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Gioacchino Rossini

Gioachino Antonio Rossini (29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who gained fame for his 39 operas, although he also wrote many songs, some chamber music and piano pieces, and some sacred music. He set new standards for both comic and serious opera before retiring from large-scale composition while still in his thirties, at the height of his popularity.

Born in Pesaro to parents who were both musicians (his father a trumpeter, his mother a singer), Rossini began to compose by the age of 12 and was educated at music school in Bologna. His first opera was performed in Venice in 1810 when he was 18 years old. In 1815 he was engaged to write operas and manage theatres in Naples. In the period 1810–1823 he wrote 34 operas for the Italian stage that were performed in Venice, Milan, Ferrara, Naples and elsewhere; this productivity necessitated an almost formulaic approach for some components (such as overtures) and a certain amount of self-borrowing. During this period he produced his most popular works including the comic operas L'italiana in Algeri, Il barbiere di Siviglia (known in English as The Barber of Seville) and La Cenerentola, which brought to a peak the opera buffa tradition he inherited from masters such as Domenico Cimarosa. He also composed opera seria works such as Otello, Tancredi and Semiramide. All of these attracted admiration for their innovation in melody, harmonic and instrumental colour, and dramatic form. In 1824 he was contracted by the Opéra in Paris, for which he produced an opera to celebrate the coronation of Charles X, Il viaggio a Reims (later cannibalised for his first opera in French, Le comte Ory), revisions of two of his Italian operas, Le siège de Corinthe and Moïse, and in 1829 his last opera, Guillaume Tell.

Rossini's withdrawal from opera for the last 40 years of his life has never been fully explained; contributary factors may have been ill-health, the wealth his success had brought him, and the rise of spectacular grand opera under composers such as Giacomo Meyerbeer. From the early 1830s to 1855, when he left Paris and was based in Bologna, Rossini wrote relatively little. On his return to Paris in 1855 he became renowned for his musical salons on Saturdays, regularly attended by musicians and the artistic and fashionable circles of Paris, for which he wrote the entertaining pieces Péchés de vieillesse. Guests included Franz Liszt, Anton Rubinstein, Giuseppe Verdi, Meyerbeer and Joseph Joachim. Rossini's last major composition was his Petite messe solennelle (1863). He died in Paris in 1868.

Birth and Death Data: Born February 29th, 1792 (Pesaro), Died November 13th, 1868 (Passy)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1897 - 1939

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

Recordings (Results 101-125 of 481 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor B-8645 10-in. 2/17/1910 Cujus animam Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor C-8864 12-in. 4/19/1910 Italian in Algiers overture Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor C-9078 12-in. 6/10/1910 Barber of Seville : Selection Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor C-9373 12-in. 8/26/1910 Inflammatus Nellie Melba Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-9461 12-in. 9/19/1910 Cujus animam Arthur Pryor's Band Band, with trombone solo composer  
Victor C-9473 12-in. 9/21/1910 Cujus animam Arthur Pryor's Band ; Arthur Pryor Band, with trombone solo composer  
Victor C-9516 12-in. 10/5/1910 Pro peccatis Victor Orchestra ; Herbert Witherspoon Bass vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-10071 12-in. 3/17/1911 Una voce poco fa Luisa Tetrazzini Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-10102 12-in. 3/27/1911 Inflammatus Lucy Isabelle Marsh Female vocal solo, with chorus and orchestra composer  
Victor B-10137 10-in. 3/31/1911 Li marinari John McCormack ; Mario Sammarco Vocal duet (tenor and baritone), with orchestra composer  
Victor C-10251 12-in. 5/2/1911 Lord, we praise thy holy name Mixed Trio Mixed vocal trio, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-11214 12-in. 11/9/1911 Largo al factotum Pasquale Amato Baritone vocal solo, with harp and orchestra composer  
Victor C-11590 12-in. 2/13/1912 La danza Enrico Caruso Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-11628 10-in. 2/27/1912 Finale, Act 2 Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor B-11802 10-in. 3/28/1912 Se il mio nome Alberto Amadi Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-11803 10-in. 3/28/1912 Ecco ridente in cielo Alberto Amadi Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-11867 12-in. 4/12/1912 Quis est homo Alma Gluck ; Louise Homer Vocal duet (soprano and contralto), with orchestra composer  
Victor B-11887 10-in. 4/17/1912 William Tell overture : Finale Ferdinand Himmelreich Piano solo composer  
Victor B-11900 10-in. 4/22/1912 William Tell fantasie William H. Reitz Xylophone solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-12657 12-in. 11/27/1912 Inflammatus Mrs. J. C. Hoskins Female vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor C-14200 12-in. 12/15/1913 Cujus animam Enrico Caruso Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-14332 12-in. 1/15/1914 Reminiscenses of Rossini Vessella's Italian Band Band composer  
Victor C-14396 12-in. 1/29/1914 Inflammatus Michele Rinaldi Cornet solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-14439 10-in. 2/12/1914 Danza Lucrezia Bori Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-14520 10-in. 2/26/1914 Resta immobile Titta Ruffo Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
(Results 101-125 of 481 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Rossini, Gioacchino," accessed February 25, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102419.

Rossini, Gioacchino. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved February 25, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102419.

"Rossini, Gioacchino." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 25 February 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102419

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