Robert Schumann (German: [ˈʃuːman]; 8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. His teacher, Friedrich Wieck, a German pianist, had assured him that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.
In 1840, after a long and acrimonious legal battle with Wieck, who opposed the marriage, Schumann married Wieck's daughter Clara. A lifelong partnership in music began, as Clara herself was an established pianist and music prodigy. Clara and Robert also maintained a close relationship with German composer Johannes Brahms.
Until 1840, Schumann wrote exclusively for the piano. Later, he composed piano and orchestral works, and many Lieder (songs for voice and piano). He composed four symphonies, one opera, and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. His best-known works include Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C. Schumann was known for infusing his music with characters through motifs, as well as references to works of literature. These characters bled into his editorial writing in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication that he co-founded.
Schumann suffered from a mental disorder that first manifested in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode—which recurred several times alternating with phases of "exaltation" and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. What is now thought to have been a combination of bipolar disorder and perhaps mercury poisoning led to "manic" and "depressive" periods in Schumann's compositional productivity. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted at his own request to a mental asylum in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with psychotic melancholia, he died of pneumonia two years later at the age of 46, without recovering from his mental illness.
Birth and Death Data: Born June 8, 1810 (Zwickau), Died July 29, 1856 (Endenich)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1897 - 1947
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
Recordings (Results 301-325 of 567 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||CS-048816||12-in.||4/14/1940||Evening song||Charles O'Connell ; Victor Symphony Orchestra||2 pianos and orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BS-048989||10-in.||5/2/1940||Träumerei||Alberto Rizzi ; Victor Dinner Ensemble||Instrumental quintet||composer|
|Victor||BS-050503||10-in.||5/3/1940||The two grenadiers||Frank La Forge||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||BS-062759||10-in.||3/14/1941||Talking to the wind||Barry Wood||Male vocal solo, with jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||D7VB-0776||10-in.||8/7/1947||Träumerei||Wayne King Orchestra||Instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Victor||D7VB-0779||10-in.||8/7/1947||Dedication||Wayne King ; Franklyn MacCormack ; Wayne King Orchestra||Instrumental ensemble, with monologue||composer|
|Victor||D7RB-2735||10-in.||12/22/1947||Träumerei||Robert Armbruster ; Lotte Lehmann||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BS-Test-1055||10-in.||7/28/1933||Der Herrlichste von allen||Marian Anderson||Contralto vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||BS-Test-1917||10-in.||1/14/1935||The lass with the delicate air||Mildred Faas||Female vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||[Trial 1915-04-01-02]||Not documented||4/1/1915||Traumerei||Donald MacBeath||Instrumental solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||[Trial 1916-04-03-01]||Not documented||4/3/1916||Widmung||Irene Gratz||Female vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||[Trial 1916-11-15-02]||Not documented||11/15/1916||Du bist wie eine Blume||Mischa Léon||Male vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||[Trial 1917-07-19-03]||Not documented||7/19/1917||Träumerei||Fritz Bruch ; Lucy Bruch||Violin and cello duet||composer|
|Victor||[Trial 1925-05-20-04]||10-in.||5/20/1925||Die Lotusblume||Anita Lowell||Female vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||[Trial 1926-11-23-01]||10-in.||11/23/1926||Return of spring||Emily Stokes Hagar||Female vocal solo||composer|
|Columbia||63||7-in.||ca. 1901-Sept. 1902||Träumerei||Artists vary||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Columbia||63||10-in.||ca. 1901-Sept. 1902||Träumerei||Artists vary||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Columbia||566||7-in.||ca. 1902-Oct. 1905||Träumerei||Columbia Band||Band||composer|
|Columbia||566||10-in.||ca. 1902||Träumerei||Columbia Band||Band||composer|
|Columbia||702||7-in.||ca. Jan.-Sept. 1902||Träumerei||Artists vary||Orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||702||10-in.||ca. Jan.-Sept. 1902||Träumerei||Artists vary||Orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||3627||10-in.||Jan.-May 1907||Träumerei : No. 7||Victor E. Sorlin||Cello solo, with piano||composer|
|Columbia||4080||10-in.||ca. April 1-7, 1909||The two grenadiers||Albert Edmund Brown||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||19324||10-in.||5/1/1911||Widmung||Cecil Fanning||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||19674||10-in.||11/24/1911||Träumerei||Jules Falk||Violin solo, with orchestra||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Schumann, Robert," accessed January 27, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.
Schumann, Robert. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved January 27, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.
"Schumann, Robert." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 27 January 2023.
DAHR Persistent Identifier
Wikipedia content provided under the terms of the Creative Commons BY-SA license
Send the Editors a message about this record.