Robert Schumann

Robert Schumann (German: [ˈʃuːman]; 8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. His teacher, Friedrich Wieck, a German pianist, had assured him that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.

In 1840, after a long and acrimonious legal battle with Wieck, who opposed the marriage, Schumann married Wieck's daughter Clara. A lifelong partnership in music began, as Clara herself was an established pianist and music prodigy. Clara and Robert also maintained a close relationship with German composer Johannes Brahms.

Until 1840, Schumann wrote exclusively for the piano. Later, he composed piano and orchestral works, and many Lieder (songs for voice and piano). He composed four symphonies, one opera, and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. His best-known works include Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C. Schumann was known for infusing his music with characters through motifs, as well as references to works of literature. These characters bled into his editorial writing in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication that he co-founded.

Schumann suffered from a mental disorder that first manifested in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode—which recurred several times alternating with phases of "exaltation" and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. What is now thought to have been a combination of bipolar disorder and perhaps mercury poisoning led to "manic" and "depressive" periods in Schumann's compositional productivity. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted at his own request to a mental asylum in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with psychotic melancholia, he died of pneumonia two years later at the age of 46, without recovering from his mental illness.

Birth and Death Data: Born June 8, 1810 (Zwickau), Died July 29, 1856 (Endenich)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1897 - 1947

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 301-325 of 567 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor CS-048816 12-in. 4/14/1940 Evening song Charles O'Connell ; Victor Symphony Orchestra 2 pianos and orchestra composer  
Victor BS-048989 10-in. 5/2/1940 Träumerei Alberto Rizzi ; Victor Dinner Ensemble Instrumental quintet composer  
Victor BS-050503 10-in. 5/3/1940 The two grenadiers Frank La Forge Piano solo composer  
Victor BS-062759 10-in. 3/14/1941 Talking to the wind Barry Wood Male vocal solo, with jazz/dance band composer  
Victor D7VB-0776 10-in. 8/7/1947 Träumerei Wayne King Orchestra Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor D7VB-0779 10-in. 8/7/1947 Dedication Wayne King ; Franklyn MacCormack ; Wayne King Orchestra Instrumental ensemble, with monologue composer  
Victor D7RB-2735 10-in. 12/22/1947 Träumerei Robert Armbruster ; Lotte Lehmann Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor BS-Test-1055 10-in. 7/28/1933 Der Herrlichste von allen Marian Anderson Contralto vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor BS-Test-1917 10-in. 1/14/1935 The lass with the delicate air Mildred Faas Female vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor [Trial 1915-04-01-02] Not documented 4/1/1915 Traumerei Donald MacBeath Instrumental solo, with piano composer  
Victor [Trial 1916-04-03-01] Not documented 4/3/1916 Widmung Irene Gratz Female vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor [Trial 1916-11-15-02] Not documented 11/15/1916 Du bist wie eine Blume Mischa Léon Male vocal solo composer  
Victor [Trial 1917-07-19-03] Not documented 7/19/1917 Träumerei Fritz Bruch ; Lucy Bruch Violin and cello duet composer  
Victor [Trial 1925-05-20-04] 10-in. 5/20/1925 Die Lotusblume Anita Lowell Female vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor [Trial 1926-11-23-01] 10-in. 11/23/1926 Return of spring Emily Stokes Hagar Female vocal solo composer  
Columbia 63 7-in. ca. 1901-Sept. 1902 Träumerei Artists vary Violin solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 63 10-in. ca. 1901-Sept. 1902 Träumerei Artists vary Violin solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 566 7-in. ca. 1902-Oct. 1905 Träumerei Columbia Band Band composer  
Columbia 566 10-in. ca. 1902 Träumerei Columbia Band Band composer  
Columbia 702 7-in. ca. Jan.-Sept. 1902 Träumerei Artists vary Orchestra composer  
Columbia 702 10-in. ca. Jan.-Sept. 1902 Träumerei Artists vary Orchestra composer  
Columbia 3627 10-in. Jan.-May 1907 Träumerei : No. 7 Victor E. Sorlin Cello solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 4080 10-in. ca. April 1-7, 1909 The two grenadiers Albert Edmund Brown Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia 19324 10-in. 5/1/1911 Widmung Cecil Fanning Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia 19674 10-in. 11/24/1911 Träumerei Jules Falk Violin solo, with orchestra composer  
(Results 301-325 of 567 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Schumann, Robert," accessed January 27, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.

Schumann, Robert. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved January 27, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.

"Schumann, Robert." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 27 January 2023.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855

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