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Maurice Ravel

Joseph Maurice Ravel (7 March 1875 – 28 December 1937) was a French composer, pianist and conductor. He is often associated with Impressionism along with his elder contemporary Claude Debussy, although both composers rejected the term. In the 1920s and 1930s Ravel was internationally regarded as France's greatest living composer.

Born to a music-loving family, Ravel attended France's premier music college, the Paris Conservatoire; he was not well regarded by its conservative establishment, whose biased treatment of him caused a scandal. After leaving the conservatoire, Ravel found his own way as a composer, developing a style of great clarity and incorporating elements of modernism, baroque, neoclassicism and, in his later works, jazz. He liked to experiment with musical form, as in his best-known work, Boléro (1928), in which repetition takes the place of development. Renowned for his abilities in orchestration, Ravel made some orchestral arrangements of other composers' piano music, of which his 1922 version of Mussorgsky's Pictures at an Exhibition is the best known.

A slow and painstaking worker, Ravel composed fewer pieces than many of his contemporaries. Among his works to enter the repertoire are pieces for piano, chamber music, two piano concertos, ballet music, two operas and eight song cycles; he wrote no symphonies or church music. Many of his works exist in two versions: first, a piano score and later an orchestration. Some of his piano music, such as Gaspard de la nuit (1908), is exceptionally difficult to play, and his complex orchestral works such as Daphnis et Chloé (1912) require skilful balance in performance.

Ravel was among the first composers to recognise the potential of recording to bring their music to a wider public. From the 1920s, despite limited technique as a pianist or conductor, he took part in recordings of several of his works; others were made under his supervision.

Birth and Death Data: Born March 7, 1875 (Ciboure), Died December 28, 1937 (Paris)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1915 - 1949

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, orchestrator, conductor, arranger, piano

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 151-158 of 158 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Columbia (U.K.) CLX1743 12-in. 12/11/1933 No. 1 - Nicolette Les Chanteurs de Lyon ; Léon Vietti Vocal chorus composer  
Columbia (U.K.) CLX1744 12-in. 12/11/1933 No. 3 - Trois beaux oiseaux du Paradis Les Chanteurs de Lyon ; Léon Vietti Vocal chorus composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL1848 10-in. 10/12/1929 Alborada del gracioso, 1re partie Marcelle Meyer Piano solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL1849 10-in. 10/12/1929 Alborada del gracioso, 2e partie Marcelle Meyer Piano solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) CLX2672 12-in. 5/28/1949 Miroirs Walter Gieseking Piano solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) CLX2673 12-in. 5/28/1949 Miroirs Walter Gieseking Piano solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WLB216 10-in. June 1931 Cake-walk Maurice Bastin ; Henri Marcotty ; Livine Mertens ; Orchestre du Théâtre Royal de la Monnaie Vocal duet (mezzo-soprano and tenor), with orchestra composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WLB217 10-in. June 1931 L'arithmétique Maurice Bastin ; Henri Marcotty ; Livine Mertens ; Orchestre du Théâtre Royal de la Monnaie Vocal duet (mezzo-soprano and tenor), with orchestra composer  
(Results 151-158 of 158 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Ravel, Maurice," accessed April 19, 2024, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102534.

Ravel, Maurice. (2024). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved April 19, 2024, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102534.

"Ravel, Maurice." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2024. Web. 19 April 2024.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102534

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