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John Philip Sousa

John Philip Sousa (; November 6, 1854 – March 6, 1932) was an American composer and conductor of the late Romantic era known primarily for American military marches. He is known as "The March King" or the "American March King", to distinguish him from his British counterpart Kenneth J. Alford who is also known as "The March King". Among his best-known marches are "The Stars and Stripes Forever" (National March of the United States of America), "Semper Fidelis" (official march of the United States Marine Corps), "The Liberty Bell", "The Thunderer", and "The Washington Post".

Sousa began his career playing violin and studying music theory and composition under John Esputa and George Felix Benkert. His father enlisted him in the United States Marine Band as an apprentice in 1868. He left the band in 1875 and learned to conduct. From 1880 until his death, he focused exclusively on conducting and writing music. He eventually rejoined the Marine Band and served there for 12 years as director, after which he organized his own band. Sousa aided in the development of the sousaphone, a large brass instrument similar to the helicon and tuba.

Upon the outbreak of World War I, Sousa was awarded a wartime commission of lieutenant commander to lead the Naval Reserve Band in Illinois. He then returned to conduct the Sousa Band until his death in 1932. (In the 1920s, he was promoted to the permanent rank of lieutenant commander in the naval reserve, but he never saw active service again.)

Birth and Death Data: Born November 6th, 1854 (Washington, D.C.), Died March 6th, 1932 (Reading)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1894 - 1942

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, arranger, conductor, director, speaker

Recordings (Results 351-375 of 685 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor B-16759 10-in. 11/9/1915 The Lambs' march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor B-16783 10-in. 11/19/1915 The gliding girl tango Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor C-17130 12-in. 2/8/1916 The thunderer march Victor Military Band Band composer  
Victor B-17540 10-in. 4/26/1916 Stars and stripes forever Hurtado Brothers Royal Marimba Band of Guatemala Marimba band composer  
Victor B-18099 10-in. 7/12/1916 The Liberty Bell march Conway's Band Band composer  
Victor B-18111 10-in. 7/13/1916 Hands across the sea Conway's Band Band composer  
Victor B-18772 10-in. 12/5/1916 Boy Scouts of America march Victor Military Band Band, with whistling effects composer  
Victor B-19100 10-in. 1/18/1917 A Sousa march John K. Trewetz Lyra harp solo, with harmonica composer  
Victor B-20396 10-in. 7/13/1917 Naval Reserve march Conway's Band Band composer  
Victor B-20397 10-in. 7/13/1917 The white rose march Conway's Band Band arranger  
Victor C-21274 12-in. 12/21/1917 The star spangled banner John Philip Sousa ; Sousa's Band Band arranger, conductor  
Victor B-21275 10-in. 12/21/1917 Liberty Loan march John Philip Sousa ; Sousa's Band Band composer, conductor  
Victor B-21276 10-in. 12/21/1917 America first John Philip Sousa ; Sousa's Band Band conductor, composer  
Victor B-21277 10-in. 12/21/1917 The U. S. Field Artillery march John Philip Sousa ; Sousa's Band Band composer, conductor  
Victor B-21904 10-in. 5/3/1918 The volunteers Victor Military Band Band composer  
Victor B-22224 10-in. 9/6/1918 Sabre and spurs march Sousa's Band Band composer, conductor  
Victor B-22225 10-in. 9/6/1918 Solid men to the front Sousa's Band Band composer, conductor  
Victor B-22257 10-in. 9/25/1918 Medley of Sousa marches Pietro Deiro Accordion solo composer  
Victor C-22258 12-in. 9/25/1918 Medley of Sousa marches Pietro Deiro Accordion solo composer  
Victor C-22468 12-in. 12/13/1918 Wedding march Sousa's Band [i.e., Pryor's Band] Band composer  
Victor B-23183 10-in. 10/2/1919 Bullets and bayonets Sousa's Band [i.e., Victor Band] Band composer  
Victor C-23184 12-in. 10/2/1919 Golden star Sousa's Band [i.e., Victor Band] Band composer  
Victor B-23575 10-in. 1/13/1920 Hands across the sea Victor Band Band composer  
Victor B-24160 10-in. 6/10/1920 Who's who in Navy blue Sousa's Band [i.e., Victor Band] Band composer  
Victor B-24161 10-in. 6/10/1920 Comrades of the legion Sousa's Band [i.e., Victor Band] Band composer  
(Results 351-375 of 685 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Sousa, John Philip," accessed February 25, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569.

Sousa, John Philip. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved February 25, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569.

"Sousa, John Philip." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 25 February 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569

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