Francisco Canaro

Francisco Canaro (November 26, 1888 – December 14, 1964) was a Uruguayan violinist and tango orchestra leader.

Canaro was born in San José de Mayo, Uruguay, in 1888. His parents were Italian immigrants, and later, when he was less than 10 years old, they emigrated to Buenos Aires, Argentina in the late nineteenth century. As a young man he found work in a factory, where an empty oil can, in his skilled hands, became his first violin. Performing in seedy bars initially, he ultimately forged a career that spanned many decades, and his orchestra was one of the most recorded. His introduction to the tango came by orquesta típica leader Vicente Greco in 1908, and in 1912 he composed "Pinta brava" ("Fierce Look"). Canaro composed the music for the 1915 Argentine classic film Nobleza gaucha. He later was romantically attached to Argentine actress and tango vocalist Ada Falcón, but the relationship, which began in the early 1920s, grew apart a decade later.

In 1920 Canaro discovered Azucena Maizani, who rapidly developed into a major tango star.

Canaro was active in the cause of intellectual property rights from 1918 onwards, and was instrumental in the establishment of the Argentine Society of Composers and Songwriters (SADAIC), in 1935, purchasing the downtown Buenos Aires lot where its headquarters were built. He performed in Paris with his orchestra in 1925, and a success among local audiences, he remained in Europe for a decade. Becoming a naturalized Argentine citizen in 1940, much of his recorded music is in the classic salon style of that decade, but he is also considered a member of the old guard, and some of his later recordings contributed to the transition to concert tango.

Canaro's orchestra became a fixture on Argentine radio during the 1940s and early 1950s, though for many contemporary dancers and listeners, his early golden age recordings remained the best in their genre. Canaro authored his memoirs, Mis 50 años con el tango (My Fifty Years with the Tango) in 1956, but later developed Paget's disease, and was forced to retire. He died in Buenos Aires in 1964.

Birth and Death Data: Born November 26, 1888 (San José de Mayo), Died December 14, 1964 (Buenos Aires)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1915 - 1947

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, leader, songwriter, lyricist

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 76-100 of 102 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Lindström 2661 12-in. approximately 1930 Corazón de oro Orquesta Tipica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble composer  
Odeon E4569 10-in. 1934 or earlier Chiqué Orquesta Típica Francisco Canaro Orchestra leader  
Odeon E6481 10-in. 1934 or earlier Yo no se que me han hecho tus ojos Orquesta Típica Francisco Canaro Orchestra and vocal chorus composer, leader  
Odeon E7385 10-in. 3/27/1933 Silencio ... ! Carlos Gardel ; Orquesta Francisco Canaro Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble and vocal chorus leader  
Odeon E7623 10-in. 1/29/1934 Divina gitana Orquesta Típica Francisco Canaro Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal duet leader  
Odeon X21293 12-in. approximately 1930 Palabras de Francisco Canaro Carlos Gardel Male vocal solo, with guitars composer  
Decca 70509 10-in. 3/14/1940 Dejalo correr Francisco Canaro leader  
Decca 70510 10-in. 10/29/1941 Infamia Francisco Canaro leader  
Decca 70582 10-in. 12/10/1941 Decile que vuelva Francisco Canaro leader  
Decca 70583 10-in. 12/10/1941 Rancho alegre Francisco Canaro leader  
Decca 71332 10-in. 11/18/1942 ¡Ay! Jalisco no te rajes Francisco Canaro leader  
Columbia (U.K.) WB3166 10-in. 2/20/1930 Sentimiento gaucho Orchestre Argentin (Horacio Pettorossi) Instrumental ensemble composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL2209 10-in. 4/24/1930 El último golpe Rafael Canaro ; Carlitos Dante ; Orquesta Argentina de Rafael Canaro Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia (U.K.) CL5876 10-in. 10/3/1936 Je ne sais Rafael Canaro ; Orquesta de Tangos [Rafael Canaro] ; Raoul Sander Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) CL5878 10-in. 10/3/1936 La muchachada Rafael Canaro ; Orquesta de Tangos [Rafael Canaro] Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) CL6498 10-in. 1/4/1938 Aunque no lo crean Rafael Canaro ; Orquesta Rafael Canaro ; Luis Scalón Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo songwriter  
Columbia (U.K.) CL6499 10-in. 1/4/1938 Casas viejas Rafael Canaro ; Orquesta Rafael Canaro ; Luis Scalón Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) CL6500 10-in. 1/4/1938 Envidia Rafael Canaro ; Orquesta Rafael Canaro ; Luis Scalón Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo songwriter  
Columbia (U.K.) CL6755 10-in. 6/14/1938 Cuando el corazon Rafael Canaro ; Orquesta Rafael Canaro ; Luis Scalón Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) CL6757 10-in. 6/14/1938 Hay que aclarar Rafael Canaro ; Orquesta Rafael Canaro ; Luis Scalón Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) CL7130 10-in. 7/3/1939 Por vos...yo me rompo Rafael Canaro ; Rafael Canaro ; Orquesta Rafael Canaro Instrumental ensemble, with male vocal solo songwriter  
Columbia (U.K.) CL8318 10-in. 1/20/1947 Adios, pampa mia Raymond Legrand ; Tino Rossi Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Decca 6839 10-in. 9/2/1931 Madreselva Francisco Canaro ; Ada Falcón leader  
Decca 9031 10-in. 5/27/1937 Tiempos viejos Charlo leader  
Decca 9337 10-in. 5/27/1937 Desconfiale Charlo leader  
(Results 76-100 of 102 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Canaro, Francisco," accessed January 26, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/106939.

Canaro, Francisco. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved January 26, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/106939.

"Canaro, Francisco." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 26 January 2023.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/106939

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