Robert Schumann (German: [ˈʃuːman]; 8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. His teacher, Friedrich Wieck, a German pianist, had assured him that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.
In 1840, after a long and acrimonious legal battle with Wieck, who opposed the marriage, Schumann married Wieck's daughter Clara. A lifelong partnership in music began, as Clara herself was an established pianist and music prodigy. Clara and Robert also maintained a close relationship with German composer Johannes Brahms.
Until 1840, Schumann wrote exclusively for the piano. Later, he composed piano and orchestral works, and many Lieder (songs for voice and piano). He composed four symphonies, one opera, and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. His best-known works include Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C. Schumann was known for infusing his music with characters through motifs, as well as references to works of literature. These characters bled into his editorial writing in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication that he co-founded.
Schumann suffered from a mental disorder that first manifested in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode—which recurred several times alternating with phases of "exaltation" and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. What is now thought to have been a combination of bipolar disorder and perhaps mercury poisoning led to "manic" and "depressive" periods in Schumann's compositional productivity. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted at his own request to a mental asylum in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with psychotic melancholia, he died of pneumonia two years later at the age of 46, without recovering from his mental illness.
Birth and Death Data: Born June 8, 1810 (Zwickau), Died July 29, 1856 (Endenich)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1897 - 1947
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
Recordings (Results 201-225 of 566 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||BVE-51032||10-in.||3/15/1929||Mariä Wiegenlied||Mrs. William H. Greene||Female vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||CVE-51060||12-in.||3/22/1929||Novelette in D||Harold Bauer||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||CVE-51089||12-in.||4/9/1929||Carnaval||Sergei Rachmaninoff||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||CVE-51090||12-in.||4/9/1929||Carnaval||Sergei Rachmaninoff||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||CVE-51091||12-in.||4/9/1929||Carnaval||Sergei Rachmaninoff||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||CVE-51092||12-in.||4/9/1929||Carnaval||Sergei Rachmaninoff||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||CVE-51093||12-in.||4/9/1929||Carnaval||Sergei Rachmaninoff||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||CVE-51094||12-in.||4/9/1929||Carnaval||Sergei Rachmaninoff||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||BVE-55364||10-in.||8/23/1929||Scenes from childhood : The knight of the hobby-horse||Bruno Reibold ; Victor Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-55999||10-in.||10/31/1929||Warum (Why)||Bruno Reibold ; Victor Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-57147||10-in.||11/15/1929||Widmung||Catherine Wright||Female vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||CVE-57270||12-in.||12/17/1929||Symphony no. 1, in B flat||Chicago Symphony Orchestra ; Frederick Stock||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-57271||12-in.||12/17/1929||Symphony no. 1, in B flat||Chicago Symphony Orchestra ; Frederick Stock||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-57272||12-in.||12/17/1929||Symphony no. 1, in B flat||Chicago Symphony Orchestra ; Frederick Stock||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-57273||12-in.||12/18/1929||Symphony no. 1, in B flat||Chicago Symphony Orchestra ; Frederick Stock||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-57274||12-in.||12/18/1929||Symphony no. 1, in B flat||Chicago Symphony Orchestra ; Frederick Stock||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-57275||12-in.||12/18/1929||Symphony no. 1, in B flat||Chicago Symphony Orchestra ; Frederick Stock||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-57276||12-in.||12/18/1929||Symphony no. 1, in B flat||Chicago Symphony Orchestra ; Frederick Stock||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-57604||10-in.||11/7/1929||Im grunen (In the green)||Victor Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-58641||10-in.||1/31/1930||Träumerei||Rudolph Ganz||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||CVE-62739||12-in.||6/23/1930||Es blinkt der thau||Mrs. H. W. Block||Female vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||BVE-63629||10-in.||9/6/1930||Schneeglockehen||Amelita Galli-Curci||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CRC-71759||12-in.||6/30/1932||Lascia ch'io pianga (Ah, let me weep, Lord)||Herbert M. Woollen||Male vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||LBS-75608||10-in. (33-1/3 rpm)||3/21/1933||Träumerei||Charles O’Connell||Pipe organ solo||composer|
|Victor||BS-76772||10-in.||8/17/1933||Carnaval : Excerpts||Myrtle C. Eaver||Piano solo||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Schumann, Robert," accessed December 7, 2022, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.
Schumann, Robert. (2022). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 7, 2022, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.
"Schumann, Robert." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2022. Web. 7 December 2022.
DAHR Persistent Identifier
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