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Robert Schumann

Robert Schumann (German: [ˈʃuːman]; 8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. His teacher, Friedrich Wieck, a German pianist, had assured him that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.

In 1840, after a long and acrimonious legal battle with Wieck, who opposed the marriage, Schumann married Wieck's daughter Clara. A lifelong partnership in music began, as Clara herself was an established pianist and music prodigy. Clara and Robert also maintained a close relationship with German composer Johannes Brahms.

Until 1840, Schumann wrote exclusively for the piano. Later, he composed piano and orchestral works, and many Lieder (songs for voice and piano). He composed four symphonies, one opera, and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. His best-known works include Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C. Schumann was known for infusing his music with characters through motifs, as well as references to works of literature. These characters bled into his editorial writing in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication that he co-founded.

Schumann suffered from a mental disorder that first manifested in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode—which recurred several times alternating with phases of "exaltation" and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. What is now thought to have been a combination of bipolar disorder and perhaps mercury poisoning led to "manic" and "depressive" periods in Schumann's compositional productivity. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted at his own request to a mental asylum in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with psychotic melancholia, he died of pneumonia two years later at the age of 46, without recovering from his mental illness.

Birth and Death Data: Born June 8, 1810 (Zwickau), Died July 29, 1856 (Endenich)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1897 - 1947

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 326-350 of 567 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Columbia 19848 10-in. 4/8/1912 Warum? Josef Hofmann Piano solo composer  
Columbia 38637 10-in. 2/19/1913 Die Lotosblume Lucille Marcel Female vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia 38871 10-in. 5/21/1913 Träumerei Taddeo Di Girolamo ; Ellery Band Band composer  
Columbia 47097 10-in. 10/23/1916 Traumerei Paul Kéfer Cello solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia 47194 10-in. 11/27/1916 Träumerei Boston String Quartet String quartet composer  
Columbia 47263 10-in. 1/2/1917 Mélodie Francis MacMillen Violin solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 77501 10-in. 11/9/1917 Träumerei Paolo Gruppe Violin solo composer  
Columbia 77539 10-in. 12/1/1917 Träumerei Francis MacMillen Violin solo composer  
Columbia 77899 10-in. 6/20/1918 Träumerei L. T. Greenberg ; Toscha Seidel Violin solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 80598 10-in. 10/10/1922 Moonlight Barbara Maurel Mezzo-soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia 81420 10-in. 12/17/1923 Moonlight Carmela Ponselle Mezzo-soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia 81587 10-in. 2/27/1924 Why? Percy Grainger Piano solo composer  
Columbia 30029 12-in. ca. Jan.-Aug. 1906 Die beiden Grenadiere Anton van Rooy Baritone vocal solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 30167 12-in. ca. 1908-Jan. 1909 Wanderlied Anton van Rooy Baritone vocal solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 30495 12-in. 5/12/1910 Waldgespräch Lillian Nordica Soprano vocal solo composer  
Columbia 30633 12-in. ca. Jan. 1911 Die beiden Grenadiere Alexander Heinemann Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia 30689 12-in. 3/8/1911 Ich grolle nicht Lillian Nordica Soprano vocal solo composer  
Columbia 36350 12-in. ca. 1912 Heiden roslein David Scull Bispham Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia 36510 12-in. 12/19/1912 The two grenadiers Frank Croxton Bass vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia 36515 12-in. 12/24/1912 Abendlied Eugène Ysaÿe Violin solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 37087 12-in. ca. 1914 The two grenadiers David Scull Bispham Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia 37252 12-in. 4/14/1915 Traumerei Pablo Casals Cello solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 37409 12-in. ca. 1915 Les deux grenadiers Dr. A. J. Harpin Bass vocal solo composer  
Columbia 48717 12-in. 4/21/1916 Abendlied Pablo Casals Cello solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia 48737 12-in. 4/27/1916 Vogel als Prophet Eddy Brown Violin solo, with piano composer  
(Results 326-350 of 567 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Schumann, Robert," accessed January 30, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.

Schumann, Robert. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved January 30, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.

"Schumann, Robert." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 30 January 2023.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855

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