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Robert Schumann

Robert Schumann (German: [ˈʃuːman]; 8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. His teacher, Friedrich Wieck, a German pianist, had assured him that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.

In 1840, after a long and acrimonious legal battle with Wieck, who opposed the marriage, Schumann married Wieck's daughter Clara. A lifelong partnership in music began, as Clara herself was an established pianist and music prodigy. Clara and Robert also maintained a close relationship with German composer Johannes Brahms.

Until 1840, Schumann wrote exclusively for the piano. Later, he composed piano and orchestral works, and many Lieder (songs for voice and piano). He composed four symphonies, one opera, and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. His best-known works include Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C. Schumann was known for infusing his music with characters through motifs, as well as references to works of literature. These characters bled into his editorial writing in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication that he co-founded.

Schumann suffered from a mental disorder that first manifested in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode—which recurred several times alternating with phases of "exaltation" and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. What is now thought to have been a combination of bipolar disorder and perhaps mercury poisoning led to "manic" and "depressive" periods in Schumann's compositional productivity. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted at his own request to a mental asylum in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with psychotic melancholia, he died of pneumonia two years later at the age of 46, without recovering from his mental illness.

Birth and Death Data: Born June 8, 1810 (Zwickau), Died July 29, 1856 (Endenich)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1897 - 1947

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 201-225 of 566 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor BVE-51032 10-in. 3/15/1929 Mariä Wiegenlied Mrs. William H. Greene Female vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor CVE-51060 12-in. 3/22/1929 Novelette in D Harold Bauer Piano solo composer  
Victor CVE-51089 12-in. 4/9/1929 Carnaval Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo composer  
Victor CVE-51090 12-in. 4/9/1929 Carnaval Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo composer  
Victor CVE-51091 12-in. 4/9/1929 Carnaval Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo composer  
Victor CVE-51092 12-in. 4/9/1929 Carnaval Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo composer  
Victor CVE-51093 12-in. 4/9/1929 Carnaval Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo composer  
Victor CVE-51094 12-in. 4/9/1929 Carnaval Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo composer  
Victor BVE-55364 10-in. 8/23/1929 Scenes from childhood : The knight of the hobby-horse Bruno Reibold ; Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-55999 10-in. 10/31/1929 Warum (Why) Bruno Reibold ; Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-57147 10-in. 11/15/1929 Widmung Catherine Wright Female vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor CVE-57270 12-in. 12/17/1929 Symphony no. 1, in B flat Chicago Symphony Orchestra ; Frederick Stock Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-57271 12-in. 12/17/1929 Symphony no. 1, in B flat Chicago Symphony Orchestra ; Frederick Stock Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-57272 12-in. 12/17/1929 Symphony no. 1, in B flat Chicago Symphony Orchestra ; Frederick Stock Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-57273 12-in. 12/18/1929 Symphony no. 1, in B flat Chicago Symphony Orchestra ; Frederick Stock Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-57274 12-in. 12/18/1929 Symphony no. 1, in B flat Chicago Symphony Orchestra ; Frederick Stock Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-57275 12-in. 12/18/1929 Symphony no. 1, in B flat Chicago Symphony Orchestra ; Frederick Stock Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-57276 12-in. 12/18/1929 Symphony no. 1, in B flat Chicago Symphony Orchestra ; Frederick Stock Orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-57604 10-in. 11/7/1929 Im grunen (In the green) Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-58641 10-in. 1/31/1930 Träumerei Rudolph Ganz Piano solo composer  
Victor CVE-62739 12-in. 6/23/1930 Es blinkt der thau Mrs. H. W. Block Female vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor BVE-63629 10-in. 9/6/1930 Schneeglockehen Amelita Galli-Curci Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor CRC-71759 12-in. 6/30/1932 Lascia ch'io pianga (Ah, let me weep, Lord) Herbert M. Woollen Male vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor LBS-75608 10-in. (33-1/3 rpm) 3/21/1933 Träumerei Charles O’Connell Pipe organ solo composer  
Victor BS-76772 10-in. 8/17/1933 Carnaval : Excerpts Myrtle C. Eaver Piano solo composer  
(Results 201-225 of 566 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Schumann, Robert," accessed December 7, 2022, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.

Schumann, Robert. (2022). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 7, 2022, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.

"Schumann, Robert." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2022. Web. 7 December 2022.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855

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