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John Philip Sousa

John Philip Sousa (; November 6, 1854 – March 6, 1932) was an American composer and conductor of the late Romantic era known primarily for American military marches. He is known as "The March King" or the "American March King", to distinguish him from his British counterpart Kenneth J. Alford who is also known as "The March King". Among his best-known marches are "The Stars and Stripes Forever" (National March of the United States of America), "Semper Fidelis" (official march of the United States Marine Corps), "The Liberty Bell", "The Thunderer", and "The Washington Post".

Sousa began his career playing violin and studying music theory and composition under John Esputa and George Felix Benkert. His father enlisted him in the United States Marine Band as an apprentice in 1868. He left the band in 1875 and learned to conduct. From 1880 until his death, he focused exclusively on conducting and writing music. He eventually rejoined the Marine Band and served there for 12 years as director, after which he organized his own band. Sousa aided in the development of the sousaphone, a large brass instrument similar to the helicon and tuba.

Upon the outbreak of World War I, Sousa was awarded a wartime commission of lieutenant commander to lead the Naval Reserve Band in Illinois. He then returned to conduct the Sousa Band until his death in 1932. (In the 1920s, he was promoted to the permanent rank of lieutenant commander in the naval reserve, but he never saw active service again.)

Birth and Death Data: Born November 6th, 1854 (Washington, D.C.), Died March 6th, 1932 (Reading)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1894 - 1938

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, arranger, conductor, director

Recordings (Results 151-175 of 676 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]1418 10-in. 6/3/1902 Imperial Edward Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]1437 7-in. 6/19/1902 The thunderer march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]1437 10-in. 6/20/1902 The thunderer march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]1438 7-in. 1/19/1902 In the realm of the waltz Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]1438 10-in. 6/19/1902 In the realm of the waltz Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix C-]1438 12-in. 6/19/1902 In the realm of the waltz Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix C-]2013 12-in. 1901-1902 Invincible eagle march Victor Grand Concert Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]3014 10-in. 1/10/1901 The stars and stripes forever Metropolitan Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]3017 10-in. 1/26/1901 The stars and stripes forever Kendle's First Regiment Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]3018 10-in. 1/26/1901 The man behind the gun Kendle's First Regiment Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]3019 10-in. 1/26/1901 Hail to the spirit of liberty march Kendle's First Regiment Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]3022 10-in. 1/14/1901 The gladiator march Kendle's First Regiment Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]3044 10-in. 1/21/1901 The man behind the gun Vess L. Ossman Banjo solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]3045 10-in. 1/21/1901 The stars and stripes forever Vess L. Ossman Banjo solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]3046 10-in. 1/21/1901 Hands across the sea Vess L. Ossman Banjo solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]3215 10-in. 3/20/1901 Hail to the spirit of liberty march Metropolitan Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]3224 10-in. 4/3/1901 Hail to the spirit of liberty march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]3225 10-in. 4/3/1901 Stars and stripes forever march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]3226 10-in. 4/3/1901 Hands across the sea Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]3227 10-in. 4/3/1901 The man behind the gun Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]3228 10-in. 4/3/1901 The gladiator march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]3229 10-in. 4/3/1901 Picadore march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]3244 10-in. 4/4/1901 Funeral march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]3435 10-in. 6/7/1901 The invincible eagle march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix C-]31051 12-in. 1901-1902 Jack Tar march Sousa's Band Band composer  
(Results 151-175 of 676 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Sousa, John Philip," accessed December 1, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569.

Sousa, John Philip. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 1, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569.

"Sousa, John Philip." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 1 December 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569

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