Robert Schumann (German: [ˈʃuːman]; 8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. His teacher, Friedrich Wieck, a German pianist, had assured him that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.
In 1840, after a long and acrimonious legal battle with Wieck, who opposed the marriage, Schumann married Wieck's daughter Clara. A lifelong partnership in music began, as Clara herself was an established pianist and music prodigy. Clara and Robert also maintained a close relationship with German composer Johannes Brahms.
Until 1840, Schumann wrote exclusively for the piano. Later, he composed piano and orchestral works, and many Lieder (songs for voice and piano). He composed four symphonies, one opera, and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. His best-known works include Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C. Schumann was known for infusing his music with characters through motifs, as well as references to works of literature. These characters bled into his editorial writing in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication that he co-founded.
Schumann suffered from a mental disorder that first manifested in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode—which recurred several times alternating with phases of "exaltation" and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. What is now thought to have been a combination of bipolar disorder and perhaps mercury poisoning led to "manic" and "depressive" periods in Schumann's compositional productivity. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted at his own request to a mental asylum in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with psychotic melancholia, he died of pneumonia two years later at the age of 46, without recovering from his mental illness.
Birth and Death Data: Born June 8, 1810 (Zwickau), Died July 29, 1856 (Endenich)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1897 - 1947
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
Recordings (Results 126-150 of 567 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||B-23996||10-in.||5/5/1920||Dedication||Efrem Zimbalist||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-25101||12-in.||3/16/1921||Quartet in A major : Assai agitato||Flonzaley Quartet||String quartet||composer|
|Victor||B-25907||10-in.||12/19/1921||Knight of the hobbyhorse||Victor Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-25907||10-in.||11/18/1926||Knight of the hobby-horse||Victor Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-26193||10-in.||4/3/1922||At the fountain||Erica Morini||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-26503||10-in.||6/3/1922||Romance in F sharp major||Olga Samaroff Stokowski||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||C-26503||12-in.||4/27/1923||Romance in F sharp major||Olga Samaroff Stokowski||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||B-26533||10-in.||6/16/1922||Chant du soir||Josef Pasternack ; Victor Symphony Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-27119||10-in.||11/4/1922||The smugglers||Sergei Rachmaninoff||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||C-27327||12-in.||12/19/1922||Quartet in A minor : Adagio||Flonzaley Quartet||String quartet||composer|
|Victor||C-27730||12-in.||4/2/1923||Der Nussbaum||Geraldine Farrar||Soprano vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-27730||10-in.||4/3/1923||Der Nussbaum||Geraldine Farrar||Soprano vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-28012||12-in.||5/17/1923||Träumerei||Jasha Bunchuk||Cello solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-28638||12-in.||10/8/1923||Nacht stuck||Olga Samaroff Stokowski||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||C-28639||12-in.||10/8/1923||Soaring||Olga Samaroff Stokowski||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||C-29090||12-in.||12/14/1923||Novelette, op. 21, no. 1||Vladimir de Pachmann||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||C-29098||12-in.||12/19/1923||Quintette in E flat major : Allegro brillante||Flonzaley Quartet ; Ossip Gabrilowitsch||Piano quintet||composer|
|Victor||C-29099||12-in.||12/19/1923||Quintette in E flat major : In modo d'una marcia||Flonzaley Quartet ; Ossip Gabrilowitsch||Piano quintet||composer|
|Victor||C-29200||12-in.||12/19/1923||Quintette in E flat major : Scherzo molto vivace||Flonzaley Quartet ; Ossip Gabrilowitsch||Piano quintet||composer|
|Victor||C-29201||12-in.||12/20/1923||Quintette in E flat major : Allegro ma non troppo||Flonzaley Quartet ; Ossip Gabrilowitsch||Piano quintet||composer|
|Victor||B-29226||10-in.||12/28/1923||Widmung||Maria Jeritza||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-29605||10-in.||2/26/1924||Warum||Ossip Gabrilowitsch||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||BVE-29605||10-in.||5/12/1925||Warum||Ossip Gabrilowitsch||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||B-29606||10-in.||2/26/1924||Aufschwung||Ossip Gabrilowitsch||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||B-29607||10-in.||2/26/1924||Novelette, op. 99, no. 9||Ossip Gabrilowitsch||Piano solo||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Schumann, Robert," accessed December 10, 2022, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.
Schumann, Robert. (2022). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 10, 2022, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.
"Schumann, Robert." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2022. Web. 10 December 2022.
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