Robert Schumann

Robert Schumann (German: [ˈʃuːman]; 8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. His teacher, Friedrich Wieck, a German pianist, had assured him that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.

In 1840, after a long and acrimonious legal battle with Wieck, who opposed the marriage, Schumann married Wieck's daughter Clara. A lifelong partnership in music began, as Clara herself was an established pianist and music prodigy. Clara and Robert also maintained a close relationship with German composer Johannes Brahms.

Until 1840, Schumann wrote exclusively for the piano. Later, he composed piano and orchestral works, and many Lieder (songs for voice and piano). He composed four symphonies, one opera, and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. His best-known works include Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C. Schumann was known for infusing his music with characters through motifs, as well as references to works of literature. These characters bled into his editorial writing in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication that he co-founded.

Schumann suffered from a mental disorder that first manifested in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode—which recurred several times alternating with phases of "exaltation" and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. What is now thought to have been a combination of bipolar disorder and perhaps mercury poisoning led to "manic" and "depressive" periods in Schumann's compositional productivity. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted at his own request to a mental asylum in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with psychotic melancholia, he died of pneumonia two years later at the age of 46, without recovering from his mental illness.

Birth and Death Data: Born June 8, 1810 (Zwickau), Died July 29, 1856 (Endenich)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1897 - 1947

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 126-150 of 567 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor B-23996 10-in. 5/5/1920 Dedication Efrem Zimbalist Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor C-25101 12-in. 3/16/1921 Quartet in A major : Assai agitato Flonzaley Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor B-25907 10-in. 12/19/1921 Knight of the hobbyhorse Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-25907 10-in. 11/18/1926 Knight of the hobby-horse Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor B-26193 10-in. 4/3/1922 At the fountain Erica Morini Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-26503 10-in. 6/3/1922 Romance in F sharp major Olga Samaroff Stokowski Piano solo composer  
Victor C-26503 12-in. 4/27/1923 Romance in F sharp major Olga Samaroff Stokowski Piano solo composer  
Victor B-26533 10-in. 6/16/1922 Chant du soir Josef Pasternack ; Victor Symphony Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor B-27119 10-in. 11/4/1922 The smugglers Sergei Rachmaninoff Piano solo composer  
Victor C-27327 12-in. 12/19/1922 Quartet in A minor : Adagio Flonzaley Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor C-27730 12-in. 4/2/1923 Der Nussbaum Geraldine Farrar Soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-27730 10-in. 4/3/1923 Der Nussbaum Geraldine Farrar Soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor C-28012 12-in. 5/17/1923 Träumerei Jasha Bunchuk Cello solo, with piano composer  
Victor C-28638 12-in. 10/8/1923 Nacht stuck Olga Samaroff Stokowski Piano solo composer  
Victor C-28639 12-in. 10/8/1923 Soaring Olga Samaroff Stokowski Piano solo composer  
Victor C-29090 12-in. 12/14/1923 Novelette, op. 21, no. 1 Vladimir de Pachmann Piano solo composer  
Victor C-29098 12-in. 12/19/1923 Quintette in E flat major : Allegro brillante Flonzaley Quartet ; Ossip Gabrilowitsch Piano quintet composer  
Victor C-29099 12-in. 12/19/1923 Quintette in E flat major : In modo d'una marcia Flonzaley Quartet ; Ossip Gabrilowitsch Piano quintet composer  
Victor C-29200 12-in. 12/19/1923 Quintette in E flat major : Scherzo molto vivace Flonzaley Quartet ; Ossip Gabrilowitsch Piano quintet composer  
Victor C-29201 12-in. 12/20/1923 Quintette in E flat major : Allegro ma non troppo Flonzaley Quartet ; Ossip Gabrilowitsch Piano quintet composer  
Victor B-29226 10-in. 12/28/1923 Widmung Maria Jeritza Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-29605 10-in. 2/26/1924 Warum Ossip Gabrilowitsch Piano solo composer  
Victor BVE-29605 10-in. 5/12/1925 Warum Ossip Gabrilowitsch Piano solo composer  
Victor B-29606 10-in. 2/26/1924 Aufschwung Ossip Gabrilowitsch Piano solo composer  
Victor B-29607 10-in. 2/26/1924 Novelette, op. 99, no. 9 Ossip Gabrilowitsch Piano solo composer  
(Results 126-150 of 567 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Schumann, Robert," accessed December 10, 2022, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.

Schumann, Robert. (2022). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 10, 2022, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.

"Schumann, Robert." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2022. Web. 10 December 2022.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855

Wikipedia content provided under the terms of the Creative Commons BY-SA license

Feedback

Send the Editors a message about this record.