Judy Garland (born Frances Ethel Gumm; June 10, 1922 – June 22, 1969) was an American actress, singer and dancer. During a career that spanned 45 years, she attained international stardom as an actress in both musical and dramatic roles, as a recording artist, and on the concert stage. Respected for her versatility, she received an Academy Juvenile Award, a Golden Globe Award, a Special Tony Award, and was the first woman to win the Grammy Award for Album of the Year for her 1961 live recording Judy at Carnegie Hall.
Garland began performing in vaudeville as a child with her two older sisters and was later signed to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer as a teenager. She appeared in more than two dozen films for MGM and is best remembered for her portrayal of Dorothy Gale in The Wizard of Oz (1939). Garland was a frequent on-screen partner of both Mickey Rooney and Gene Kelly and regularly collaborated with director and second husband Vincente Minnelli. Other notable film appearances during this period include roles in Meet Me in St. Louis (1944), The Harvey Girls (1946), Easter Parade (1948), and Summer Stock (1950). Garland was released from MGM in 1950, after 15 years with the studio, amid a series of personal struggles that prevented her from fulfilling the terms of her contract.
Although her film career became intermittent thereafter, two of Garland's most critically acclaimed performances came later in her career: she received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in A Star Is Born (1954) and a nomination for Best Supporting Actress for her role in Judgment at Nuremberg (1961). She also made record-breaking concert appearances, released eight studio albums, and hosted her own Emmy-nominated television series, The Judy Garland Show (1963–1964). At age 39, Garland became the youngest and first female recipient of the Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievement in the film industry. In 1997, Garland was posthumously awarded a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Several of her recordings have been inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame, and in 1999, the American Film Institute placed her among the 10 greatest female stars of classic American cinema.
Garland struggled in her personal life from an early age. The pressures of early stardom affected her physical and mental health from the time she was a teenager; her self-image was influenced and constantly criticized by film executives who believed that she was physically unattractive and who manipulated her onscreen physical appearance. Throughout her adulthood she was plagued by alcohol and substance abuse as well as financial instability, often owing hundreds of thousands of dollars in back taxes. Her lifelong struggle with substance abuse ultimately led to her death in London from an accidental barbiturate overdose at age 47.
Birth and Death Data: Born June 10th, 1922 (Grand Rapids), Died June 22nd, 1969 (Chelsea)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1935 - 1947
Roles Represented in DAHR: vocalist
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 80 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Decca||61165||10-in.||6/12/1936||Stornpin' at the Savoy||Bob Crosby Orchestra ; Judy Garland||vocalist|
|Decca||61166||10-in.||6/12/1936||Swing Mr. Charlie||Bob Crosby Orchestra ; Judy Garland||vocalist|
|Decca||72967||10-in.||7/7/1945||On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe||Judy Garland||vocalist|
|Decca||72968||10-in.||7/7/1945||If I had you||Judy Garland||vocalist|
|Decca||72973||10-in.||7/10/1945||You'll never walk alone||Judy Garland||vocalist|
|Decca||72974||10-in.||7/10/1945||Smilin' through||Judy Garland||vocalist|
|Decca||DLA 280||10-in.||11/27/1935||No other one||Judy Garland||vocalist|
|Decca||DLA 283||10-in.||11/27/1935||All is well||Judy Garland||vocalist|
|Decca||DLA 860||10-in.||8/30/1937||Everybody sing||Judy Garland||vocalist|
|Decca||DLA 861||10-in.||8/30/1937||All God's chillun got rhythm||Judy Garland||vocalist|
|Decca||DLA 967||10-in.||9/24/1937||(Dear Mr. Gable) You made me love you||Judy Garland||vocalist|
|Decca||DLA 968||10-in.||9/24/1937||You can't have everything||Judy Garland||vocalist|
|Decca||DLA 1284||10-in.||4/25/1938||Sleep, my baby, sleep||Judy Garland||vocalist|
|Decca||DLA 1285||10-in.||4/25/1938||Cry, baby, cry||Judy Garland||vocalist|
|Decca||DLA 1436||10-in.||8/21/1938||Ten pins in the sky||Judy Garland||vocalist|
|Decca||DLA 1437||10-in.||8/21/1938||It never rains but it pours||Judy Garland||vocalist|
|Decca||DLA 1840||10-in.||7/28/1939||Over the rainbow||Judy Garland||vocalist|
|Decca||DLA 1841||10-in.||7/28/1939||The jitterbug||Judy Garland||vocalist|
|Decca||DLA 1842||10-in.||7/28/1939||In between||Judy Garland||vocalist|
|Decca||DLA 1843||10-in.||7/28/1939||Sweet sixteen||Judy Garland||vocalist|
|Decca||DLA 1850||10-in.||7/29/1939||Zing! Went the strings of my heart||Judy Garland||vocalist|
|Decca||DLA 1851||10-in.||7/29/1939||I'm just wild about Harry||Judy Garland||vocalist|
|Decca||DLA 1852||10-in.||7/29/1939||Swanee||Judy Garland||vocalist|
|Decca||DLA 1853||10-in.||7/29/1939||Fascinating rhythm||Judy Garland||vocalist|
|Decca||DLA 1868||10-in.||10/16/1939||Oceans apart||Judy Garland||vocalist|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Garland, Judy," accessed December 2, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/317106.
Garland, Judy. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 2, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/317106.
"Garland, Judy." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 2 December 2020.
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