Robert Schumann (German: [ˈʃuːman]; 8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. His teacher, Friedrich Wieck, a German pianist, had assured him that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.
In 1840, after a long and acrimonious legal battle with Wieck, who opposed the marriage, Schumann married Wieck's daughter Clara. A lifelong partnership in music began, as Clara herself was an established pianist and music prodigy. Clara and Robert also maintained a close relationship with German composer Johannes Brahms.
Until 1840, Schumann wrote exclusively for the piano. Later, he composed piano and orchestral works, and many Lieder (songs for voice and piano). He composed four symphonies, one opera, and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. His best-known works include Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C. Schumann was known for infusing his music with characters through motifs, as well as references to works of literature. These characters bled into his editorial writing in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication that he co-founded.
Schumann suffered from a mental disorder that first manifested in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode—which recurred several times alternating with phases of "exaltation" and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. What is now thought to have been a combination of bipolar disorder and perhaps mercury poisoning led to "manic" and "depressive" periods in Schumann's compositional productivity. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted at his own request to a mental asylum in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with psychotic melancholia, he died of pneumonia two years later at the age of 46, without recovering from his mental illness.
Birth and Death Data: Born June 8, 1810 (Zwickau), Died July 29, 1856 (Endenich)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1897 - 1947
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
Recordings (Results 326-350 of 567 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Columbia||19848||10-in.||4/8/1912||Warum?||Josef Hofmann||Piano solo||composer|
|Columbia||38637||10-in.||2/19/1913||Die Lotosblume||Lucille Marcel||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||38871||10-in.||5/21/1913||Träumerei||Taddeo Di Girolamo ; Ellery Band||Band||composer|
|Columbia||47097||10-in.||10/23/1916||Traumerei||Paul Kéfer||Cello solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||47194||10-in.||11/27/1916||Träumerei||Boston String Quartet||String quartet||composer|
|Columbia||47263||10-in.||1/2/1917||Mélodie||Francis MacMillen||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Columbia||77501||10-in.||11/9/1917||Träumerei||Paolo Gruppe||Violin solo||composer|
|Columbia||77539||10-in.||12/1/1917||Träumerei||Francis MacMillen||Violin solo||composer|
|Columbia||77899||10-in.||6/20/1918||Träumerei||L. T. Greenberg ; Toscha Seidel||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Columbia||80598||10-in.||10/10/1922||Moonlight||Barbara Maurel||Mezzo-soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||81420||10-in.||12/17/1923||Moonlight||Carmela Ponselle||Mezzo-soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||81587||10-in.||2/27/1924||Why?||Percy Grainger||Piano solo||composer|
|Columbia||30029||12-in.||ca. Jan.-Aug. 1906||Die beiden Grenadiere||Anton van Rooy||Baritone vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Columbia||30167||12-in.||ca. 1908-Jan. 1909||Wanderlied||Anton van Rooy||Baritone vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Columbia||30495||12-in.||5/12/1910||Waldgespräch||Lillian Nordica||Soprano vocal solo||composer|
|Columbia||30633||12-in.||ca. Jan. 1911||Die beiden Grenadiere||Alexander Heinemann||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||30689||12-in.||3/8/1911||Ich grolle nicht||Lillian Nordica||Soprano vocal solo||composer|
|Columbia||36350||12-in.||ca. 1912||Heiden roslein||David Scull Bispham||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||36510||12-in.||12/19/1912||The two grenadiers||Frank Croxton||Bass vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||36515||12-in.||12/24/1912||Abendlied||Eugène Ysaÿe||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Columbia||37087||12-in.||ca. 1914||The two grenadiers||David Scull Bispham||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||37252||12-in.||4/14/1915||Traumerei||Pablo Casals||Cello solo, with piano||composer|
|Columbia||37409||12-in.||ca. 1915||Les deux grenadiers||Dr. A. J. Harpin||Bass vocal solo||composer|
|Columbia||48717||12-in.||4/21/1916||Abendlied||Pablo Casals||Cello solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||48737||12-in.||4/27/1916||Vogel als Prophet||Eddy Brown||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Schumann, Robert," accessed January 30, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.
Schumann, Robert. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved January 30, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.
"Schumann, Robert." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 30 January 2023.
DAHR Persistent Identifier
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