Robert Schumann

Robert Schumann (German: [ˈʃuːman]; 8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. His teacher, Friedrich Wieck, a German pianist, had assured him that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.

In 1840, after a long and acrimonious legal battle with Wieck, who opposed the marriage, Schumann married Wieck's daughter Clara. A lifelong partnership in music began, as Clara herself was an established pianist and music prodigy. Clara and Robert also maintained a close relationship with German composer Johannes Brahms.

Until 1840, Schumann wrote exclusively for the piano. Later, he composed piano and orchestral works, and many Lieder (songs for voice and piano). He composed four symphonies, one opera, and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. His best-known works include Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C. Schumann was known for infusing his music with characters through motifs, as well as references to works of literature. These characters bled into his editorial writing in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication that he co-founded.

Schumann suffered from a mental disorder that first manifested in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode—which recurred several times alternating with phases of "exaltation" and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. What is now thought to have been a combination of bipolar disorder and perhaps mercury poisoning led to "manic" and "depressive" periods in Schumann's compositional productivity. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted at his own request to a mental asylum in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with psychotic melancholia, he died of pneumonia two years later at the age of 46, without recovering from his mental illness.

Birth and Death Data: Born June 8, 1810 (Zwickau), Died July 29, 1856 (Endenich)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1897 - 1947

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 101-125 of 567 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor B-16130 10-in. 6/22/1915 Ich grolle nicht Clarence Whitehill Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-16457 10-in. 9/7/1915 Träumerei Victor Concert Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor B-16769 10-in. 11/12/1915 Schumann concerto : Adagio Beatrice Harrison Cello solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-17496 10-in. 4/14/1916 Von dem Rosenbusch o Mutter Ema Destinnová ; Maria Duchêne Vocal duet (soprano and contralto), with orchestra composer  
Victor B-17679 10-in. 5/15/1916 Träumerei Hans Kindler Cello solo, with piano composer  
Victor C-17746 12-in. 5/26/1916 Die Lotosblume Johanna Gadski Soprano vocal solo, with harp composer  
Victor B-18027 10-in. 6/27/1916 Der Nussbaum Frieda Hempel Soprano vocal solo, with violin and harp composer  
Victor B-18883 10-in. 12/28/1916 Volksliedchen Sonja Simitch Mezzo-soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-19872 10-in. 5/18/1917 Butterfly Kitty Cheatham Female vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-20181 12-in. 6/28/1917 Die beiden Grenadiers Bernardo Olshansky Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-20438 10-in. 7/23/1917 Chant du soir Victor Symphony Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor C-20860 12-in. 10/12/1917 The two grenadiers Clarence Whitehill Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-20896 10-in. 10/23/1917 Hey Baloo Laura Littlefield Female vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-21178 10-in. 12/14/1917 Butterfly Kitty Cheatham Female vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor C-21206 12-in. 11/26/1917 Woodwinds Victor Orchestra Instructional composer  
Victor B-21412 10-in. 1/11/1918 Slumber song Laura Littlefield Female vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-21730 10-in. 4/3/1918 Skymningsbonen Brooklyn Svenska Mans Kvartetten Male vocal quartet, with organ composer  
Victor C-21917 12-in. 5/10/1918 Quartet in A minor : Scherzo Flonzaley Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor B-22519 10-in. 1/8/1919 The voice of love Clement Barone ; Emil Keneke Cornet and flute duet, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-22560 10-in. 1/28/1919 The voice of love Clement Barone ; Rosario Bourdon Flute and cello duet, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-22633 10-in. 3/19/1919 Of a tailor and a bear Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-22633 10-in. 8/16/1926 Of a tailor and a bear Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor B-23403 10-in. 10/13/1919 Widmung Jascha Heifetz Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-23799 10-in. 4/2/1920 The singer's consolation John McCormack Tenor vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-23995 10-in. 5/5/1920 The walnut tree Efrem Zimbalist Violin solo, with piano composer  
(Results 101-125 of 567 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Schumann, Robert," accessed December 10, 2022, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.

Schumann, Robert. (2022). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 10, 2022, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.

"Schumann, Robert." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2022. Web. 10 December 2022.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855

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