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John Philip Sousa

John Philip Sousa (; November 6, 1854 – March 6, 1932) was an American composer and conductor of the late Romantic era known primarily for American military marches. He is known as "The March King" or the "American March King", to distinguish him from his British counterpart Kenneth J. Alford who is also known as "The March King". Among his best-known marches are "The Stars and Stripes Forever" (National March of the United States of America), "Semper Fidelis" (official march of the United States Marine Corps), "The Liberty Bell", "The Thunderer", and "The Washington Post".

Sousa began his career playing violin and studying music theory and composition under John Esputa and George Felix Benkert. His father enlisted him in the United States Marine Band as an apprentice in 1868. He left the band in 1875 and learned to conduct. From 1880 until his death, he focused exclusively on conducting and writing music. He eventually rejoined the Marine Band and served there for 12 years as director, after which he organized his own band. Sousa aided in the development of the sousaphone, a large brass instrument similar to the helicon and tuba.

Upon the outbreak of World War I, Sousa was awarded a wartime commission of lieutenant commander to lead the Naval Reserve Band in Illinois. He then returned to conduct the Sousa Band until his death in 1932. (In the 1920s, he was promoted to the permanent rank of lieutenant commander in the naval reserve, but he never saw active service again.)

Birth and Death Data: Born November 6th, 1854 (Washington, D.C.), Died March 6th, 1932 (Reading)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1894 - 1938

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, arranger, conductor, director

Recordings (Results 76-100 of 676 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]304 7-in. 10/4/1900 March from El capitan Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]304 10-in. 1/3/1902 March from El capitan Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]305 7-in. 10/1/1900 Mother Hubbard march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]306 7-in. 10/2/1900 Stars and stripes forever Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]306 10-in. 4/2/1901 Stars and stripes forever Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]307 7-in. 10/1/1900 The man behind the gun Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]307 10-in. 6/21/1902 The man behind the gun Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]308 7-in. 10/4/1900 The directorate march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]309 7-in. 10/6/1900 Fanny waltz Arthur Pryor ; Sousa's Band Band, with trombone solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]317 7-in. 10/2/1900 Chopin's waltz Sousa's Band Band arranger  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]317 10-in. 12/16/1902 Chopin's waltz Sousa's Band Band arranger  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]318 7-in. 10/2/1900 Chopin's polonaise Sousa's Band Band arranger  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]318 10-in. 12/16/1902 Chopin's polonaise Sousa's Band Band arranger  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]322 7-in. 10/6/1900 God save the Queen Sousa's Band Band arranger  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]335 7-in. 10/5/1900 Tarantella Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]336 7-in. 10/3/1900 The star spangled banner Sousa's Band Band arranger  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]336 10-in. 6/18/1902 The star spangled banner Sousa's Band Band arranger  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]339 7-in. 10/2/1900 The lily bells Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]339 10-in. 6/21/1902 The lily bells Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix C-]339 12-in. 6/21/1902 The lily bells Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]365 7-in. 10/2/1900 Hail to the spirit of liberty Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]365 10-in. 1/8/1902 Hail to the spirit of liberty Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]844 7-in. 6/5/1901 The invincible eagle march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]844 10-in. 6/5/1901 The invincible eagle march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix C-]844 12-in. 6/24/1902 The invincible eagle march Sousa's Band Band composer  
(Results 76-100 of 676 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Sousa, John Philip," accessed December 1, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569.

Sousa, John Philip. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 1, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569.

"Sousa, John Philip." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 1 December 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569

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