes the place of development. Renowned for his abilities in orchestration, Ravel made some orchestral arrangements of other composers' piano music, of which his 1922 version of Mussorgsky's Pictures at an Exhibition is the best known.

A slow and painstaking worker, Ravel composed fewer pieces than many of his contemporaries. Among his works to enter the repertoire are pieces for piano, chamber music, two piano concertos, ballet music, two operas and eight song cycles; he wrote no symphonies or church music. Many of his works exist in two versions: first, a piano score and later an orchestration. Some of his piano music, such as Gaspard de la nuit (1908), is exceptionally difficult to play, and his complex orchestral works such as Daphnis et Chloé (1912) require skilful balance in performance.

Ravel was among the first composers to recognise the potential of recording to bring their music to a wider public. From the 1920s, despite limited technique as a pianist or conductor, he took part in recordings of several of his works; others were made under his supervision.

Birth and Death Data: Born March 7, 1875 (Ciboure), Died December 28, 1937 (Paris)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1915 - 1949

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, orchestrator, conductor, arranger, piano

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 51-75 of 158 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor CVE-81583 12-in. 1/23/1934 Alborada del gracioso Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra ; Eugene Ormandy Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-81584 12-in. 1/23/1934 Alborada del gracioso Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra ; Eugene Ormandy Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-82125 12-in. 3/17/1934 Rapsodie espagnole Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-82126 12-in. 3/17/1934 Rapsodie espagnole Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-82127 12-in. 3/17/1934 Rapsodie espagnole Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-82128 12-in. 3/17/1934 Rapsodie espagnole Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor BS-87208 10-in. 12/26/1934 Pavane pour une infante défunte Jose Iturbi Piano solo composer  
Victor BS-87209 10-in. 12/26/1934 Pavane pour une infante défunte Jose Iturbi Piano solo composer  
Victor BS-88940 10-in. 4/29/1935 Clair de lune (excerpt) Bruno Reibold ; Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor BS-89889 10-in. 6/11/1935 Fêtes Josef Lhévinne ; Rosina Lhévinne Piano duet arranger  
Victor BS-89890 10-in. 6/11/1935 Fêtes Josef Lhévinne ; Rosina Lhévinne Piano duet arranger  
Victor CS-010994 12-in. 6/30/1937 Bolero Boston Pops Orchestra ; Arthur Fiedler Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-010995 12-in. 6/30/1937 Bolero Boston Pops Orchestra ; Arthur Fiedler Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-010996 12-in. 6/30/1937 Bolero Boston Pops Orchestra ; Arthur Fiedler Orchestra composer  
Victor BS-023563 10-in. 6/10/1938 Tombeau de Couperin : Menuet George Copeland Piano solo composer  
Victor BS-023952 10-in. 6/30/1938 Miroirs Jesús María Sanromá Piano solo composer  
Victor CS-023960 12-in. 6/30/1938 Miroirs Jesús María Sanromá Piano solo composer  
Victor BS-023961 10-in. 6/30/1938 Miroirs Jesús María Sanromá Piano solo composer  
Victor BS-023962 10-in. 6/30/1938 Miroirs Jesús María Sanromá Piano solo composer  
Victor BS-023963 10-in. 6/30/1938 Miroirs Jesús María Sanromá Piano solo composer  
Victor BS-023964 10-in. 6/30/1938 Miroirs Jesús María Sanromá Piano solo composer  
Victor BS-023965 10-in. 6/30/1938 Miroirs Jesús María Sanromá Piano solo composer  
Victor BS-037153 10-in. 5/25/1939 The lamp is low Ray Eberle ; Glenn Miller Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo composer  
Victor BS-051215 10-in. 6/3/1940 Air de l'enfant Frank La Forge ; Lily Pons Soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor BS-068169 10-in. 11/7/1941 Pièce en forme de habañera Max Lanner ; Erica Morini Violin solo, with piano composer  
(Results 51-75 of 158 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Ravel, Maurice," accessed April 13, 2024, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102534.

Ravel, Maurice. (2024). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved April 13, 2024, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102534.

"Ravel, Maurice." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2024. Web. 13 April 2024.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102534

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