Clément Philibert Léo Delibes (French: [klemɑ̃ filibɛʁ leo dəlib]; 21 February 1836 – 16 January 1891) was a French composer, best known for his ballets and operas. His works include the ballets Coppélia (1870) and Sylvia (1876) and the opera Lakmé (1883).
Born into a musical family, Delibes enrolled at France's foremost music academy, the Conservatoire de Paris, when he was twelve, studying under several professors including Adolphe Adam. After composing light comic opérettes in the 1850s and 1860s, while also serving as a church organist, Delibes achieved public recognition for his music for the ballet La Source in 1866. His later ballets Coppélia and Sylvia were key works in the development of modern ballet, giving the music much greater importance than previously. He composed a small number of mélodies, some of which are still performed frequently.
Delibes had several attempts at writing more serious operas, and achieved a considerable critical and commercial success in 1883 with Lakmé. In his later years he joined the faculty of the Conservatoire, teaching composition. He died at his home in Paris at the age of 54. Coppélia and Sylvia remain core works in the international ballet repertoire, and Lakmé is revived from time to time in opera houses.
Birth and Death Data: Born February 21st, 1836 (La Flèche), Died Paris
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1900 - 1942
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, lyricist
Recordings (Results 26-50 of 169 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||C-6225||12-in.||5/25/1908||Dôme épais le jasmin||Emma Eames ; Louise Homer||Vocal duet (soprano and contralto), with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-8379||10-in.||11/16/1909||Scarf dance||Victor Dance Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-8400||12-in.||11/23/1909||Scarf dance||Victor Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-8750||12-in.||3/25/1910||Immenso vienteso ... Vien al boscaglia||John McCormack||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-8750||10-in.||3/25/1910||Vien nel contento profondo||John McCormack||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-8855||10-in.||4/15/1910||Naila intermezzo||Pietro Frosini||Accordion solo||composer|
|Victor||B-8965||10-in.||5/18/1910||Pizzicato polka||William H. Reitz||Xylophone solo, unaccompanied||composer|
|Victor||C-10075||12-in.||3/18/1911||Dov'è l'Indiana bruna?||Luisa Tetrazzini||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra and bells||composer|
|Victor||B-11232||10-in.||11/14/1911||The maids of Cadiz||Lucy Isabelle Marsh||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-12228||12-in.||7/24/1912||Coppelia ballet||Conway's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-12543||10-in.||10/28/1912||Bon jour, Suzon!||Charles Dalmorès||Tenor vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-13811||10-in.||9/17/1913||Good-morning, Sue||Ernestine Schumann-Heink||Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-14935||10-in.||6/4/1914||Valse lento||Victor Concert Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-17833||12-in.||6/9/1916||Où va la jeune Hindoue||Mabel Garrison||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-18595||12-in.||10/31/1916||Dov'e l'indiana bruna||Amelita Galli-Curci||Soprano vocal solo, with bells and orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-18959||10-in.||1/4/1917||Pizzicato polka||Charles Kellogg||Whistling solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-19891||10-in.||5/24/1917||Dans la forêt||Frances Alda||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-20467||10-in.||8/1/1917||Mazurka||Victor Concert Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-20468||10-in.||8/1/1917||Czárdás||Victor Concert Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-20628||12-in.||8/15/1917||Festival dance and waltz of the hours||Victor Concert Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-21446||12-in.||2/13/1918||Entr'acte et valse||Victor Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-22280||12-in.||10/8/1918||O fantasia||Carlos Mejía||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-22893||10-in.||6/6/1919||Stances||Georges Baklanoff||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Delibes, Léo," accessed October 22, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102756.
Delibes, Léo. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 22, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102756.
"Delibes, Léo." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 22 October 2020.
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