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Gioacchino Rossini

Gioachino Antonio Rossini (29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who gained fame for his 39 operas, although he also wrote many songs, some chamber music and piano pieces, and some sacred music. He set new standards for both comic and serious opera before retiring from large-scale composition while still in his thirties, at the height of his popularity.

Born in Pesaro to parents who were both musicians (his father a trumpeter, his mother a singer), Rossini began to compose by the age of 12 and was educated at music school in Bologna. His first opera was performed in Venice in 1810 when he was 18 years old. In 1815 he was engaged to write operas and manage theatres in Naples. In the period 1810–1823 he wrote 34 operas for the Italian stage that were performed in Venice, Milan, Ferrara, Naples and elsewhere; this productivity necessitated an almost formulaic approach for some components (such as overtures) and a certain amount of self-borrowing. During this period he produced his most popular works including the comic operas L'italiana in Algeri, Il barbiere di Siviglia (known in English as The Barber of Seville) and La Cenerentola, which brought to a peak the opera buffa tradition he inherited from masters such as Domenico Cimarosa. He also composed opera seria works such as Otello, Tancredi and Semiramide. All of these attracted admiration for their innovation in melody, harmonic and instrumental colour, and dramatic form. In 1824 he was contracted by the Opéra in Paris, for which he produced an opera to celebrate the coronation of Charles X, Il viaggio a Reims (later cannibalised for his first opera in French, Le comte Ory), revisions of two of his Italian operas, Le siège de Corinthe and Moïse, and in 1829 his last opera, Guillaume Tell.

Rossini's withdrawal from opera for the last 40 years of his life has never been fully explained; contributary factors may have been ill-health, the wealth his success had brought him, and the rise of spectacular grand opera under composers such as Giacomo Meyerbeer. From the early 1830s to 1855, when he left Paris and was based in Bologna, Rossini wrote relatively little. On his return to Paris in 1855 he became renowned for his musical salons on Saturdays, regularly attended by musicians and the artistic and fashionable circles of Paris, for which he wrote the entertaining pieces Péchés de vieillesse. Guests included Franz Liszt, Anton Rubinstein, Giuseppe Verdi, Meyerbeer and Joseph Joachim. Rossini's last major composition was his Petite messe solennelle (1863). He died in Paris in 1868.

Birth and Death Data: Born February 29th, 1792 (Pesaro), Died November 13th, 1868 (Passy)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1897 - 1939

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

Recordings (Results 201-225 of 481 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor CVE-42564 12-in. 3/26/1928 Danza Mary Lewis Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-51721 12-in. 4/18/1929 La gazza ladra, part 1 Federico Del Cupolo Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-51722 12-in. 4/18/1929 La gazza ladra, part 2 Federico Del Cupolo Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-56204 10-in. 9/18/1929 Semiramide : Overture Rosario Bourdon ; Victor Symphony Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-56205 10-in. 9/18/1929 Semiramide : Overture Rosario Bourdon ; Victor Symphony Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-56802 12-in. 11/21/1929 Barber of Seville : Overture New York Philharmonic ; Arturo Toscanini Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-56803 12-in. 11/21/1929 Barber of Seville : Overture New York Philharmonic ; Arturo Toscanini Orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-59731 10-in. 3/28/1930 La danza Amelita Galli-Curci Soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor CVE-59753 12-in. 4/15/1930 Largo al factotum Lawrence Tibbett Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor PCVE-61060 12-in. 12/12/1930 Ballet from William Tell Creatore's Band Band composer  
Victor PCVE-61061 12-in. 12/12/1930 Ballet from William Tell Creatore's Band Band composer  
Victor BVE-67481 10-in. 3/2/1931 Una voce poco fa Lily Pons Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-67482 10-in. 3/2/1931 Una voce poco fa Lily Pons Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor CRC-72509 12-in. 4/25/1932 William Tell the apple vendor National Cavaliers Male vocal quartet, with piano composer  
Victor CVE-87590 12-in. 1/15/1935 Non piu mesta Rose Bampton ; Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra ; Eugene Ormandy Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor CS-101214 12-in. 4/10/1936 Semiramide : Overture New York Philharmonic ; Arturo Toscanini Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-101215 12-in. 4/10/1936 Semiramide : Overture New York Philharmonic ; Arturo Toscanini Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-101216 12-in. 4/10/1936 Semiramide : Overture New York Philharmonic ; Arturo Toscanini Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-101217 12-in. 4/10/1936 Semiramide : Overture New York Philharmonic ; Arturo Toscanini Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-101218 12-in. 4/10/1936 L'italiana in Algeri : Overture New York Philharmonic ; Arturo Toscanini Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-101219 12-in. 4/10/1936 L'italiana in Algeri : Overture New York Philharmonic ; Arturo Toscanini Orchestra composer  
Victor C-[Unnumbered 1923-03-19-03] 12-in. 3/19/1923 William Tell overture, part 1 Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor C-[Unnumbered 1923-03-19-04] 12-in. 3/19/1923 William Tell overture, part 2 Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor B-[Unnumbered 1923-03-19-05] 10-in. 3/19/1923 William Tell overture, part 3 Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor S-243 12-in. 7/10/1907 Semiramide : Overture Banda de Policía de México Band composer  
(Results 201-225 of 481 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Rossini, Gioacchino," accessed February 25, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102419.

Rossini, Gioacchino. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved February 25, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102419.

"Rossini, Gioacchino." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 25 February 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102419

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