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John Philip Sousa

John Philip Sousa (; November 6, 1854 – March 6, 1932) was an American composer and conductor of the late Romantic era known primarily for American military marches. He is known as "The March King" or the "American March King", to distinguish him from his British counterpart Kenneth J. Alford who is also known as "The March King". Among his best-known marches are "The Stars and Stripes Forever" (National March of the United States of America), "Semper Fidelis" (official march of the United States Marine Corps), "The Liberty Bell", "The Thunderer", and "The Washington Post".

Sousa began his career playing violin and studying music theory and composition under John Esputa and George Felix Benkert. His father enlisted him in the United States Marine Band as an apprentice in 1868. He left the band in 1875 and learned to conduct. From 1880 until his death, he focused exclusively on conducting and writing music. He eventually rejoined the Marine Band and served there for 12 years as director, after which he organized his own band. Sousa aided in the development of the sousaphone, a large brass instrument similar to the helicon and tuba.

Upon the outbreak of World War I, Sousa was awarded a wartime commission of lieutenant commander to lead the Naval Reserve Band in Illinois. He then returned to conduct the Sousa Band until his death in 1932. (In the 1920s, he was promoted to the permanent rank of lieutenant commander in the naval reserve, but he never saw active service again.)

Birth and Death Data: Born November 6th, 1854 (Washington, D.C.), Died March 6th, 1932 (Reading)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1894 - 1938

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, arranger, conductor, director

Recordings (Results 176-200 of 676 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor [Pre-matrix C-]31086 12-in. 1901-1902 Songs of grace and glory Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor C-129 [Old series] 12-in. 2/9/1903 or 5/26/1903 Invincible eagle march Victor Grand Concert Band Band composer  
Victor A-240 7-in. 8/12/1903 Jack Tar march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor B-240 10-in. 8/12/1903 Jack Tar march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor C-240 12-in. 8/12/1903 Jack Tar march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor E-240 8-in. 4/10/1906 Jack Tar march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor A-241 7-in. 8/11/1903 Stars and stripes forever march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor B-241 10-in. 8/11/1903 Stars and stripes forever march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor BVE-241 10-in. 5/28/1926 The stars and stripes forever Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor C-241 12-in. 8/27/1903 Stars and stripes forever Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor D-241 14-in. 10/26/1905 The stars and stripes forever Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor E-241 8-in. 4/9/1906 The stars and stripes forever Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor A-242 7-in. 8/11/1903 Semper fidelis march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor B-242 10-in. 8/11/1903 Semper fidelis march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor A-243 7-in. 8/11/1903 High school cadets march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor BVE-243 10-in. 10/22/1925 High school cadets march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor E-243 8-in. 4/9/1906 High school cadets march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor B-243 10-in. 8/11/1903 High school cadets march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor A-244 7-in. 8/11/1903 Picador march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor B-244 10-in. 8/11/1903 Picador march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor A-245 7-in. 8/11/1903 Gladiator march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor B-245 10-in. 8/11/1903 Gladiator march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor A-246 7-in. 8/11/1903 The thunderer march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor B-246 10-in. 8/11/1903 Thunderer march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor E-246 8-in. 9/5/1906 Thunderer march Sousa's Band Band composer  
(Results 176-200 of 676 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Sousa, John Philip," accessed December 1, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569.

Sousa, John Philip. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 1, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569.

"Sousa, John Philip." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 1 December 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569

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