Robert Schumann (German: [ˈʃuːman]; 8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. His teacher, Friedrich Wieck, a German pianist, had assured him that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.
In 1840, after a long and acrimonious legal battle with Wieck, who opposed the marriage, Schumann married Wieck's daughter Clara. A lifelong partnership in music began, as Clara herself was an established pianist and music prodigy. Clara and Robert also maintained a close relationship with German composer Johannes Brahms.
Until 1840, Schumann wrote exclusively for the piano. Later, he composed piano and orchestral works, and many Lieder (songs for voice and piano). He composed four symphonies, one opera, and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. His best-known works include Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C. Schumann was known for infusing his music with characters through motifs, as well as references to works of literature. These characters bled into his editorial writing in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication that he co-founded.
Schumann suffered from a mental disorder that first manifested in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode—which recurred several times alternating with phases of "exaltation" and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. What is now thought to have been a combination of bipolar disorder and perhaps mercury poisoning led to "manic" and "depressive" periods in Schumann's compositional productivity. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted at his own request to a mental asylum in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with psychotic melancholia, he died of pneumonia two years later at the age of 46, without recovering from his mental illness.
Birth and Death Data: Born June 8, 1810 (Zwickau), Died July 29, 1856 (Endenich)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1897 - 1947
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
Recordings (Results 101-125 of 567 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||B-16130||10-in.||6/22/1915||Ich grolle nicht||Clarence Whitehill||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-16457||10-in.||9/7/1915||Träumerei||Victor Concert Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-16769||10-in.||11/12/1915||Schumann concerto : Adagio||Beatrice Harrison||Cello solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-17496||10-in.||4/14/1916||Von dem Rosenbusch o Mutter||Ema Destinnová ; Maria Duchêne||Vocal duet (soprano and contralto), with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-17679||10-in.||5/15/1916||Träumerei||Hans Kindler||Cello solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-17746||12-in.||5/26/1916||Die Lotosblume||Johanna Gadski||Soprano vocal solo, with harp||composer|
|Victor||B-18027||10-in.||6/27/1916||Der Nussbaum||Frieda Hempel||Soprano vocal solo, with violin and harp||composer|
|Victor||B-18883||10-in.||12/28/1916||Volksliedchen||Sonja Simitch||Mezzo-soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-19872||10-in.||5/18/1917||Butterfly||Kitty Cheatham||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-20181||12-in.||6/28/1917||Die beiden Grenadiers||Bernardo Olshansky||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-20438||10-in.||7/23/1917||Chant du soir||Victor Symphony Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-20860||12-in.||10/12/1917||The two grenadiers||Clarence Whitehill||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-20896||10-in.||10/23/1917||Hey Baloo||Laura Littlefield||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-21178||10-in.||12/14/1917||Butterfly||Kitty Cheatham||Female vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-21412||10-in.||1/11/1918||Slumber song||Laura Littlefield||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-21730||10-in.||4/3/1918||Skymningsbonen||Brooklyn Svenska Mans Kvartetten||Male vocal quartet, with organ||composer|
|Victor||C-21917||12-in.||5/10/1918||Quartet in A minor : Scherzo||Flonzaley Quartet||String quartet||composer|
|Victor||B-22519||10-in.||1/8/1919||The voice of love||Clement Barone ; Emil Keneke||Cornet and flute duet, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-22560||10-in.||1/28/1919||The voice of love||Clement Barone ; Rosario Bourdon||Flute and cello duet, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-22633||10-in.||3/19/1919||Of a tailor and a bear||Victor Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-22633||10-in.||8/16/1926||Of a tailor and a bear||Victor Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-23403||10-in.||10/13/1919||Widmung||Jascha Heifetz||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-23799||10-in.||4/2/1920||The singer's consolation||John McCormack||Tenor vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-23995||10-in.||5/5/1920||The walnut tree||Efrem Zimbalist||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Schumann, Robert," accessed December 10, 2022, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.
Schumann, Robert. (2022). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 10, 2022, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.
"Schumann, Robert." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2022. Web. 10 December 2022.
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