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John Philip Sousa

John Philip Sousa (; November 6, 1854 – March 6, 1932) was an American composer and conductor of the late Romantic era known primarily for American military marches. He is known as "The March King" or the "American March King", to distinguish him from his British counterpart Kenneth J. Alford who is also known as "The March King". Among his best-known marches are "The Stars and Stripes Forever" (National March of the United States of America), "Semper Fidelis" (official march of the United States Marine Corps), "The Liberty Bell", "The Thunderer", and "The Washington Post".

Sousa began his career playing violin and studying music theory and composition under John Esputa and George Felix Benkert. His father enlisted him in the United States Marine Band as an apprentice in 1868. He left the band in 1875 and learned to conduct. From 1880 until his death, he focused exclusively on conducting and writing music. He eventually rejoined the Marine Band and served there for 12 years as director, after which he organized his own band. Sousa aided in the development of the sousaphone, a large brass instrument similar to the helicon and tuba.

Upon the outbreak of World War I, Sousa was awarded a wartime commission of lieutenant commander to lead the Naval Reserve Band in Illinois. He then returned to conduct the Sousa Band until his death in 1932. (In the 1920s, he was promoted to the permanent rank of lieutenant commander in the naval reserve, but he never saw active service again.)

Birth and Death Data: Born November 6th, 1854 (Washington, D.C.), Died March 6th, 1932 (Reading)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1894 - 1942

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, arranger, conductor, director, speaker

Recordings (Results 276-300 of 685 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor B-818 10-in. 12/14/1903 El capitan march Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor A-820 7-in. 12/14/1903 The nigger in the woodpile Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor B-820 10-in. 12/14/1903 The nigger in the woodpile Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor A-821 7-in. 12/14/1903 King Cotton march Sousa's Band [i.e., Pryor's Band] Band composer  
Victor B-821 10-in. 12/14/1903 King Cotton march Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor BVE-821 10-in. 11/10/1925 King Cotton Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor A-958 7-in. 1/21/1904 El capitan march Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor B-958 10-in. 1/21/1904 El capitan march Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor A-1147 7-in. 3/21/1904 El capitan march Arthur Pryor's Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor B-1147 10-in. 3/21/1904 El capitan march Arthur Pryor's Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor E-1147 8-in. 4/18/1906 El capitan march Arthur Pryor's Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor B-1153 10-in. 3/22/1904 The man behind the gun march Arthur Pryor's Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor C-1153 12-in. 3/22/1904 The man behind the gun march Arthur Pryor's Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor E-1153 8-in. 4/19/1906 Man behind the gun march Pryor's Orchestra [i.e., Victor Orchestra] Orchestra composer  
Victor B-1319 10-in. 5/17/1904 The stars and stripes forever Victor Male Chorus Male vocal chorus, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-1319 12-in. 5/17/1904 The stars and stripes forever Victor Male Chorus Male vocal chorus, with orchestra composer  
Victor A-1334 7-in. 5/20/1904 Jack Tar march Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor B-1334 10-in. 5/20/1904 Jack Tar march Arthur Pryor's Orchestra Band composer  
Victor E-1334 8-in. 4/19/1906 Jack Tar march Pryor's Orchestra [i.e., Victor Orchestra] Orchestra composer  
Victor B-1521 10-in. 6/27/1904 Washington Post march Victor Dance Orchestra [i.e., Pryor's Orchestra] Orchestra composer  
Victor C-1521 12-in. 6/27/1904 Washington Post march Victor Dance Orchestra [i.e., Pryor's Orchestra] Orchestra composer  
Victor B-2015 10-in. 12/6/1904 The diplomat Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor E-2015 8-in. 9/5/1906 The diplomat march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor C-2015 12-in. 12/6/1904 The diplomat Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor E-2016 8-in. 9/4/1906 Hands across the sea Sousa's Band Band composer  
(Results 276-300 of 685 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Sousa, John Philip," accessed February 25, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569.

Sousa, John Philip. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved February 25, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569.

"Sousa, John Philip." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 25 February 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569

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