John Philip Sousa
John Philip Sousa (; November 6, 1854 – March 6, 1932) was an American composer and conductor of the late Romantic era known primarily for American military marches. He is known as "The March King" or the "American March King", to distinguish him from his British counterpart Kenneth J. Alford who is also known as "The March King". Among his best-known marches are "The Stars and Stripes Forever" (National March of the United States of America), "Semper Fidelis" (official march of the United States Marine Corps), "The Liberty Bell", "The Thunderer", and "The Washington Post".
Sousa began his career playing violin and studying music theory and composition under John Esputa and George Felix Benkert. His father enlisted him in the United States Marine Band as an apprentice in 1868. He left the band in 1875 and learned to conduct. From 1880 until his death, he focused exclusively on conducting and writing music. He eventually rejoined the Marine Band and served there for 12 years as director, after which he organized his own band. Sousa aided in the development of the sousaphone, a large brass instrument similar to the helicon and tuba.
Upon the outbreak of World War I, Sousa was awarded a wartime commission of lieutenant commander to lead the Naval Reserve Band in Illinois. He then returned to conduct the Sousa Band until his death in 1932. (In the 1920s, he was promoted to the permanent rank of lieutenant commander in the naval reserve, but he never saw active service again.)
Birth and Death Data: Born November 6th, 1854 (Washington, D.C.), Died March 6th, 1932 (Reading)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1894 - 1942
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, arranger, conductor, director, speaker
Recordings (Results 276-300 of 685 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||B-818||10-in.||12/14/1903||El capitan march||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||A-820||7-in.||12/14/1903||The nigger in the woodpile||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-820||10-in.||12/14/1903||The nigger in the woodpile||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||A-821||7-in.||12/14/1903||King Cotton march||Sousa's Band [i.e., Pryor's Band]||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-821||10-in.||12/14/1903||King Cotton march||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||BVE-821||10-in.||11/10/1925||King Cotton||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||A-958||7-in.||1/21/1904||El capitan march||Victor Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-958||10-in.||1/21/1904||El capitan march||Victor Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||A-1147||7-in.||3/21/1904||El capitan march||Arthur Pryor's Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-1147||10-in.||3/21/1904||El capitan march||Arthur Pryor's Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||E-1147||8-in.||4/18/1906||El capitan march||Arthur Pryor's Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-1153||10-in.||3/22/1904||The man behind the gun march||Arthur Pryor's Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-1153||12-in.||3/22/1904||The man behind the gun march||Arthur Pryor's Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||E-1153||8-in.||4/19/1906||Man behind the gun march||Pryor's Orchestra [i.e., Victor Orchestra]||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-1319||10-in.||5/17/1904||The stars and stripes forever||Victor Male Chorus||Male vocal chorus, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-1319||12-in.||5/17/1904||The stars and stripes forever||Victor Male Chorus||Male vocal chorus, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||A-1334||7-in.||5/20/1904||Jack Tar march||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-1334||10-in.||5/20/1904||Jack Tar march||Arthur Pryor's Orchestra||Band||composer|
|Victor||E-1334||8-in.||4/19/1906||Jack Tar march||Pryor's Orchestra [i.e., Victor Orchestra]||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-1521||10-in.||6/27/1904||Washington Post march||Victor Dance Orchestra [i.e., Pryor's Orchestra]||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-1521||12-in.||6/27/1904||Washington Post march||Victor Dance Orchestra [i.e., Pryor's Orchestra]||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-2015||10-in.||12/6/1904||The diplomat||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||E-2015||8-in.||9/5/1906||The diplomat march||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||C-2015||12-in.||12/6/1904||The diplomat||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||E-2016||8-in.||9/4/1906||Hands across the sea||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Sousa, John Philip," accessed February 25, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569.
Sousa, John Philip. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved February 25, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569.
"Sousa, John Philip." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 25 February 2021.
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