Clément Philibert Léo Delibes (French: [klemɑ̃ filibɛʁ leo dəlib]; 21 February 1836 – 16 January 1891) was a French composer, best known for his ballets and operas. His works include the ballets Coppélia (1870) and Sylvia (1876) and the opera Lakmé (1883).
Born into a musical family, Delibes enrolled at France's foremost music academy, the Conservatoire de Paris, when he was twelve, studying under several professors including Adolphe Adam. After composing light comic opérettes in the 1850s and 1860s, while also serving as a church organist, Delibes achieved public recognition for his music for the ballet La Source in 1866. His later ballets Coppélia and Sylvia were key works in the development of modern ballet, giving the music much greater importance than previously. He composed a small number of mélodies, some of which are still performed frequently.
Delibes had several attempts at writing more serious operas, and achieved a considerable critical and commercial success in 1883 with Lakmé. In his later years he joined the faculty of the Conservatoire, teaching composition. He died at his home in Paris at the age of 54. Coppélia and Sylvia remain core works in the international ballet repertoire, and Lakmé is revived from time to time in opera houses.
Birth and Death Data: Born February 21st, 1836 (La Flèche), Died Paris
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1900 - 1942
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, lyricist
Recordings (Results 51-75 of 169 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||B-23134||10-in.||9/3/1919||Les filles de Cadix||Amelita Galli-Curci||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-23134||10-in.||3/26/1930||Les filles de Cadix||Amelita Galli-Curci||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-23437||10-in.||10/27/1919||Passepied||Mischa Elman||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-24379||12-in.||8/12/1920||Lakmé fantasie||Orville Harrold||Tenor vocal solo, with harp and orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-25535||10-in.||8/26/1921||Pizzicato polka||Victor Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-28494||10-in.||9/21/1923||Fantaisie aux divins mensonges||Tito Schipa||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-28494||10-in.||11/25/1925||Fantaisie aux divins mensonges||Tito Schipa||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-28617||10-in.||9/28/1923||Coppélia ballet : Entr'acte and waltz||Nathaniel Shilkret ; Victor Symphony Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-28618||10-in.||9/28/1923||Naïla ballet : Intermezzo||Rosario Bourdon ; Victor Symphony Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-28645||10-in.||10/8/1923||Pourquoi dans les grands bois||Lucrezia Bori||Soprano vocal solo, with violin and orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-29037||10-in.||11/27/1923||Lakmé, ton doux regard se voile||Titta Ruffo||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-30285||10-in.||6/16/1924||Coppelia : Waltz||Amelita Galli-Curci||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-31703||10-in.||5/12/1925||Passepied||Ossip Gabrilowitsch||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||B-31703||10-in.||1/13/1925||Passepied||Ossip Gabrilowitsch||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||C-31850||12-in.||2/16/1925||Arioso||Maria Jeritza||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-35175||10-in.||6/3/1926||Bonjour, Suzon||Fred De Lima||Male vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||CVE-38429||12-in.||4/4/1927||Chacone||Irene Gruenberg||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||CVE-41400||12-in.||12/5/1927||Cortege of Bacchus||Victor Symphony Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-42563||12-in.||3/26/1928||Les filles de Cadix||Mary Lewis||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-50789||12-in.||4/3/1929||Oú va la jeune Hindoue||Sofia Del Campo||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-51984||10-in.||5/9/1929||Mazurka||Motion Picture Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-59550||12-in.||3/25/1930||Lakmé : Aria||Hubert Raidich||Male vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||BVE-59725||10-in.||3/26/1930||Où va la jeune Indoue||Lily Pons||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-59726||10-in.||3/26/1930||Là bas, dans la forêt||Lily Pons||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Delibes, Léo," accessed October 24, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102756.
Delibes, Léo. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 24, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102756.
"Delibes, Léo." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 24 October 2020.
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