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Louis Armstrong

Louis Daniel Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed "Satchmo", "Satch", and "Pops", was an American trumpeter, composer, vocalist, and actor who was among the most influential figures in jazz. His career spanned five decades, from the 1920s to the 1960s, and different eras in the history of jazz. In 2017, he was inducted into the Rhythm & Blues Hall of Fame.

Armstrong was born and raised in New Orleans. Coming to prominence in the 1920s as an inventive trumpet and cornet player, Armstrong was a foundational influence in jazz, shifting the focus of the music from collective improvisation to solo performance. Around 1922, he followed his mentor, Joe "King" Oliver, to Chicago to play in the Creole Jazz Band. In Chicago, he spent time with other popular jazz musicians, reconnecting with his friend Bix Beiderbecke and spending time with Hoagy Carmichael and Lil Hardin. He earned a reputation at "cutting contests", and relocated to New York in order to join Fletcher Henderson's band.

With his instantly recognizable rich, gravelly voice, Armstrong was also an influential singer and skillful improviser, bending the lyrics and melody of a song. He was also skilled at scat singing. Armstrong is renowned for his charismatic stage presence and voice as well as his trumpet playing. By the end of Armstrong's career in the 1960s, his influence had spread to popular music in general. Armstrong was one of the first popular African-American entertainers to "cross over", meaning his music transcended his skin color in a racially divided America. He rarely publicly politicized his race, to the dismay of fellow African Americans, but took a well-publicized stand for desegregation in the Little Rock crisis. He was able to access the upper echelons of American society at a time when this was difficult for black men.

Armstrong appeared in films such as High Society (1956) alongside Bing Crosby, Grace Kelly, and Frank Sinatra, and Hello, Dolly! (1969) starring Barbra Streisand. He received many accolades including three Grammy Award nominations and a win for his vocal performance of Hello, Dolly! in 1964.

Birth and Death Data: Born August 4th, 1901 (New Orleans), Died July 6th, 1971 (New York City;Corona)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1923 - 1969

Roles Represented in DAHR: trumpet, vocalist, leader, cornet, composer, speaker, songwriter, lyricist

Recordings (Results 1-25 of 725 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor BVE-34039 10-in. 12/17/1925 Sugar foot stomp Fred Hamm Orchestra Jazz/dance band composer  
Victor BVE-36896 10-in. 11/2/1926 The king of the Zulus New Orleans Blue Five Jazz/dance band composer  
Victor BVE-38629 10-in. 6/4/1927 Wild man blues Jelly Roll Morton ; Red Hot Peppers Jazz/dance band composer  
Victor BVE-48887 10-in. 2/15/1929 Beau-koo jack Earl Hines Orchestra Jazz/dance band composer  
Victor BRC-53066 10-in. 4/29/1931 Sugar foot stomp Connie’s Inn Orchestra Jazz/dance band composer  
Victor PBVE-54867 10-in. 7/16/1930 Blue yodel no. 9 Jimmie Rodgers Male vocal solo, with cornet, guitar, and piano instrumentalist, trumpet  
Victor BS-74820 10-in. 12/8/1932 That's my home Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with trumpet solo and male vocal solo vocalist, leader, instrumentalist, trumpet  
Victor BS-74821 10-in. 12/8/1932 Hobo you can't ride this train Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with trumpet solo and male vocal solo instrumentalist, trumpet, vocalist, leader, composer, lyricist  
Victor BS-74822 10-in. 12/8/1932 I hate to leave you now Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with trumpet solo and male vocal solo songwriter, leader, vocalist, instrumentalist, trumpet  
Victor BS-74823 10-in. 12/8/1932 You'll wish you'd never been born Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with trumpet solo and male vocal solo instrumentalist, trumpet, vocalist, leader, songwriter  
Victor CS-74877 12-in. 12/21/1932 Medley of Armstrong hits Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo and trumpet solo leader, vocalist, instrumentalist, trumpet  
Victor CS-74878 12-in. 12/21/1932 Medley of Armstrong hits Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo and trumpet solo instrumentalist, trumpet, vocalist, leader  
Victor LBS-74879 10-in. (33-1/3 rpm) 12/21/1932 Medley of Armstrong hits Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo and trumpet solo instrumentalist, trumpet, vocalist, leader  
Victor BS-74891 10-in. 1/26/1933 I've got the world on a string Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trumpet, vocalist, leader  
Victor BS-74892 10-in. 1/26/1933 I gotta right to sing the blues Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trumpet, vocalist, leader  
Victor BS-74893 10-in. 1/26/1933 Hustlin' and bustlin' for baby Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trumpet, vocalist, leader  
Victor BS-74894 10-in. 1/26/1933 Sittin' in the dark Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trumpet, vocalist, leader  
Victor BS-74895 10-in. 1/26/1933 High society Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with spoken introduction speaker, leader, instrumentalist, trumpet  
Victor BS-74896 10-in. 1/26/1933 He's a son of the South Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trumpet, vocalist, leader  
Victor BS-75102 10-in. 1/27/1933 Some sweet day Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trumpet, vocalist, leader  
Victor BS-75103 10-in. 1/27/1933 Basin Street blues Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trumpet, vocalist, leader  
Victor BS-75104 10-in. 1/27/1933 Honey, do Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo instrumentalist, trumpet, vocalist, leader  
Victor BS-75105 10-in. 1/28/1933 Snowball Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo vocalist, leader, instrumentalist, trumpet  
Victor BS-75106 10-in. 1/28/1933 Mahogany Hall stomp Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band instrumentalist, trumpet, leader  
Victor BS-75107 10-in. 1/28/1933 Swing you cats Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band instrumentalist, trumpet, leader  
(Results 1-25 of 725 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Armstrong, Louis," accessed November 26, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101863.

Armstrong, Louis. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved November 26, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101863.

"Armstrong, Louis." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 26 November 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101863

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