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Gioacchino Rossini

Gioachino Antonio Rossini (29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who gained fame for his 39 operas, although he also wrote many songs, some chamber music and piano pieces, and some sacred music. He set new standards for both comic and serious opera before retiring from large-scale composition while still in his thirties, at the height of his popularity.

Born in Pesaro to parents who were both musicians (his father a trumpeter, his mother a singer), Rossini began to compose by the age of 12 and was educated at music school in Bologna. His first opera was performed in Venice in 1810 when he was 18 years old. In 1815 he was engaged to write operas and manage theatres in Naples. In the period 1810–1823 he wrote 34 operas for the Italian stage that were performed in Venice, Milan, Ferrara, Naples and elsewhere; this productivity necessitated an almost formulaic approach for some components (such as overtures) and a certain amount of self-borrowing. During this period he produced his most popular works including the comic operas L'italiana in Algeri, Il barbiere di Siviglia (known in English as The Barber of Seville) and La Cenerentola, which brought to a peak the opera buffa tradition he inherited from masters such as Domenico Cimarosa. He also composed opera seria works such as Otello, Tancredi and Semiramide. All of these attracted admiration for their innovation in melody, harmonic and instrumental colour, and dramatic form. In 1824 he was contracted by the Opéra in Paris, for which he produced an opera to celebrate the coronation of Charles X, Il viaggio a Reims (later cannibalised for his first opera in French, Le comte Ory), revisions of two of his Italian operas, Le siège de Corinthe and Moïse, and in 1829 his last opera, Guillaume Tell.

Rossini's withdrawal from opera for the last 40 years of his life has never been fully explained; contributary factors may have been ill-health, the wealth his success had brought him, and the rise of spectacular grand opera under composers such as Giacomo Meyerbeer. From the early 1830s to 1855, when he left Paris and was based in Bologna, Rossini wrote relatively little. On his return to Paris in 1855 he became renowned for his musical salons on Saturdays, regularly attended by musicians and the artistic and fashionable circles of Paris, for which he wrote the entertaining pieces Péchés de vieillesse. Guests included Franz Liszt, Anton Rubinstein, Giuseppe Verdi, Meyerbeer and Joseph Joachim. Rossini's last major composition was his Petite messe solennelle (1863). He died in Paris in 1868.

Birth and Death Data: Born February 29th, 1792 (Pesaro), Died November 13th, 1868 (Passy)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1897 - 1939

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

Recordings (Results 226-250 of 482 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor BS-010941 10-in. 6/28/1937 William Tell : Overture Boston Pops Orchestra ; Arthur Fiedler Orchestra composer  
Victor BS-010942 10-in. 6/28/1937 William Tell : Overture Boston Pops Orchestra ; Arthur Fiedler Orchestra composer  
Victor BS-010943 10-in. 6/28/1937 William Tell : Overture Boston Pops Orchestra ; Arthur Fiedler Orchestra composer  
Victor BS-010944 10-in. 6/28/1937 William Tell : Overture Boston Pops Orchestra ; Arthur Fiedler Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-015704 12-in. 10/20/1937 Largo al factotum S. Torri Garavelli Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor CS-022940 12-in. 4/28/1938 Largo al factotum Igor Gorin ; Wilfrid Pelletier Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor BS-027220 10-in. 9/26/1938 La promessa Frank La Forge ; Lily Pons Soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor BS-027221 10-in. 9/26/1938 La pastorella delle Alpi Frank La Forge ; Lily Pons Soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor BVE-Test-428 10-in. 10/28/1929 Una voce poco fa Marie Healy Female vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor CVE-Test-882 12-in. 1/2/1931 Bel raggio Clawson Beswick Van Siclen Boy soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor CS-Test-1056 12-in. 7/28/1933 Una voce poco fa Kathryn Newman Soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor [Trial 1923-07-31-01] 12-in. 7/31/1923 Una voce poco fa Marina Campanari Female vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor [Trial 1923-11-01-03] 12-in. 11/1/1923 Largo al factotum Mario Basiola Baritone vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor [Trial 1924-05-01-04] 12-in. 5/1/1924 Cujus animam Albert A. Newcomb Male vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor [Trial 1926-02-04-01] 10-in. 2/4/1926 Barber of Seville : Overture Charles Magnante Accordion solo composer  
Columbia 18 7-in. ca. 1901 Inflammatus Artists vary Cornet solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 18 10-in. ca. 1901-Sept. 1902 Inflammatus Artists vary Cornet solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 80 7-in. ca. 1901-Sept. 1902 Barber of Seville : Overture Columbia Band Band composer  
Columbia 80 10-in. ca. 1901-Sept. 1902 The barber of Seville : Overture Columbia Band Band composer  
Columbia 89 7-in. ca. 1901 William Tell : Overture Columbia Band Band composer  
Columbia 89 10-in. ca. 1901 William Tell : Overture Columbia Band Band composer  
Columbia 186 7-in. ca. 1901-Sept. 1902 Semiramide : Overture Columbia Band Band composer  
Columbia 186 10-in. ca. 1901-Sept. 1902 Semiramide : Overture Columbia Band Band composer  
Columbia 824 7-in. ca. 1902 William Tell : Finale to Overture Charles P. Lowe Xylophone solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 824 10-in. ca. 1902 Overture to William Tell : Finale Charles P. Lowe Xylophone solo, with piano composer  
(Results 226-250 of 482 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Rossini, Gioacchino," accessed March 2, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102419.

Rossini, Gioacchino. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved March 2, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102419.

"Rossini, Gioacchino." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 2 March 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102419

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