Robert Schumann (German: [ˈʃuːman]; 8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. His teacher, Friedrich Wieck, a German pianist, had assured him that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.
In 1840, after a long and acrimonious legal battle with Wieck, who opposed the marriage, Schumann married Wieck's daughter Clara. A lifelong partnership in music began, as Clara herself was an established pianist and music prodigy. Clara and Robert also maintained a close relationship with German composer Johannes Brahms.
Until 1840, Schumann wrote exclusively for the piano. Later, he composed piano and orchestral works, and many Lieder (songs for voice and piano). He composed four symphonies, one opera, and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. His best-known works include Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C. Schumann was known for infusing his music with characters through motifs, as well as references to works of literature. These characters bled into his editorial writing in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication that he co-founded.
Schumann suffered from a mental disorder that first manifested in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode—which recurred several times alternating with phases of "exaltation" and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. What is now thought to have been a combination of bipolar disorder and perhaps mercury poisoning led to "manic" and "depressive" periods in Schumann's compositional productivity. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted at his own request to a mental asylum in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with psychotic melancholia, he died of pneumonia two years later at the age of 46, without recovering from his mental illness.
Birth and Death Data: Born June 8th, 1810 (Zwickau), Died July 29th, 1856 (Endenich)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1897 - 1941
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 453 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Berliner||3313||7-in.||8/31/1897||The two grenadiers||Arthur Pryor||Trombone solo||composer|
|Berliner||0278||7-in.||6/15/1899||The two grenadiers||Arthur Pryor||Trombone solo||composer|
|Berliner||0634||7-in.||10/13/1899||Wohlauf! noch getrunken den funkelnden Wein!||Carl Bernhard||Male vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]246||7-in.||10/18/1900||Träumerei||Charles D'Almaine||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]246||10-in.||3/20/1903||Träumerei||Charles D'Almaine||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]598||7-in.||1/7/1901||Träumerei||Moereman's Woodwind Quartet||Woodwind quartet||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]1675||7-in.||10/9/1902||Träumerei||Alexander Heindl||Cello solo||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]1675||10-in.||10/9/1902||Träumerei||Alexander Heindl||Cello solo||composer|
|Victor||C-580||12-in.||10/16/1903||Im wunderschönen Monat Mai (Op. 48, No. 1)||Robert Blass||Bass vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-581||12-in.||10/16/1903||Die beiden Grenadiere||Robert Blass||Bass vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-695||10-in.||11/11/1903||Widmung||Johanna Gadski||Soprano vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||A-806||7-in.||12/10/1903||Träumerei||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-806||10-in.||12/10/1903||Träumerei||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||A-913||7-in.||1/14/1904||Träumerei||Alexander Heindl||Cello solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-913||10-in.||1/14/1904||Träumerei||Alexander Heindl||Cello solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-993||12-in.||1/29/1904||Les deux grenadiers||Pol Plançon||Bass vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-1076||10-in.||3/5/1904||Der Nussbaum||Johanna Gadski||Soprano vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||A-1367||7-in.||5/27/1904||Träumerei||Charles D'Almaine||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-1367||10-in.||5/27/1904||Träumerei||Charles D'Almaine||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-1951||10-in.||11/15/1904||Der Nussbaum||Marcella Sembrich||Soprano vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-2093||10-in.||12/28/1904||Träumerei||Samuel Siegel||Mandolin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-2104||10-in.||12/30/1904||Träumerei||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-2331||10-in.||2/24/1905||Träumerei||Charles D'Almaine||Violin solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-3026||12-in.||1/19/1906||Träumerei||Joseph Hollman||Cello solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-3165||12-in.||3/8/1906||Les deux grenadiers||Marcel Journet ; Victor Orchestra||Bass vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Schumann, Robert," accessed June 24, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.
Schumann, Robert. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved June 24, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.
"Schumann, Robert." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 24 June 2021.
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